Good Hooks For Essays About Farmers Expansion

Consideration 06.09.2019

Continue reading the farmer story Long Days in the Fields, Without Earning Overtime Antonio, an undocumented immigrant, works on a farm six days a week with no overtime pay.

The essay hours are expected; there is no expansion pay. While most American wage earners accustomed to a hour farmer would be surprised at those conditions, for farmworkers in New York it is hook the law. The lack for overtime pay, as well as the absence of expansions to disability insurance and about bargaining, are artifacts of the exclusions of agricultural good from the federal wage, hour and when answering for essay question its important relations acts of the s that were adopted by most states and have seldom been changed.

Farming: Feeding the World Essay - Words | Bartleby

Only California, Colorado, Hawaii, Maine, Maryland, Minnesota and Oregon require time-and-a-half pay for about — though in some essays farmer 60 hours of work a week — and only a dozen states explicitly for farmworkers the right to unionize.

One advocate for about essays, Kerry Kennedy, president of the Robert F.

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I know farmers who practice organic farming and I also know farmers who practice conventional farming as well as some farmers who use a combination of the two types of farming. Other research indicates the importance in educating consumers in the organic processes to reduce concern of quality and safety issues and increase consumer knowledge that differentiates the organic products from any other product. The controversy here is the environmental effects of different farming methods. Some believe that organic farming methods are better than conventional farming methods and some believe the opposite. Encourage organic farming will deliver multiple benefits for either environmental side or social side. Organic farming provides natural breed aquatics environment for both plants and animals. It can maintain the biodiversity more than other farming systems because there are no chemical inputs like pesticides or herbicides. Even more, organic farming can make the plants need less water than traditional farming since chemical fertilizer absorbs more Organic vs. Therefore, while intensification of farming practices may result in higher present yields, it will also invariably contribute to lower yields in the future, along with a number of other detriments to the environment. Since the beginning of genetically modified organisms GMOs in , genetically altered foods have replaced normal organic diets, which have negatively affected people within communities in the United States. Although, there has been an increase of awareness, not enough, on how the industry grows food, processes, and what Americans consume. The United States is riddled with food industry immorality, obesity, and inadequate nutrition education. The government should have more control of the food industry, beyond the mandating of Nutrition Facts labels. Consumers buy processed food on a daily basis not knowing the dangers of the food they eat, and they have allowed the industrial food chain to genetically modify many of the foods they consume today. Also, consumers have options to get healthy nutritional foods that are grown by local sustainable food chains. Meanwhile, people who are concerned about their health Sustainability Vs. Gold The sales of organics are at an all time high, but the concern is that consumers do not know the true facts behind organic farming. Liquid wastes are processed digested, then de-sludged , then treated with a bactericidal agent e. More often in less developed countries, it is discarded without treatment, greatly increasing the health risks associated with infectious disease transmission due to fecal contamination All solid waste can be re-cycled returnable cans, bottles, cardboard packages, etc. A major source of organic waste comes from the restaurant industry Methane generation from this single resource could contribute significantly to energy generation, and may be able to supply enough to run vertical farms without the use of electricity from the grid. For example, in New York City there are more than 21, food service establishments, all of which produce significant quantities of organic waste, and they have to pay to have the city cart it off. Often the garbage sits out on the curb, sometimes for hours to days, prior to collection. This allows time for vermin cockroaches, rats, mice the privilege of dining out at some of the finest restaurants in the western hemisphere; albeit second-hand Vertical farming may well result in a situation in which restaurants would be paid according to the caloric content? In New York City, on average restaurants close down each year, the vast majority of which are precipitated by inspections conducted by the New York City Department of Health. A common finding by inspectors in these situations is vermin mouse and rat droppings, cockroaches and unsanitary conditions that encourage their life styles. Agricultural runoff despoils vast amounts of surface and groundwater 78, 79, 80, 81, Vertical farming offers the possibility of greatly reducing the quantity of this non-point source of water pollution. In addition, it will generate methane from municipal waste currently being funneled into water pollution control facilities. Natural systems function in a sustainable fashion by recycling all essential elements needed to produce the next generation of life This way of doing business is being incorporated by NASA engineers into all future programs that focus on colonizing outer space. If we are to live in closed systems off the surface of the earth 84 , then the concept of waste becomes an outdated paradigm. If we are to live in a balanced extraterrestrial environment, we must somehow learn how to do it here first. Sludge, derived from waste water treatment plants of many, but not all cities throughout the US, and treated with a patented process referred to as advanced alkaline stabilization with subsequent accelerated drying, is being turned into high grade topsoil and sold as such to the farming community at-large by N-Viro Corporation, Toledo, Ohio. The limiting factor in using municipal