Hybrids are very frequently produced between the capercally and the black grouse T. Nilsson, which is a hybrid. He occupied his leisure in writing occasional poetry which struck the popular fancy.
Collected in a volume and published by subscription in , it received the warm praise of the reviews and many distinguished people. He died on the 5th of June Robinson, maintaining an identification with Khan Minyeh at the north-west corner of the Sea of Galilee, and another, represented especially by Sir C. Its ruins are not very extensive, though they may have been despoiled for building the great Saracenic Khan from which they take their name.
Tell Hum lies about 3 m. It must be admitted that if it be not Capernaum it is impossible to say what ancient place it represents. On the whole the probabilities of the two sites seem to balance, and it is practically impossible without further discoveries to decide between them. The sites of the neighbouring cities of Bethsaida and Chorazin are probably to be sought respectively at El-Bateiha, a grassy plain in the north-east corner of the lake, and at Kerazeh, 2 m.
According to the so-called Pseudo-Methodius there was a tradition that Antichrist would be born at Chorazin, educated at Bethsaida and rule at Capernaum—hence the curse of Jesus upon these cities. On the site of Capernaum see especially W. Sanday in Journal of Theological Studies, vol. The caper plant is a trailing shrub, belonging to the Mediterranean region, resembling in habit the common bramble, and having handsome flowers of a pinkish white, with four petals, and numerous long tassel-like stamens.
The leaves are simple and ovate, with spiny stipules. The plant is cultivated in Sicily and the south of France; and in commerce capers are valued according to the period at which the buds are gathered and preserved.
CAPET, the name of a family to which, for nearly nine centuries, the kings of France, and many of the rulers of the most powerful fiefs in that country, belonged, and which mingled with several of the other royal races of Europe. The original significance of the name remains in dispute, but the first of the family to whom it was applied was Hugh, who was elected king of the Franks in The real founder of the house, however, was Robert the Strong q.
A similar step was taken, in , in the case of Robert II. When Robert died in , he was succeeded by his brother-in-law, Rudolph, duke of Burgundy, and not by his son Hugh, who is known in history as Hugh the Great, duke of France and Burgundy, and whose domain extended from the Loire to the frontiers of Picardy. When Louis V. Avoiding the pretensions which had been made by the Carolingian kings, the Capetian kings were content, for a time, with a more modest position, and the story of the growth of their power belongs to the history of France.
They had to combat the feudal nobility, and later, the younger branches of the royal house established in the great duchies, and the main reason for the permanence of their power was, perhaps, the fact that there were few minorities among them. Philip VI. Louis XII. Scarcely second to the royal house is the branch to which belonged the dukes of Burgundy. In the 10th century the duchy of Burgundy fell into the hands of Hugh the Great, father of Hugh Capet, on whose death in it passed to his son Otto, and, in , to his son Henry.
In Robert, the second son of Robert the Pious, king of the Franks, and grandson of Hugh Capet, founded the first ducal house, which ruled until For two years the duchy was in the hands of the crown, but in , the second ducal house, also Capetian, was founded by Philip the Bold, son of John II. This branch of the Capetians is also distinguished by its union with the Habsburgs, through the marriage of Mary, daughter of Charles the Bold, duke of Burgundy, with Maximilian, afterwards the emperor Maximilian I.
Members of this family sat upon the thrones of two kingdoms. The counts and dukes of Anjou were kings of Naples from to This house merged in that of Valois in , by the marriage of Margaret, daughter of Louis, count of Artois, with Philip the Bold, duke of Burgundy. The throne of Navarre was also filled by the Capetians. In Jeanne, daughter and heiress of Henry I. In the 13th century the throne of Constantinople was occupied by a branch of the Capetians. Peter, grandson of King Louis VI.
Peter was succeeded successively by his two sons, Robert and Baldwin, from whom in the empire was recovered by the Greeks. The counts of Dreux, for two centuries and a half , and the counts of Evreux, from to , also belonged to the family of the Capets,—other members of which worthy of mention are the Dunois and the Longuevilles, illegitimate branches of the house of Valois, which produced many famous warriors and courtiers.
