Pope began work on it in , and had finished the first three by Its very title gives the reader an immediate clue; "rape" and all its connotations bring to mind a heinous crime of physical and spiritual violation. But this is an attainment of eternal life given by God, which specifies the path of a soul to heaven and its settlement in the heavenly courts. Found this material Helpful? Pope exemplifies this acceptance of weakness in the last lines of Epistle 1 in which he considers the incomprehensible, whether seemingly miraculous or disastrous, to at least be correct, if nothing else. The second epistle abruptly turns to focus on the principles that guide human action.
It seems that man must look outwards to gain any understanding of his divine purpose but avoid excessive analysis of what he sees. In another sense, self-love and the passions dictate the short term while reason shapes the long term. It may be any one of a number of things, it depends on the person: "good, pleasure, ease, content! Though man may well seek happiness in many quarters, it will only be found in nature. As, in some well-wrought picture, light and shade And oft so mix, the diff'rence is too nice, Where ends the virtue, or begins the vice.
Princeton University Press, Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. All Nature is but Art, unknown to thee; All chance, direction, which thou canst not see All discord, harmony not understood, All partial evil, universal good: And, spite of pride, in erring reason's spite, One truth is clear, whatever is, is right. Still as one brood, and as another rose, These natural love maintain'd, habitual those: The last, scarce ripen'd into perfect man, Saw helpless from him whom their life began: Memory and forecast just returns engage; That pointed back to youth, this on to age; While pleasure, gratitude, and hope, combined, Still spread the interest, and preserved the kind. Pope, however, was always greatly distressed by charges of fatalism. The image of Nature as a benefactor and Man as her avaricious recipient is countered in the next set of lines: Pope instead entertains the possible faults of Nature in natural disasters such as earthquakes and storms.
Someone helps others, is friendly and always ready to help. For example, motivated by envy, a person may develop courage and wish to emulate the accomplishments of another; and the avaricious person may attain the virtue of prudence. This section finishes up by discussing virtue and vice. The first section explains that man must not look to God for answers to the great questions of life, for he will never find the answers.
John, Lord Bolingbroke, a friend of the poet from whose fragmentary philosophical writings Pope likely drew inspiration for An Essay on Man. In his next stanza, Pope makes reference to presumptuous man!
He does not, however, make this explicit in the poem. It starts off by asking what allows us to determine the difference between good and bad. The gen'ral Order since the whole began Is kept in Nature, and is kept in Man. Certainly today, we think anybody that writes "poetry" is one who is a bit odd, to say the least. And all that rises, rise in due degree; Then, in the sale of reas'ning life, 'tis plain There must be, somewhere, such a rank as Man. He places his primary examples in those who audaciously judge the work of God and declare one person to be too fortunate and another not fortunate enough.
And so we arrive at the last of Pope's lines. Man, during that brief interlude between birth and death, experiences a "chaos of thought and passion, all confus'd.
In vain thy reason finer webs shall draw; Entangle justice in her net of law; And right, too rigid, harden into wrong, Still for the strong too weak, the weak too strong.
His own philosophical conclusions make this impossible. Pope opens his second Epistle much the same as he opened his first. The passions and imperfections are distributed to all individuals of each order of men in all societies. Found this material Helpful? Love, Hope, and Joy, fair Pleasure's smiling train, Hate, Fear, and Grief, the family of Pain, These mix'd with art, and to due bounds confin'd, Make and maintain the balance of the mind: Pope's theme is again repeated: the two driving forces of man are his reason and his passion.
The third book would discuss politics and religion, while the fourth book was concerned with "private ethics" or "practical morality. They can be crudely constructed or richly made works of art; they are still objects, however. In the ninth stanza, Pope once again puts the pride and greed of man into perspective. Uh Oh There was a problem with your submission. Still as one brood, and as another rose, These natural love maintain'd, habitual those: The last, scarce ripen'd into perfect man, Saw helpless from him whom their life began: Memory and forecast just returns engage; That pointed back to youth, this on to age; While pleasure, gratitude, and hope, combined, Still spread the interest, and preserved the kind.
If the established order of subordination is changed, the destruction is inevitable since everything has its most suitable place. Pope opens his second Epistle much the same as he opened his first. The wish to have what is not designed for us can only make us unhappy and frustrated. It starts off by asking what allows us to determine the difference between good and bad. Retrieved 21 May Internet URLs are the best.
Two Principles in human nature reign; Self-love, to urge, and Reason, to restrain;. Such references in the writings out of the eighteenth century are not strange. It is in the nature of man to first serve himself; but, on account of reason, to do so with the long range in view. However, family connections for human beings extend over a long period, indeed, over a lifetime.