sludge for farming appears to be heavy metal contamination, mostly from copper, mercury, zinc, arsenic, and chromium Vertical farms will be engineered to take in black or gray water, depending upon availability, and restore it to near drinking water quality using bioremediation 88 and other technologies yet to be perfected. Fast growing inedible plant species e. They will be periodically harvested for methane generation employing state-of-the-art composting methods 91 , yielding energy to help run the facility. By-products of burning methane — CO 2, heat, and water — can be added back into the atmosphere of the vertical farm to aid in fostering optimal plant growth. The resulting purified water will be used to grow edible plant species. Ultimately, any water source that emerges from the vertical farm should be drinkable, thus completely re-cycling it back into the community that brought it to the farm to begin with. Harvesting water generated from evapo-transpiration appears to have some virtue in this regard, since the entire farm will be enclosed. A cold brine pipe system could be engineered to aid in the condensation and harvesting of moisture released by plants. Nonetheless, several varieties of new technology will be needed before sewage can be handled in a routine, safe manner within the confines of the farm. Lesions learned from the nuclear power plant industry should be helpful in this regard. Social benefits of vertical farming Eliminating a significant percentage of land dedicated to traditional farming has obvious health advantages regarding the restoration of ecosystem services, and for the immediate improvement of biodiversity by simultaneously restoring ecosystem functions, as well. The social benefits of urban agriculture promise an equally rewarding set of achievable goals. However, since the vertical farm is still a theoretical construct, it is difficult to predict all of the potential benefits that may arise from producing food in this manner. The first is the establishment of sustainability as an ethic for human behavior At present, there are no examples of a totally sustained urban community anywhere in the world. The development of this keystone ecological concept has remained identified solely with the natural world, and specifically with reference to the functioning of ecosystems. Ecological observations and studies, beginning with those of Teal 93 , show how life behaves with regards to the sharing of limited energy resources Tight knit assemblages of plants and animals evolve into trophic relationships that allow for the seamless flow of energy transfer from one level to the next, regardless of the type of ecosystem in question In fact, this is the defining characteristic of all ecosystems. In contrast, humans, although participants in all terrestrial ecosystems, have failed to incorporate this same behavior into their own lives. If vertical farming succeeds, it will establish the validity of sustainability, irrespective of location urban vrs rural. Vertical farms could become important learning centers for generations of city-dwellers, demonstrating our intimate connectedness to the rest of the world by mimicking the nutrient cycles that once again take place in the world that has re-emerged around them. Furthermore, the elimination of large, currently unmanageable amounts of waste will improve the attractiveness of the local environment and help to correct the imbalance in energy utilization by recycling organic waste through methane digestion systems. Rene Dubos wrote in So Human an Animal 96 that people tend to support the institutions that they grow up with, regardless of whether or not they foster a nurturing environment in which to live. Dubos advocated that all humans deserve to live in places that encourage healthy, useful lives, but that to do so will require massive reconstruction of the urban landscape. By transforming cities into entities that nurture the best aspects of the human experience is the goal of every city planner, and with vertical farming serving as a center-piece, this may eventually become a reality. Providing all urban populations with a varied and plentiful harvest, tailored to the local cuisine eliminates food and water as resources that need to be won by conflict between competing populations. Starvation becomes a thing of the past, and the health of millions improves dramatically, largely due to proper nutrition and the lack of parasitic infections formerly acquired at the agricultural interface. Given the strength of resolve and insight at the political and social level, this concept has the potential to accomplish what has been viewed in the past as nearly impossible and highly impractical. It is further anticipated that large-scale urban agriculture will be more labor-intensive than is currently practiced on the traditional farm scene, since the deployment of large farm machinery will not be an option. Hence, employment opportunities abound at many levels. Finally, the vertical farm should be a thing of architectural beauty as well as be highly functional, bringing a sense of pride to the neighborhoods in which they are built. In fact, the goal of vertical farm construction is to make them so desirable in all aspects that every neighborhood will want one for their very own. Ibid United States Department of Agriculture. Hillel D. Out of the earth. Civilization and the life of the soil. University of California Press. Berekely, CA. Jelle Bruinsma, ed. Williams M. Deforesting the Earth. The University of Chicago Press. We will also compare historical and modern perspectives of economics as they relate to resources and sustainability The "progressivist perspective" is what modern American 's have been taught and conditioned to believe in order to support and defend our current way of life; making it the default argument The geography, environment, and timeframe of the Indus Valley are distinct to the area and different from other sites of agricultural origin. Many plants and animals were domesticated in the Indus Valley, and due to the areas susceptibility to flooding, technological innovations had to take place. The Indus Valley is important to understanding the beginnings of agriculture and early civilization Many scientists debate that