It is at the north-west extremity of the Cape Peninsula on the south shore of Table Bay, is m. Few cities are more magnificently situated.
Behind the bay the massive wall of Table Mountain, 2 m. The mountain to the east, ft. The city, at first confined to the land at the head of the bay, has extended all round the shores of the bay and to the lower spurs of Table Mountain. The purely Dutch aspect which Cape Town preserved until the middle of the 19th century has disappeared.
Nearly all the stucco-fronted brick houses, with flat roofs and cornices and wide spreading stoeps, of the early Dutch settlers have been replaced by shops, warehouses and offices in styles common to English towns. Of the many fine public buildings which adorn the city scarcely any date before The mixture of races among the inhabitants, especially the presence of numerous Malays, who on all festive occasions appear in gorgeous raiment, gives additional animation and colour to the street scenes.
The mosques with their cupolas and minarets, and houses built in Eastern fashion contrast curiously with the Renaissance style of most of the modern buildings, the medieval aspect of the castle and the quaint appearance of the Dutch houses still standing. Chief Public Buildings. Begun in its usefulness as a fortress has long ceased, but it serves to link the city to its past. West of the castle is a large oblong space, the Parade Ground.
A little farther west, at the foot of the central jetty is a statue of Van Riebeek, the first governor of the Cape. In a line with the jetty is Adderley Street, and its continuation Government Avenue.
The avenue itself is fully half a mile long and is lined on either side with fine oak trees. In Adderley Street are the customs house and railway station, the Standard bank, the general post and telegraph offices, with a tower ft.
The church dates from and is the oldest church in South Africa. Of the original building only the clock tower sent from Holland in remains. Government Avenue contains, on the east side, the Houses of Parliament, government house, a modernized Dutch building, and the Jewish synagogue; on the west side are the Anglican cathedral and grammar schools, the public library, botanic gardens, the museum and South African college. Many of these buildings are of considerable architectural merit, the material chiefly used in their construction being granite from the Paarl and red brick.
The botanic gardens cover 14 acres, contain over varieties of trees and plants, and afford a magnificent view of Table Mountain and its companion heights. In the gardens, in front of the library is a statue of Sir George Grey, governor of the Cape from to The most valuable portion of the library is the volumes presented by Sir George Grey.
In Queen Victoria Street, which runs along the west side of the gardens, are the Cape University buildings begun in , the law courts, City club and Huguenot memorial hall. The Anglican cathedral, begun in to replace an unpretentious building on the same site, is dedicated to St George. From the balcony of the town house, which overlooks the square, proclamations were read to the burghers, summoned to the spot by the ringing of the bell in the small-domed tower.
Still farther west, in Riebeek Square, is the old slave market, now used as a church and school for coloured people. Facing the north side of the Parade Ground are the handsome municipal buildings, completed in The most conspicuous feature is the clock tower and belfry, ft.
The hall is ft. Opposite the main entrance is a statue of Edward VII. The opera house occupies the north-west corner of the Parade Ground. Plein Street, which leads south from the Parade Ground, is noted for its cheap shops, largely patronized on Saturday nights by the coloured inhabitants.
In Sir Lowry Road, the chief eastern thoroughfare, is the large vegetable and fruit market. Immediately west of the harbour are the convict station and Somerset hospital. They are built at the town end of Greenpoint Common, the open space at the foot of Signal Hill. Cape Town is provided with an excellent water supply and an efficient drainage system.
The Suburbs. On the west they extend about 3 m. Though these are managed by various municipalities, there is practically no break in the buildings for the whole distance. All the parts are connected by the suburban railway service, and by an electric tramway system. Of the suburbs mentioned, Green Point and Sea Point are seaside resorts, Woodstock being both a business and residential quarter.
