But remember, the top professional journals are exceedingly competitive. Avoid the Passive Voice: If you are unfamiliar with the passive voice, start by reading a basic overview. See Why Cite? When critics highlight the same element of the text that you focus on, for instance the ending of a play, the entrance to a building, the color scheme in a movie , their attention can serve as evidence that the component is significant, even as you use your paper to argue for a different interpretation. There are a two things you can look for in your editing process that, when addressed, will markedly improve the quality of your paper: Fix Confusing Passages: When it comes to your writing style, simpler is better.
Depending on the course, academic papers can analyze movies, commercials, buildings, magazine advertisements, popular songs, or dialogue recorded on a city bus. Helen Ball, editorial board of Journal of Human Lactation 16 Think about how quickly you want to see your paper published Some journals rank more highly than others and so your risk of rejection is going to be greater. It goes without saying that if you want your work to be seriously considered by any publisher, you need to rely almost exclusively on academic references forget Wikipedia and other stand-alone websites.
But when you write about stem cells for a Biomedical Engineering class, your teachers and classmates are considered more expert than the average non-scientist reader. One of the things you see in general journals is that the theoretical framework is often divided into two sections, precisely because general journals want papers that speak to multiple audiences.
Every source must be questioned for its stake in the material. But they may still identify key elements of the topic that require attention. Bio Victoria Reyes is a sociologist whose work examines how culture shapes global inequality. For example, for a City and Community article, I created a section dedicated just to explaining the history of the Subic Bay Freeport Zone in the Philippines, because it was background that my readers needed to understand the data but not part of my results. This section contains the meat of the paper, where you present the findings from your work, and you should keep two points in mind. Helen Ball, editorial board of Journal of Human Lactation 16 Think about how quickly you want to see your paper published Some journals rank more highly than others and so your risk of rejection is going to be greater.
Brian Lucey, editor, International Review of Financial Analysis 5 Get published by writing a review or a response Writing reviews is a good way to get published - especially for people who are in the early stages of their career. But this does not mean that all popular sources are of equal reliability.
A scholarly, peer-reviewed article will have an objective point of view and logical, argumentative tone with many citations to published research that support its claims. If you're not sure which kind of periodical you want or you're not sure which periodical index to use, or if you want help searching, ask a reference librarian. The writing stage 1 Focus on a story that progresses logically, rather than chronologically Take some time before even writing your paper to think about the logic of the presentation. If the journal is available in electronic form, there will be a link or links int the box labelled "Availability" in the catalog record.
The result will be a much stronger paper. See Databases for more information. But when you write about stem cells for a Biomedical Engineering class, your teachers and classmates are considered more expert than the average non-scientist reader. Depending on the research context, some projects will permit a mix of scholarly and popular sources.
Discussion or conclusion. First, make sure that your results speak to the theoretical and empirical questions that your paper raises in the front half -- in other words, that your paper is cohesive throughout. Ideally look through a number of recent issues to ensure that it is publishing articles on the same topic and that are of similar quality and impact.
Particularly in non-scientific writing, overuse of the passive voice can lead to writing that is unnecessarily verbose, indirect, and lacking in specificity. Nevertheless, establishing a record of publication is essential if you intend to pursue a career as an academic or scientific researcher. Finally, you should note the broader contributions and implications of the piece. In any case, there is a good chance that they will be familiar with any article you reference from the journal.
You should understand the function of each section and write accordingly.
Referencing these articles within your own work will show reviewers that you have a good understanding of the field. When critics highlight the same element of the text that you focus on, for instance the ending of a play, the entrance to a building, the color scheme in a movie , their attention can serve as evidence that the component is significant, even as you use your paper to argue for a different interpretation. Second, you need to identify how your paper addresses that problem.