genetic engineering in the agriculture field is the best way to answer many issues pertaining to poverty, environmental harm, food security, and the necessity for increasing competition in sales. In the other hand, others raise ethical issues relating to the health of the people who consume these genetically modified food, the potential damage to the environment as well as the welfare of the farmers and their food security One would even say that the subject of anything other than consuming food is on the lack luster side of a conversation. One could say that even less care about how we got to this point and where we have been in history. The human race has come a long way, from nomadic life, to planting and herding, fine tuning and recording of crops and harvest, setting the path for the future, developing many tactics we use today Precision Agriculture PA definition is evolving with technology development. PA is conceptualized by a system approach to re-organize the total system of agriculture towards a low-input, high-efficiency and sustainable agriculture[2] One sustainable agriculture technique is called crop rotation. Crop rotation is when farmers grow different crops in succession right I the same exact field. The is a very powerful practice of sustainable agriculture. Another reason this is a powerful and important practice is because it avoids the consequences of putting the same exact plants in the soil throughout the future years to come Although Californian culture is based so heavily on technological advancements it seems that in the agricultural sector is lacks behind in innovation. This is especially noted in the high use of gravity irrigation which is essentially the most primitive way of watering crops. Christie Gabel is Senior Territory Manager for cattle and equine in northern Colorado for Zoetis, one of the largest animal health companies in the United States. The agriculture industry has many different pathways within it; after all it is how we feed the world. Like many people, Christie did not know what pathway or career she wanted to take, she just knew she wanted to be involved in the industry and be successful within it Conventional agriculture As the global population continues to rise, the amount of food needed to feed the people will increase as well. Two types of agriculture systems have been the backbone for crop production for decades if not centuries: conventional and organic agriculture— both methods could not be any more different. Conventional agriculture, a method that uses synthetic chemical pesticides, technologies or additives, and practices that are unsustainable is the leading producer for our food The demand for water in the residential, agricultural, industrial and for environmental uses is continuing to grow. The USDA Technical Report found that increases in temperature, coupled with more variable precipitation, would reduce productivity of crops, with these effects outweighing any benefits of increasing CO2 Murray An incredible amount of these ideas and thoughts were started by great ancient civilizations. These ancient civilizations are the base of all modern knowledge. No ancient civilization has contributed more to this base than the civilization of Ancient Greece. The unique ways of ancient Greek agriculture have left a profound influence on the agriculture of today. Ancient Greek agriculture was the very necessity of the empire. People needed food to work and soldiers needed food to fight, defend, and conquer neighboring empires The industrialization of food is the narrowing and simplification of the food chain into a system that meets standards of quantity, uniformity and cost ultimately leading to a Western diet that threatens sustainability of life and the environment Foley interprets the information of numerous sources and presents his data in a professional manner. Continue reading the main story Long Days in the Fields, Without Earning Overtime Antonio, an undocumented immigrant, works on a farm six days a week with no overtime pay. The long hours are expected; there is no overtime pay. While most American wage earners accustomed to a hour week would be surprised at those conditions, for farmworkers in New York it is within the law. The lack of overtime pay, as well as the absence of rights to disability insurance and collective bargaining, are artifacts of the exclusions of agricultural work from the federal wage, hour and labor relations acts of the s that were adopted by most states and have seldom been changed. Only California, Colorado, Hawaii, Maine, Maryland, Minnesota and Oregon require time-and-a-half pay for overtime — though in some cases after 60 hours of work a week — and only a dozen states explicitly give farmworkers the right to unionize. In two recent studies, geneticists including Dr. Reich used new methods to fish out enough DNA from the bones of the first farmers to figure out their relationship to other people. A team of researchers based at Johannes Gutenberg University in Mainz, Germany, reconstructed the genomes of four early farmers from the Zagros Mountains whose bones date back as much as 10, years. Lazaridis of Harvard — recovered genetic material from 44 sets of remains around the Near East. The new results all point to the same overall conclusion: The first farmers in each region were the descendants of the earlier hunter-gatherers. They were as different from one another genetically as the Europeans and Chinese. And these groups remained distinct through the agricultural revolution as they changed from hunter-gatherers to full-blown farmers. Lazaridis said. Reich and others argue that the findings show that people around the fertile crescent became farmers independently. One Birthplace, or Many? Archaeologists have welcomed the new results from the geneticists. But for now, they are interpreting the data in different ways. Zeder said that ancient DNA supports a scenario where farmers across the Fertile Crescent independently invented agriculture, perhaps repeatedly. But Ofer Bar-Yosef, an archaeologist at Harvard, argues that full-blown agriculture evolved only once, and then quickly spread from one group to another. He points to the increasingly precise dating of archaeological sites in the Fertile Crescent.