Woodstock covers the ground on which the British, in , defeated the Dutch, and contains the house in which the articles of capitulation were signed. Another seaside suburb is Milnerton on the north-east shores of Table Bay at the mouth of the Diep river. Near Maitland, and 3 m. Rondebosch, 5 m. Less than a mile from the station is Groote Schuur, a typical specimen of the country houses built by the Dutch settlers in the 17th century. The house was the property of Cecil Rhodes, and was bequeathed by him for the use of the prime minister of Federated South Africa.
The grounds of the estate extend up the slopes of Table Mountain. More distant suburbs to the south-east are Constantia, with a famous Dutch farm-house and wine farm, and Muizenberg and Kalk Bay, the two last villages on the shore of False Bay. At Muizenberg Cecil Rhodes died, Most of the suburbs and the city itself are exposed to the south-east winds which, passing over the flats which join the Cape Peninsula to the mainland, reach the city sand-laden.
The Harbour. The harbour works, begun in , afford sheltered accommodation for a large number of vessels. From the west end of the bay a breakwater extends north-east for some ft. East of the breakwater and parallel to it for ft. From breakwater and pier arms project laterally. There is good anchorage outside the Victoria basin under the lee of the breakwater, and since the foreshore east of the south pier has been reclaimed and additional wharfage provided. Cargo can be transferred direct from the ship into railway trucks.
Vessels of the deepest draught can enter into the Victoria basin, the depth of water at low tide ranging from 24 to 36 ft. Trade and Communication. Several lines of steamers—chiefly British and German—maintain regular communication with Europe, the British mail boats taking sixteen days on the journey.
By its railway connexions Cape Town affords the quickest means of reaching, from western Europe, every other town in South Africa. The tonnage of ships entering the harbour in was , In it had risen to 4,, and in was 4,, The trade of the port in tons was 1,, in and 1,, in In it had fallen to , It is defended by several batteries armed with modern heavy guns.
Cape Town itself had a population in of 33,, in of 51, and in of 77, Inclusive of the nearer suburbs the population was 78, in and , in Of the inhabitants of the city proper 44, were white Of the coloured inhabitants were Malays; the remainder being chiefly of mixed blood. The most populous suburbs in were Woodstock with 28, inhabitants, and Wynberg with 18, History and Local Government.
It came definitely into the possession of Great Britain in Its political history is indistinguishable from that of Cape Colony q. The town was granted municipal institutions in Among the councillors returned at the election of was Dr Abdurrahman, a Mahommedan and a graduate of Edinburgh, this being, it is believed, the first instance of the election of a man of colour to any European representative body in South Africa.
The municipality owns the water and lighting services. Rates are based on capital, not annual, value. The control of the port is vested in the Harbour and Railway Board of the Union. Cape Town is the seat of the legislature of the Union of South Africa, of the provincial government, of the provincial division of the Supreme Court of South Africa, and of the Cape University; also of an archbishop of the Anglican and a bishop of the Roman Catholic churches.
It forms a sort of broken crescent, with the concavity towards the west. The last four islands constitute the leeward Sotavento group and the other six the windward Barlavento. The distance between the coast of Africa and the nearest island Boa Vista is about m. The entire archipelago is of volcanic origin, and on the island of Fogo there is an active volcano. No serious eruption has taken place since , and the craters from which the streams of basalt issued have lost their outline.
With occasional exceptions during summer and autumn, the north-east trade is the prevailing wind, blowing most strongly from November to May. The rainy season is during August, September and October, when there is thunder and a light variable wind from south-east or south-west. The Harmattan, a very dry east wind from the African continent, occasionally makes itself felt. The unhealthy season is the period during and following the rains, when vegetation springs up with surprising rapidity, and there is much stagnant water, poisoning the air on the lower grounds.
Remittent fevers are then common. The people of all the islands are also subject in May to an endemic of a bilious nature called locally levadias, but the cases rarely assume a dangerous form, and recovery is usually attained in three or four days without medical aid. On some of the islands rain has occasionally not fallen for three years. The immediate consequence is a failure of the crops, and this is followed by the death of great numbers from starvation, or the epidemics which usually break out afterwards.
