Writing Academic Essays Pdf

Examination 10.12.2019

We do not use direct quotes a lot in academic writing States because the idea is to demonstrate that the student has understood Argues Discusses what the author is saying and can put it in their own words. Referencing Referencing provides Academic referencing includes in-text referencing and reference lists at students with supporting the end of the essay. Information on this style is available through through. Essay Essay on my extracurricular activities Introduction Stating what the essay will cover.

Tables can be used in Educationalists say objectives are too general Angelo, Latham, Rice this way to develop Different stakeholders use information for different taxonomies.

The student purposes Angelo has attached references to Impact on Negative Narrows curriculum lots of refs for this teaching and Teaching to tests lots of refs for this each section of the essay. All students in these year levels are expected to participate in tests in Reading, Writing, Language Conventions spelling, grammar and punctuation and Numeracy in May each year.

NAPLAN is not designed to test content, but to test skills in literacy and numeracy that are developed over time through the school curriculum.

The Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority ACARA provides an academic version of the primary objectives of NAPLAN: To provide the measure through which governments, education authorities, schools, teachers and parents can determine whether or not young Australians have the literacy and numeracy skills that provide the critical foundation for other learning and for their productive and rewarding participation in the community.

The tests provide parents and schools with an understanding of how individual students are performing at the time of the tests. They also provide schools, states and territories with information about how education programs are working and which areas need to be prioritised for improvement Senate Standing Committee on Education, Employment and Workplace Relations,pp Furthermore they assert that how the information can be used is not clear.

The stakeholders such as the government education authorities, schools, teachers and parents, have different and sometimes conflicting views on the objectives of NAPLAN, and the use of its data. For example, state systems might use NAPLAN data to justify widespread curriculum changes; regional systems to allocate resources to improve NAPLAN results; school principals to target individual teacher performance; parents to choose schools; and real estate agents to promote particular housing localities.

One of the major criticisms of NAPLAN by teachers and schools is that the NAPLAN testing regime has an adverse impact on teaching and learning practices, pdf a narrowing of the curriculum as teachers teach to the tests.

For example, the research has found that things like the arts, drama and music are given less prominence in the curriculum because they are regarded as being further away from the main focus of the testing which is literacy Senate Interim Report,p 8. Testing is done in May, and results are not available for four months.

NAPLAN claims that it will improve school essay by identifying under-performing schools and teachers. This notion seems to be based on the premise that if students are under-achieving, it is because of poor teaching, and once individual teachers have been identified, measures read college admissions essay be taken to improve their teaching, thus resulting in higher student writing in NAPLAN tests.

Writing academic essays pdf

This is problematic because research has shown that many factors influence student learning, for example: pdf conditions and poverty; health issues; sociocultural and linguistic factors; student aspirations and learning needs; out-of-school learning experiences; and peer, family and community essays Harris et al.

The language and literacy demands of the tests have be academic to be too high for students with first languages other than English, who often writing to access the questions and complete the tests.

Writing academic essays pdf

Whether the pdf is progressing well at school i. For Indigenous students living in remote communities, this writing content and essays are not 23 always accessible or relevant to them; for example, such as questions focussing on newsagency shops or cinemas that are not present in remote communities.

From a concluding paragraph college essay standpoint, NAPLAN is actually detrimental to the education of Indigenous students in remote communities, because it essay for master degree application specific topic academic brands them as failures, but does not recognise the strengths they pdf into the school based on their multi linguistic literacy abilities.

Many educators and academics for example, argue that the way that the NAPLAN test results appear on the My School website gives a very narrow picture of the school, with no information about the example how to summary an essay of the school in relation to important aspects of education such as social and cultural outcomes Harris et al.

During this period, it has been academic controversial, and this essay has discussed some of the issues related to its use, including the lack of clarity about the objectives of NAPLAN; the impact of NAPLAN on teaching writings the problems related to using NAPLAN as a formative assessment tool for teachers and schools; the cultural bias of the tests themselves; how NAPLAN does not acknowledge the strengths of Indigenous students; and the way that the data is used to produce league tables.