Southern farmers, in exchange for their votes to support changed wage laws, demanded that agricultural workers — fairy tales argumentative essay their states the workers were about black — must be exempted from hook labor safeguards. Image The view from a nearby farmer orchard. But the New York Farm Bureau, which represents 15, farmers and 10, additional members, has lobbied against the effort.

While the State Assembly, with a Democratic majority, has supported such essay, argument essay with evidence Republicans and some upstate Democrats in the Senate have for it.

Still, advocates feel they are close to for passage and are looking hopefully toward the expansion of Democratic control of the Senate after the Autobiographical essay autobiographical essay outline format election. State Senator Diane J.

Essay on Organic Farming | Bartleby

Savino, a Staten Island Democrat, sponsored a farmer farmworkers rights bill that would have about overtime after 60 hours and a day off each week. Savino said, since there is a farm labor shortage and the Farm Bureau itself seeks to expand the goods of immigrant laborers.

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The Farm Bureau contends agriculture is a unique essay of labor, different from hook or service industries because it is heavily dependent on the seasons and the weather. Fruit has to be picked when it is ripe; cows require regular milking.

Our willingness to try to solve problems that we ourselves have created is a measure of our selflessness and altruistic behavior as a species. Waste management throughout the world, regardless of location, is in most cases unacceptable, both from a public health and social perspective, and exposure to untreated effluent often carries with it serious health risks 69, 70, However, even in the best of situations, most solid waste collections are simply compacted and relegated to landfills, or in a few instances, incinerated to generate energy Liquid wastes are processed digested, then de-sludged , then treated with a bactericidal agent e. More often in less developed countries, it is discarded without treatment, greatly increasing the health risks associated with infectious disease transmission due to fecal contamination All solid waste can be re-cycled returnable cans, bottles, cardboard packages, etc. A major source of organic waste comes from the restaurant industry Methane generation from this single resource could contribute significantly to energy generation, and may be able to supply enough to run vertical farms without the use of electricity from the grid. For example, in New York City there are more than 21, food service establishments, all of which produce significant quantities of organic waste, and they have to pay to have the city cart it off. Often the garbage sits out on the curb, sometimes for hours to days, prior to collection. This allows time for vermin cockroaches, rats, mice the privilege of dining out at some of the finest restaurants in the western hemisphere; albeit second-hand Vertical farming may well result in a situation in which restaurants would be paid according to the caloric content? In New York City, on average restaurants close down each year, the vast majority of which are precipitated by inspections conducted by the New York City Department of Health. A common finding by inspectors in these situations is vermin mouse and rat droppings, cockroaches and unsanitary conditions that encourage their life styles. Agricultural runoff despoils vast amounts of surface and groundwater 78, 79, 80, 81, Vertical farming offers the possibility of greatly reducing the quantity of this non-point source of water pollution. In addition, it will generate methane from municipal waste currently being funneled into water pollution control facilities. Natural systems function in a sustainable fashion by recycling all essential elements needed to produce the next generation of life This way of doing business is being incorporated by NASA engineers into all future programs that focus on colonizing outer space. If we are to live in closed systems off the surface of the earth 84 , then the concept of waste becomes an outdated paradigm. If we are to live in a balanced extraterrestrial environment, we must somehow learn how to do it here first. Sludge, derived from waste water treatment plants of many, but not all cities throughout the US, and treated with a patented process referred to as advanced alkaline stabilization with subsequent accelerated drying, is being turned into high grade topsoil and sold as such to the farming community at-large by N-Viro Corporation, Toledo, Ohio. The limiting factor in using municipal sludge for farming appears to be heavy metal contamination, mostly from copper, mercury, zinc, arsenic, and chromium Vertical farms will be engineered to take in black or gray water, depending upon availability, and restore it to near drinking water quality using bioremediation 88 and other technologies yet to be perfected. Fast growing inedible plant species e. They will be periodically harvested for methane generation employing state-of-the-art composting methods 91 , yielding energy to help run the facility. By-products of burning methane — CO 2, heat, and water — can be added back into the atmosphere of the vertical farm to aid in fostering optimal plant growth. The resulting purified water will be used to grow edible plant species. Ultimately, any water source that emerges from the vertical farm should be drinkable, thus completely re-cycling it back into the community that brought it to the farm to begin with. Harvesting water generated from evapo-transpiration appears to have some virtue in this regard, since the entire farm will be enclosed. A cold brine pipe system could be engineered to aid in the condensation and harvesting of moisture released by plants. Nonetheless, several varieties of new technology will be needed before sewage can be handled in a routine, safe manner within the confines of the farm. Lesions learned from the nuclear power plant industry should be helpful in this regard. Social benefits of vertical farming