As mentioned, land should be near to markets, and if not, different buyers should be identified who require a constant supply of milk. Process and expenses After setting up the requisite infrastructure for the long run, at an approximate cost of Rs. This can be reduced depending upon the efficiency of the producer. One animal gives around 10 liters of milk every day using a yearly average. Which means 20 animals will give. And if the land is near the markets and a producer can sell the milk at around 45 per liter, he would get Rs.
This profit can be increased, if one can reduce the cost per animal by getting chara and transport facilities at low cost.
Keep in mind that this profit can be achieved only if the land is in suburbs of main cities or near markets. It is advisable the animals should be crossed by specific time intervals because after a year, milking capacity of animals is reduced.
By crossing at proper intervals, one can retain the milk production capacity and can also increase the herd size. Moreover, for a long run business, it is advisable to save an amount of profit and from that saving; one should keep increasing the herd size. If a person has saved Rs. And from this amount he cans double the production capacity by the next year.
One can also use machines for the milking process and chiller vans for transportation of milk without reducing its quality. Milking machines and chiller vans should be bought by making a feasibility assessment of costs versus benefits and the effects on the profit margins.
Selection of animals with excellent body condition and udder health: average daily milk production of 8 liters or above for buffaloes and 12 liters or above for cows in 2nd or 3rd lactation, essentially with no disease history. Housing: Good housing leads to good management practices and ultimately optimum production. Generally, housing should is: Less expensive Well ventilated, comfortable and dry with hygienic environment Equipped with easy drainage system and mechanism for removal of dung urine and waste material Protected from extreme environmental conditions Having maximum sun exposure: axis of length to be east to west Available with feed and water for 24 hours Planned so that future expansion may be possible when required Feeding: Milking animal should be fed 1 kg of concentrate feed per 3 liters of milk produced; hence animal with 10 liters of milk production would be offered Additionally, urea molasses blocks and salt blocks can help in better milk production.
After that, green fodder should be added to its feeding plan Watering: Supply of clean drinking water in clean troughs i. Breeding: Efficient and timely Artificial Insemination AI of good genetic worth is a key to success in good breeding programs of herd.
The detection of heat in buffaloes should be given special attention as they do not show signs of heat silent heat. Calving: Pregnant animals should be given special attention in third trimester of pregnancy and should be separated in pregnancy pens, if possible.
Veterinary assistance should be sought out in case of emergency. Calf care and heifer management is very important in maintaining dairy farm production. Storage: Proper storage of milk should be done preferably at temperature of 4 c. Disease management: De-worming for endoparasitic infestations is necessary in calves born at farm.
Timely vaccination against infectious diseases should be done as a prophylactic measure. The average weight at maturity for the male is kg and kg for the female. The purchase price of a buffalo in second lactation on average is Rs 90, The price of an animal depends upon its body configuration condition , previous production and the production of its ancestors especially dam.
The price of buffalo is higher in the summer and the monsoon season while lower in winter. Milch animals in second or third lactation are preferred, as the probability of increase in milk production is higher. The Sahiwal is one of the best dairy breeds in Pakistan. It is tick-resistant, heat-tolerant and noted for its high resistance to parasites, both internal and external.
Cows much higher milk yields have been recorded. Due to their heat tolerance and high milk production they have been exported to other Asian countries as well as Africa and the Caribbean.
The Red Sindhi originated in the Sindh but due to its hardiness, heat resistance and high milk yields they have spread into many parts of India and at least 33 countries in Asia, Africa, Oceania and the Americas.
They are normally a deep, rich red color but this can vary from a yellowish brown to dark brown. Males are darker than females and when mature may be almost black on the extremities, such as the head, feet and tail. The Tharparkar breed is used for milk production and as draft animals.
The cows have an average weight of kg. The Holstein cow originated in Europe. The major historical development of this breed occured in Netherland and more specifically in the two northern provinces of North Holland and Friesland.Employees On average one employee is required for every a producer can sell the milk at around 45. So, on average 3 persons are required for 20 kg and kg for the female. And if the land is near the markets and the cost per animal by getting chara and transport facilities at low cost.
Major Requirements For a start, it is recommended to have 20 animals 15 buffaloes and 5 cows Shed A proper shed will be required with its surrounding infrastructure. Out breeding combined with selection is an important tool for improvement in total production of herd. Timely vaccination against infectious diseases should be done as a prophylactic measure. If the land is not in the suburbs of cities or main markets, chiller tanks would be required for storage of milk without reducing the quality. Ration for Dairy Animals The ration is allowance of nutritionally balanced feed in 24 hours.
Pakistanis the 4th largest producer of milk in the world with a total production of 28 billion liters of milk a year. Holsteins are large, stylish animals with color patterns of black and white or red and white. Land A land of around 50 kanals would be required which would include the shed, proper arrangement of water and area to dump and to grow Chara. This system brings about immediate improvement in milk production in next generation. These markets operate on rotational basis in a week, or once a month. They are normally a deep, rich red color but this can vary from a yellowish brown to dark brown.
Holstein heifers can be bred at 15 months of age, when they weigh about kgs body weight between 24 and 27 months of age. Housing: Good housing leads to good management practices and ultimately optimum production. One can also use machines for the milking process and chiller vans for transportation of milk without reducing its quality. Disease management: De-worming for endoparasitic infestations is necessary in calves born at farm. It includes dry matter 17 Pre-Feasibility Study Dairy Farm 25 Animals and concentrate to increase animal productivity. Land A land of around 50 kanals would be required which would include the shed, proper arrangement of water and area to dump and to grow Chara.
Also the initial cost can be reduced by utilizing existing infrastructure, rather than setting up own infrastructure. The target clients for a dairy farm business include; domestic consumers, milk contractors and suppliers, milk collection and processing companies and dairy products manufacturing companies. Calving: Pregnant animals should be given special attention in third trimester of pregnancy and should be separated in pregnancy pens, if possible. Potential Clientele If the land is near the markets or main cities, there are numerous clients of this business. And from this amount he cans double the production capacity by the next year.
The average weight at maturity for the male is kg and kg for the female. When animals belonging to two different breeds are involved, the mating is called crossbreeding. Housing: Good housing leads to good management practices and ultimately optimum production.