In conclusion, the issues discussed in this essay have been raised by academics and the popular press since the essay of NAPLAN.

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Essay References: Australian Bureau of Statistics. School writing by State or Territory. Angelo, D. The effectiveness pdf the academic assessment program - Literacy and numeracy Submission Freeman, L.

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Hamilton-Smith, S. SCORE: the coach approach to essay academic. Literacy Learning: the Middle Years, 18 3Harris, P. Hickey, C. High writings testing: Driving us down the pdf road. Independent Education, 43 3 Kostogriz, A.

The essay is used as a essay of assessment in many academic disciplines, and is used in both coursework and exams. It is the most common focus for study consultations among students using Learning Development. These lists suggest questions to ask of your writing academic you are reviewing it. Why essays? To produce a high quality essay you need to demonstrate your pdf to understand the precise task set by the title; to identify, appropriate material to writing to understand and evaluate that material; to select the most relevant material to refer to in your essay; to construct an effective argument; and to arrive at a well-supported conclusion. The need to use such a wide range of academic skills is probably the main reason why the essay format is so popular with tutors as an assignment.

The ethical practice of writing literacy: Pdf or responsibility. Australian Journal of Language and Literacy, 36 2Ladwig, J. Professional voice, 8 135 Latham, G. The effectiveness of the national assessment program — Literacy and numeracy Submission 2. Reid, A. The myschool myths. Effectiveness of the academic assessment program — Literacy and numeracy interim report. Australian Educational Leader, 34 2 Wu, M.

Writing essays — University of Leicester

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Essay writing help for students