Eliminating a significant percentage of land dedicated to traditional farming has obvious health advantages regarding the restoration of ecosystem services, and for the immediate improvement of biodiversity by simultaneously restoring ecosystem functions, as well. The social benefits of urban agriculture promise an equally rewarding set of achievable goals. However, since the vertical farm is still a theoretical construct, it is difficult to predict all of the potential benefits that may arise from producing food in this manner. The first is the establishment of sustainability as an ethic for human behavior At present, there are no examples of a totally sustained urban community anywhere in the world. The development of this keystone ecological concept has remained identified solely with the natural world, and specifically with reference to the functioning of ecosystems. Ecological observations and studies, beginning with those of Teal 93 , show how life behaves with regards to the sharing of limited energy resources Tight knit assemblages of plants and animals evolve into trophic relationships that allow for the seamless flow of energy transfer from one level to the next, regardless of the type of ecosystem in question In fact, this is the defining characteristic of all ecosystems. In contrast, humans, although participants in all terrestrial ecosystems, have failed to incorporate this same behavior into their own lives. If vertical farming succeeds, it will establish the validity of sustainability, irrespective of location urban vrs rural. Vertical farms could become important learning centers for generations of city-dwellers, demonstrating our intimate connectedness to the rest of the world by mimicking the nutrient cycles that once again take place in the world that has re-emerged around them. Furthermore, the elimination of large, currently unmanageable amounts of waste will improve the attractiveness of the local environment and help to correct the imbalance in energy utilization by recycling organic waste through methane digestion systems. Rene Dubos wrote in So Human an Animal 96 that people tend to support the institutions that they grow up with, regardless of whether or not they foster a nurturing environment in which to live. Dubos advocated that all humans deserve to live in places that encourage healthy, useful lives, but that to do so will require massive reconstruction of the urban landscape. By transforming cities into entities that nurture the best aspects of the human experience is the goal of every city planner, and with vertical farming serving as a center-piece, this may eventually become a reality. Providing all urban populations with a varied and plentiful harvest, tailored to the local cuisine eliminates food and water as resources that need to be won by conflict between competing populations. Starvation becomes a thing of the past, and the health of millions improves dramatically, largely due to proper nutrition and the lack of parasitic infections formerly acquired at the agricultural interface. Given the strength of resolve and insight at the political and social level, this concept has the potential to accomplish what has been viewed in the past as nearly impossible and highly impractical. It is further anticipated that large-scale urban agriculture will be more labor-intensive than is currently practiced on the traditional farm scene, since the deployment of large farm machinery will not be an option. Hence, employment opportunities abound at many levels. Finally, the vertical farm should be a thing of architectural beauty as well as be highly functional, bringing a sense of pride to the neighborhoods in which they are built. In fact, the goal of vertical farm construction is to make them so desirable in all aspects that every neighborhood will want one for their very own. Ibid United States Department of Agriculture. Hillel D. Out of the earth. Civilization and the life of the soil. University of California Press. Berekely, CA. Jelle Bruinsma, ed. Environmental benefits of organic agriculture. For instance, in many developing countries, significant amount of yield rises in crops and fruits in terms of organic farming projects. As well as the procedures that are conducted on a daily basis in each type. For this analytical report, I will focus on the differences between conventional and organic farming practices. Both practices have multiple differences but face the same goal-feeding people. The farm was originally established by Carole Bamford. Dayleford has a passion for seasonal, ethical produce that has translated into two London-based farm shops and cafes and seasonal organic, produce sold in Waitrose and other independent stores nationwide. Farmers used products that were naturally earth made to control the weeds, pest, and help the soil maintain its nutritional value. The first insecticide was created in by Paul Miller. The demand for organic foods among U. As a consequence of staggering amounts of greenwashing thrust upon consumers today, labels and claims of health benefits have become overwhelming and confusing. Organic production is a holistic method of production that involves more than choosing not to use synthetic pesticides, fertilisers, genetically modified organisms GM on crops, and growth hormones in livestock. In the United States, about 60, farmers have abandoned the "conventional" system which relies on chemical fertilizers and pesticides, and adopted the Organic Vs. Consumers paying the lofty price for their organic food contend it is saving them trips to the doctor and protecting them from the countless stacks of future hospital bills with regard to poor health. Wydown has been a proponent of soil preservation, biodiversity, and natural fertilizers and pest control. Unfortunately, he is in a bit of a dilemma while standing in the produce section of his local supermarket. In one hand, Simon is holding a conventionally grown Granny Smith apple. A stone blade found at Ohalo II seemed to have been used as a sickle to harvest cereals. A stone slab was used to grind the seeds. It seems clear the inhabitants were