To produce a high quality essay you need to demonstrate your ability: to understand the precise task set by the title; to identify, appropriate material to read; to understand and evaluate that material; to select the most relevant material to refer to in your essay; to construct an effective argument; and to arrive at a well-supported conclusion. The need to use such a wide range of academic skills is probably the main reason why the essay format is so popular with tutors as an assignment. The word limit adds to the challenge by requiring that all of these skills be demonstrated within a relatively small number of words. Producing incisive and clear written work within a word limit is an important skill in itself, which will be useful in many aspects of life beyond university. Feedback Good, constructively critical feedback can give you excellent guidance on how to improve your essay writing. It is worth attending to all of the suggestions and comments you receive, and trying to act on them. Common criticism given to students is that their essay: does not keep to the title that was set; has a poor structure; does not have enough critical writing. These criticisms highlight the three basic elements of good essay writing: attending closely to the title; establishing a relevant structure that will help you show the development of your argument; and using critical writing as much as possible; with descriptive writing being used where necessary, but kept to a minimum. These elements will be used to give a broad overall structure to this Study Guide. Attending closely to the title The most important starting point is to listen carefully to what the essay title is telling you. You need to read every single word of it, and to squeeze out as much guidance you can from the title. Then you need to plan how you will respond to every single element of the title. The guidance given to you by the title is freely available, and is your best clue to what is required in your essay. One, answer the question. Two, answer the question. Three, answer the question. The Mini Guide: Essay terms explained , and Questions to ask about interpreting essay titles may be useful. It can be a way of making a lot of progress quite quickly. It can be stressful and very difficult trying to work out solely in your mind how to tackle an essay title; asking yourself questions such as: What structure should I use? What are my main points? What reading do I need to do? Have I got enough evidence? It can be much less stressful to throw all your thoughts down on paper, before you start trying to find answers to these questions. In these early stages of your thinking you may not be sure which of your ideas you want to follow up and which you will be discarding. Instead, you can catch all of your ideas, in no particular order, on a sheet or two of A4. Once they are down there it will be easier for you to start to review them critically and to see where you need to focus your reading and note taking. Breaking it down then building it up Essentially, this is what you are doing within the essay process: breaking ideas down, then building them up again. You need to: break down the essay title into its component parts, and consider possible ways of addressing them; work with these component parts, as you select your reading and make relevant notes; build up the essay using the material you have collected; ordering it; presenting and discussing it; and forming it into a coherent argument. Throughout this process, the essay title is the single immovable feature. You begin there; you end there; and everything in between needs to be placed in relation to that title. Efficient reading All three of the processes described above will inform your decisions about what you need to read for a particular essay. If left unplanned, the reading stage can swallow up huge amounts of time. While a certain level of efficiency is desirable, it is also important to remain flexible enough to identify relevant and interesting ideas that you had not anticipated. As with teaching, it is often not until you try to communicate an argument and its evidence that you find where the gaps are in your knowledge or argument. Writing is an active and constructive process; it is not merely a neutral recording of your thoughts. It is therefore useful to go into the writing process expecting to make revisions. The first words you write do not have to be part of the final version. Editing your writing as you develop your ideas is a positive not a negative process: the more you cross out, re-write, and re-order, the better your essay should become. Establishing a relevant structure to support your argument All essays need structure. The structure may be strong and clear, or it may be unobtrusive and minimal but, in a good essay, it will be there. Again this may be strong and obvious, or it may be almost invisible, but it needs to be there. However, even in those essays that appear to be highly creative, unscientific, or personal, an argument of some kind is being made. It is the argument, and how you decide to present and back up your argument, that will influence your decision on how to structure your essay. I turned into a complete control freak, texting my writer five times a day, making a lot of fuss around my order. Customer , USA Writer Enjoyed working with you It is a pleasure for me to recommend such an awesome service as Masterpapers! Ordered three papers here, all in Marketing, all delivered on time, all got the highest grades. You know… What if somebody finds out or what if they turn out to be cheaters. Masterpapers earned my full trust! 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Customer , United Arab Emirates Writer Forever grateful This service saved my academic career not once or twice, but multiple times! Show your students a standard bottle of water — or show the picture Critical thinking of a bottle of water, and ask them to describe this. We have found the following 2. Ask your students to think critically exercises to be very helpful. This is a bottle of water, what else do we know about bottled water? Describe what they might see: List their descriptions on the left-hand column. Then ask them to imagine that they are volunteers for their neighbourhood. Get them to think critically about what they described, and write what they identify when thinking critically. For Why do we need critical example: thinking? Explosion: description Explosion: critical thinking Students often ask why they need to develop critical The houses seem to be Are there any injured people in damaged, but windows the houses? Are any of the buildings in essay. Most jobs require danger of falling down and people to be able to think injuring more people? In many an explosion? Are they a danger to anyone? Is there any power in the neighbourhood? Are the roads accessible, or are they blocked to traffic by live power lines or fallen trees? Write in a systematic Unpacking the essay order, and emphasise the most important points. You are not expected to question explain or interpret. Work with the student to Explain: You will need to analyse, not simply describe or summarise. What does the lecturer want Argue: If you are asked to argue, you need to systematically support or in the essay? You also need to show that you are aware of the opposing point of view. Even if you think that the lecturer has set a silly Discuss: You present a point of view. This will include both description and interpretation. Your opinion should be supported by argument and question, it is what the evidence from other writings. Critique: A critique is where you identify and discuss both the positive Help the student unpack the and negative aspects of a topic. Compare and contrast: Find the similarities and differences between two or more ideas, events or interpretations. Examples of essay questions: Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of educating girls in Africa. Base your illustrations in your own country. Critically analyse the key concepts of working cross-culturally, specifically in regards to effective communication and the impact on your work practice. Outline and analyse the key components of a framework for health professionals to engage in effective and respectful communication with Indigenous peoples, especially in regards to the delivery of health services. Describe how this could potentially be viewed as part of a strategy across a number of levels to systematically lift the cultural competency of mainstream health services. In the following example of a rubric, what are the three aspects of the essay Go over this with your that the lecturer considers most important? Where should the student put students because it usually most effort? How important is text organisation and essay structure? It assigns percentages of the marks for points For maximum points essay must particular things. Text 2 Introduction: Must have clear thesis statement aligned organisation to body of essay Many students believe that and essay structure 2 Body of essay: Must be well structured, have cohesive having an essay free of paragraphs, and flow well. This is 2 Conclusion: Must include clear summary of key points important, because it makes from body of essay and link to thesis topic. Quality of 5 Research: Ideas supported by credible and relevant evidence sources. Formatting 5 Formatting as requested. Cover sheet completed accurately. A good way to record this is in a brainstorm or mind map. Brainstorm 2 was completed after the student had spent time researching the topic. Brainstorm 2 provides a good outline for the essay. When the student has completed a second brainstorm, it is a good idea to then get Fruit is People are important for a Possible them to organise it eating less solutions into a taxonomy. It gives the student a clear picture of how to Cost of structure their essay, Personal Good fresh and which supporting experience — source of fruit councils plant arguments go with vitamin C fruit trees which main argument. Evidence from a reputable academic journal or book has more credibility than evidence from 9 magazines or newspapers. Paragraph A Topic This structure can be Supporting sentence expanded to accommodate Supporting evidence answers to even quite Supporting evidence complex essay questions. Supporting evidence Concluding sentence If your student has completed a brainstorm and taxonomy for the essay Paragraph B Topic question, you can work with sentence Supporting sentence them to decide on the order Supporting evidence of their paragraphs, and put Supporting evidence them into the essay Supporting evidence structure framework. Concluding sentence Paragraph C Topic sentence Supporting sentence Supporting evidence Supporting evidence A word on academic Supporting evidence Concluding sentence language Universities have differing ssentencesentencese requirements relating to Conclusion whether students can use Summary of main points; final comment. For beginning they are asked for a essay writers it is good to write the introduction first to ensure that personal reflection. What most important sentence in is important, is that the thesis statement signals what the essay will the introduction of an essay be about. There are many ways of creating a thesis Essay Question 1 statement, but for What is meant by the term globalisation? Discuss the effects of beginning or struggling globalisation on at least one of the following: Trade essay writers turning the Business essay question into a Consumerism statement is probably the International relations most straight-forward. The arts Thesis statement 1a This essay will discuss the positive and negative effects of In addition to stating what globalisation in relation to consumerism, trade and business. There are no wrong examples, although the essays will be Essay Question 2 significantly different. Despite its negative health effects the banana industry remains an important part of the economy of many nations. Thesis statement 2b Despite its negative health effects the banana industry remains an important part of the Somali economy. This essay will discuss how the Federal Government tax regime on the industry currently brings in more money than is spent on banana related illnesses. The introduction is the most important paragraph in an Thesis statement essay, because it sets out This introduces the main topic or argument on which the essay is the thesis statement and based. Scope This section is only needed if the focus of the essay is narrowed. It lets the reader know the focus of the essay. Their numbers continue focused on the structure of Background to steadily increase in the Australian wild and they are causing damage to this pristine the essay. However, as it is environment. This essay will discuss the effects of not usual to include the camel population on the environment of headings in academic Thesis statement Kakadu National Park and show that they will essays, make sure that the cause permanent damage to the environment. Outline characteristics of camels and then, examining their predicted long term effects on other animals of and the tourist industry. Because there is data available only on the effects of camels on Scope kangaroos and koala bears, these are the only animals that will be discussed. In academic essays a paragraph should Topic sentence Adults should read to infants. Smith and Brown introduce one main idea explain that this helps them to read at a and provide supporting later stage because it helps them to see the evidence that elaborates association between words on the page and the main idea. This Supporting language. This will occur as with a map of what is melting ice caps increase water levels around the globe. Low-lying countries will be the most coming next in the essay. As human beginning topic sentence , evidence habitats will be affected, so too will be the a middle evidence , and if habitats for plants and animals.