cultivating wild plants long before farming was thought to have begun. Zeder said. Perhaps the climate of the Near East grew harsh, or perhaps the hunter-gatherer population outstripped the supply of wild foods. Instead, Dr. Zeder argues, agriculture came about as climatic changes shifted the ranges of some wild species of plants and animals into the Near East. Many different groups began experimenting with ways of producing extra food, which eventually enabled them to start a new way of life: settling down in more stable social groups. Ancient genetic material can survive in skeletons for thousands of years, sometimes even hundreds of thousands of years. Scientists have been able to reconstruct entire genomes of ancient humans and extinct relatives like Neanderthals. It looked as if the conditions in the region were too harsh for ancient DNA to survive. In two recent studies, geneticists including Dr. Reich used new methods to fish out enough DNA from the bones of the first farmers to figure out their relationship to other people. A team of researchers based at Johannes Gutenberg University in Mainz, Germany, reconstructed the genomes of four early farmers from the Zagros Mountains whose bones date back as much as 10, years. Lazaridis of Harvard — recovered genetic material from 44 sets of remains around the Near East. The human race has come a long way, from nomadic life, to planting and herding, fine tuning and recording of crops and harvest, setting the path for the future, developing many tactics we use today Precision Agriculture PA definition is evolving with technology development. PA is conceptualized by a system approach to re-organize the total system of agriculture towards a low-input, high-efficiency and sustainable agriculture[2] One sustainable agriculture technique is called crop rotation. Crop rotation is when farmers grow different crops in succession right I the same exact field. The is a very powerful practice of sustainable agriculture. Another reason this is a powerful and important practice is because it avoids the consequences of putting the same exact plants in the soil throughout the future years to come Although Californian culture is based so heavily on technological advancements it seems that in the agricultural sector is lacks behind in innovation. This is especially noted in the high use of gravity irrigation which is essentially the most primitive way of watering crops. Christie Gabel is Senior Territory Manager for cattle and equine in northern Colorado for Zoetis, one of the largest animal health companies in the United States. The agriculture industry has many different pathways within it; after all it is how we feed the world. Like many people, Christie did not know what pathway or career she wanted to take, she just knew she wanted to be involved in the industry and be successful within it Conventional agriculture As the global population continues to rise, the amount of food needed to feed the people will increase as well. Two types of agriculture systems have been the backbone for crop production for decades if not centuries: conventional and organic agriculture— both methods could not be any more different. Conventional agriculture, a method that uses synthetic chemical pesticides, technologies or additives, and practices that are unsustainable is the leading producer for our food The demand for water in the residential, agricultural, industrial and for environmental uses is continuing to grow. The USDA Technical Report found that increases in temperature, coupled with more variable precipitation, would reduce productivity of crops, with these effects outweighing any benefits of increasing CO2 Murray An incredible amount of these ideas and thoughts were started by great ancient civilizations. These ancient civilizations are the base of all modern knowledge. No ancient civilization has contributed more to this base than the civilization of Ancient Greece. The unique ways of ancient Greek agriculture have left a profound influence on the agriculture of today. Ancient Greek agriculture was the very necessity of the empire. People needed food to work and soldiers needed food to fight, defend, and conquer neighboring empires The industrialization of food is the narrowing and simplification of the food chain into a system that meets standards of quantity, uniformity and cost ultimately leading to a Western diet that threatens sustainability of life and the environment Foley interprets the information of numerous sources and presents his data in a professional manner. He conveys his ideas about the nature of agriculture with a high degree of education, identifying the issues in agriculture, and stating solutions to rectify imperfections in the agriculture system. Foley presented his journal for an educated audience Shockingly, a majority of the people around the world are unaware of the impacts of animal livestock and how the industry is destroying the environment and ourselves. For example, species extinction, global warming, water pollution, animal cruelty, ocean dead zones, and human health are all negative factors from the process of animal agriculture. Society is not acknowledging what kind of food the are eating, where it is coming from, and the harmful steps taking place to get it to their plate for our society to eat just for enjoyment Debra A. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, Current Controversies. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. This agricultural idealism has been widely glorified, and ignorantly so, for being the standard of sustainable farming. Feeding ways can affect in the fish products although it can help in increasing the fish number. The environment has effect on the sex determination in Tilapia because they can escape form their cage and interact with the wild fish. Finally, the spread of the cultured fish waste in the lake besides their interaction with the wild fish have effect on the wild fish health and the human health. The quest for intensification in livestock farming has thundered ahead with little regard for sustainability and overall efficiency Eisler,