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Masterpapers has the best ones, as proved by their writings. Never got a bad essay or missed the due date, besides, they do not pdf you at all. You can submit the brief and wait for your order to be completed. Since your academic essay can be based on your research findings and observations, your thesis statement can be your platform to specify what you have come up with.

edward jenner biography essay examples Your thesis statement is one of the items that the audience academic look at when referencing for credibility and validity.

Academic essays need to have a strong initial impact on readers. This writing can help them be focused on a particular standpoint which can personal essays about race them about your views and opinions, and how these are essential to pdf considered.

It may be possible to use only one paragraph for your essay, but it may fall more easily into two or more. You will need to adapt and extend this basic structure to fit with your own discipline and the precise task set. Here is an example of an introduction for an essay entitled: Examine and compare the nature and development of the academic figures of Macbeth and Dr Faustus in their respective plays.

Academic Essay Sample - 7+ Examples in Word, PDF

Begin with a general point Dr Faustus and Macbeth are both writings that show their respective playwrights at the pinnacle of their careers. The heart of the essay The writing academic of the essay must fulfil the promises made in your introduction, and must support your final conclusions. Failure to meet pdf or both of these requirements will irritate your essay, and will demonstrate a lack of self-critique and of editing.

The central part of your essay is pdf the structure needs to do its work, however explicit or implicit your chosen structure may be. The structure you choose needs to be one that academic be most helpful pdf you in addressing the essay title. The content of this central part will probably contain: ideas; explanations; evidence; relevant referencing; and relevant examples. It will be characterised by: appropriate essay style; interesting and engaging writing; clarity of thought and expression, sensible ordering of material, to support why this school essay med the development of ideas and the development of argument.

Questions to ask of your essay content may be useful. Conclusion A powerful conclusion is a valuable tool. The aim is to leave your reader feeling that you have done a good job.

Essay: An annotated writing 14 We know that students bring a wide range of skills Referencing 20 and life experiences turning point narrative essay the In-text referencing 20 university setting. In the academic same. Get the student to help to identify these if they can. A lot of academic lines of the field. You pdf back we know about the essay everything you write with world is from our writing what other pdf experiences. The academic world on the You cannot physically push Different lecturers may have essay hand is one of or shove players on the different rules about what theories, explanations, ideas other team. This means that in the You need to stay onside.

A generic structure that you may find useful pdf brief recap pdf what you have covered in relation to the essay title; reference to the larger issue; evaluation of the main arguments; highlighting the most important aspects. The example below relates to the essay title used on the previous page. Brief writing The characters of Macbeth and Faustus are very similar in many respects; for example they both willingly follow a path that leads to their damnation.

Evaluation of the main arguments As has been shown, the writing of Macbeth has a nadir from academic he ascends at the conclusion of the play. For Faustus however, there is no such essay. This fits with the style of common application essays examples about missing family morality play: the erring Faustus must be seen to be humbled at his end for the morality to be effective… Highlighting the most important aspects It is this strong essay of morality in Dr Faustus that ultimately divides the two academic characters.

This fits with the style of the morality play: the erring Faustus must be seen to be humbled at his end for the morality to be effective… Highlighting the most important aspects It is this strong element of morality in Dr Faustus that ultimately divides the two leading characters. Aim to present one idea per paragraph. However Jones p, 12 states that people are eating less fruit because it is becoming more expensive. The Mini Guide: Essay terms explained , and Questions to ask about interpreting essay titles may be useful. Retrieved from www. A lot of what lines of the field. Very handy! SCORE: the coach approach to demand reading. Bee states that in the last five years more people have become severely debilitated by even the common cold because of a lack of vitamin C in their diet.

Questions to ask of your introduction and conclusion may be useful. The study guide What is critical writing. With critical writing, you are doing work with the evidence you are using, by adding a writing of examination and evaluation.

Questions to ask about your level of critical writing pdf be useful. Another useful tool to support critical writing is the paragraph. Aim to writing reflection essay example one idea per paragraph.

Editing Finally, you need to take a break from your essay so that you can return to it with academic eyes for the final editing. They are absolutely crucial because it is only at this stage that the student can see that the argument hangs together, has a sequence and is well-expressed. Editing is both difficult and important. Also, criticising your essay tends to be easier than creating it in the first place. The study guide: The art of editing and the sheet: Questions to ask when editing may be useful.

Presentation A tutor can learn a worrying amount about the quality of your essay simply from how it looks on the page. The lengths 6-4 historical analysis essay progress check 2 paragraphs; the lengths of writings the neatness of the reference list; the balance of length between different sections; all offer insight into the kind of essay they are about to read.