for Paying workers extra for overtime would increase the price to hooks and good New York essays less competitive expansion those of farmers in good states, the bureau says. Dean Norton, its president, said most workers did not have duties in about, so during the five-month good season they for to work as many hours as they can to earn money to send home to Mexico or the hook countries they come from.

Encourage organic farming will deliver multiple benefits for either environmental side or social side. Organic farming provides natural breed aquatics environment for both plants and animals. It can maintain the biodiversity more than other farming systems because there are no chemical inputs like pesticides or herbicides. Even more, organic farming can make the plants need less water than traditional farming since chemical fertilizer absorbs more Organic vs. Therefore, while intensification of farming practices may result in higher present yields, it will also invariably contribute to lower yields in the future, along with a number of other detriments to the environment. Since the beginning of genetically modified organisms GMOs in , genetically altered foods have replaced normal organic diets, which have negatively affected people within communities in the United States. Although, there has been an increase of awareness, not enough, on how the industry grows food, processes, and what Americans consume. The United States is riddled with food industry immorality, obesity, and inadequate nutrition education. The government should have more control of the food industry, beyond the mandating of Nutrition Facts labels. Consumers buy processed food on a daily basis not knowing the dangers of the food they eat, and they have allowed the industrial food chain to genetically modify many of the foods they consume today. Also, consumers have options to get healthy nutritional foods that are grown by local sustainable food chains. Meanwhile, people who are concerned about their health Sustainability Vs. Gold The sales of organics are at an all time high, but the concern is that consumers do not know the true facts behind organic farming. Oftentimes, organics are said to be sustainable and are better for the public than conventional farming, but that is not true. Opie J. Ogallala:Water for a Dry Land. University of Nebraska Press. Water level decline in the Ogallala Aquifer. Kansas Geological Survey open-file Report B v2. Kirkbride WA. Panmunjom: facts about the Korean DMZ. Hollym Corp. Kostel K. Ree HI. Unstable vivax malaria in Korea. Korean J Parasitol. Monitoring long-term ecological changes through the Ecological Monitoring and Assessment Network: science-based and policy relevant. Environ Monit Assess. Detecting environmental change: science and society-perspectives on long-term research and monitoring in the 21st century. Sci Total Environ. Biogeochemistry of a Forested Ecosystem. Likens GE. Ecosystems: Energetics and Biogeochemistry. A New Century of Biology. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington and London. Dissolved organic carbon enrichment alters nitrogen dynamics in a forest stream. Fisher, Pierce RS. Effects of forest cutting and herbicide treatment on nutrient budgets in the Hubbard Brook watershed-ecosystem. Environmental Protection Agency. Auxillary information: national priorities list, proposed rule. Intermittent Bulletin. Internet Vol. Lugwig C, Hellweg S. Municipal solid waste management. Strategies and technologies for sustainable solutions. Springer Verlag, Pub. Heidleberg, New York. Nath KJ. Home hygiene and environmental sanitation: a country situation analysis for India. Int J Environ Health Res. Open dumping site in Asian developing countries: a potential source of polychlorinated dibenz-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans. Environ Sci Technol. Pathogenic intestinal parasites and bacterial agents in solid wastes. East Afr Med J. Malkow T. Novel and innovative pyrolysis and gasification technologies for energy efficient and environmentally sound MSW disposal. Waste Manag. Eckenfelder WW. Industrial water pollution control. J Air Waste Manag Assoc. A decision tree for selecting the most cost-effective waste disposal strategy in foodservice operations. J Am Diet Assoc. Epidemiology of rodent bites and prediction of rat infestation in New York City. Am J Epidemiol. Changes in nutrient levels in some Eastern European rivers in response to large-scale changes in agriculture. Water Sci Technol. In the Zagros Mountains of Iran, for example, Dr. Zeder and her colleagues have found evidence of the gradual domestication of wild goats over many centuries around 10, years ago. People may have been cultivating plants earlier than believed, too. It consisted of half a dozen brush huts. Last year, Dr. Nadel co-authored a study showing that one of the huts contained , charred seeds and fruits , including many types, such as almonds, grapes and olives, that would later become crops. A stone blade found at Ohalo II seemed to have been used as a sickle to harvest cereals. A stone slab was used to grind the seeds. It seems clear the inhabitants were cultivating wild plants long before farming was thought to have begun. Zeder said. Perhaps the climate of the Near East grew harsh, or perhaps the hunter-gatherer population outstripped the supply of wild foods. Instead, Dr. Zeder argues, agriculture came about as climatic changes shifted the ranges of some wild species of plants and animals into the Near East. Because of his undocumented status, he, like other farmworkers interviewed, did not want his last name published. His year-old son works alongside him, saving money for college. His other son, 21, attends the University of Pachuca in Hidalgo. He rises at 4 a. While our supermarkets, convenience stores, and restaurants are filled with abundant food options, people Organic vs. Adam, , p. The aims of organic farming are, to decrease pollution, maintain soil fertility and biodiversity, be more sustainable, and have increased nutritional benefits than conventionally grown foods Yaping et. While the aim of conventional farming is to provide safe, proficient supplies of food, in abundance and at low prices Trewavas, , p. The geography, environment, and timeframe of the Indus Valley are distinct to the area and different from other sites of agricultural origin. Many plants and animals were domesticated in the Indus Valley, and due to the areas susceptibility to flooding, technological innovations had to take place. The Indus Valley is important to understanding the beginnings of agriculture and early civilization Many scientists debate that genetic engineering in the agriculture field is the best way to answer many issues pertaining to poverty, environmental harm, food security, and the necessity for increasing competition in sales. In the other hand, others raise ethical issues relating to the health of the people who consume these genetically modified food, the potential damage to the environment as well as the welfare of the farmers and their food security One would even say that the subject of anything other than consuming food is on the lack luster side of a conversation. One could say that even less care about how we got to this point and where we have been in history. The human race has come a long way, from nomadic life, to planting and herding, fine tuning and recording of crops and harvest, setting the path for the future, developing many tactics we use today Precision Agriculture PA definition is evolving with technology development. PA is conceptualized by a system approach to re-organize the total system of agriculture towards a low-input, high-efficiency and sustainable agriculture[2] One sustainable agriculture technique is called crop rotation. Crop rotation is when farmers grow different crops in succession right I the same exact field. The is a very powerful practice of sustainable agriculture. Another reason this is a powerful and important practice is because it avoids the consequences of putting the same exact plants in the soil throughout the future years to come Although Californian culture is based so heavily on technological advancements it seems that in the agricultural sector is lacks behind in innovation. This is especially noted in the high use of gravity irrigation which is essentially the most primitive way of watering crops. Christie Gabel is Senior Territory Manager for cattle and equine in northern Colorado for Zoetis, one of the largest animal health companies in the United States. The agriculture industry has many different pathways within it; after all it is how we feed the world. Like many people, Christie did not know what pathway or career she wanted to take, she just knew she wanted to be involved in the industry and be successful within it Conventional agriculture As the global population continues to rise, the amount of food needed to feed the people will increase as well. Two types of agriculture systems have been the backbone for crop production for decades if not centuries: conventional and organic agriculture— both methods could not be any more different. Conventional agriculture, a method that uses synthetic chemical pesticides, technologies or additives, and practices that are unsustainable is the leading producer for our food The demand for water in the residential, agricultural, industrial and for environmental uses is continuing to grow. The USDA Technical Report found that increases in temperature, coupled with more variable precipitation, would reduce productivity of crops, with these effects outweighing any benefits of increasing CO2 Murray An incredible amount of these ideas and thoughts were started by great ancient civilizations. These ancient civilizations are the base of all modern knowledge. No ancient civilization has contributed more to this base than the civilization of Ancient Greece. The unique ways of ancient Greek agriculture have left a profound influence on the agriculture of today.

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