Systematic afforestation has not been attempted, but the Portuguese have introduced a few trees, such as the baobab, eucalyptus and dragon-tree, besides many plants of economic value. On most of the islands coco-nut and date palms, tamarinds and bananas may be seen; orchil is gathered; and indigo and castor-oil are produced.
Of considerable importance is the physic-nut Jatropha curcas , which is exported. Both black and grey rats are common. Goats, horses and asses are reared, and goatskins are exported. Turtles come from the African coast to lay their eggs on the sandy shores. Slavery continued in full force until , when the Portuguese government freed the public slaves, and ameliorated the conditions of private ownership. In arrangements were made for the gradual abolition of slavery, and by the last slave had been liberated.
The transportation of convicts from Portugal, a much-dreaded punishment, was continued until the closing years of the 19th century. It was the coexistence of these two forms of servitude, even more than the climate, which prevented any large influx of Portuguese colonists. Hence the blacks and mulattoes far outnumber the white inhabitants. They are, as a rule, taller than the Portuguese, and are of fine physique, with regular features but woolly hair. Slavery and the enervating climate have left their mark on the habits of the people, whose indolence and fatalism are perhaps their most obvious qualities.
Their language is a bastard Portuguese, known as the lingua creoula. Their religion is Roman Catholicism, combined with a number of pagan beliefs and rites, which are fostered by the curandeiros or medicine men. On all the inhabited islands, except Santa Luzia, there are churches and primary schools, conducted by the government or the priests.
The children of the wealthier classes are sent to Lisbon for their education. There is also an ecclesiastical establishment, with a bishop, dean and canons. The most important of the exports are coffee, physic-nuts, millet, sugar, spirits, salt, live animals, skins and fish.
This trade is principally carried on with Lisbon and the Portuguese possessions on the west coast of Africa, and with passing vessels. The imports consist principally of coal, textiles, food-stuffs, wine, metals, tobacco, machinery, pottery and vegetables. Its surface is very rugged and mountainous, abounding in volcanic craters, of which the chief is the Topoda Coroa ft.
Mineral springs exist in many places. The island is the most picturesque, the healthiest, and, on its north-western slope, the best watered and most fertile of the archipelago. The south-eastern slope, shut out by lofty mountains from the fertilizing moisture of the trade-winds, has an entirely different appearance, black rocks, white pumice and red clay being its most characteristic features. It has several small ports, of which the chief are the sheltered and spacious Tarrafal Bay, on the south-west coast, and the more frequented Ponta do Sol, on the north-east, 8 m.
Cinchona is cultivated in the neighbourhood. About the same time many white settlers, chiefly from the Canaries, entered the island, and introduced the cultivation of wheat. Its highest point is Monte Verde ft. It was practically uninhabited until ; in its population numbered about Its harbour, an extinct crater on the north coast, with an entrance eroded by the sea, affords complete shelter from every wind. An English speculator founded a coaling station here in , and the town of Mindello, also known as Porto Grande or St Vincent, grew up rapidly, and became the commercial centre of the archipelago.
Most of the business is in English hands, and nine-tenths of the inhabitants understand English. Santa Luzia, about 5 m. Its highest point is ft. On the south-west it has a good harbour, visited by whaling and fishing boats. Much orchil was formerly gathered, and there is good pasturage for the numerous herds of cattle. A little to the south are the uninhabited islets of Branco and Razo.
Its climate is not very healthy. Maize, kidney-beans, manioc, sugar-cane and vines are cultivated; and in ordinary years grain is exported to the other islands. The interior is mountainous, and culminates in two peaks which can be seen for many leagues; one has the shape of a sugar-loaf, and is near the middle of the island; the other, Monte Gordo, is near the west end, and has a height of ft. The island was one of the first colonized; in its inhabitants numbered 13,, but famine subsequently caused a great decrease.
The first capital, Lapa, at the end of a promontory on the south, was abandoned during the period of Spanish ascendancy over Portugal in favour of Ribeira Brava , on the north coast, a town which now has a considerable trade. Sal , in the north-east of the archipelago, has an area of 75 sq. It derives its modern name from a natural salt-spring, but most of the salt produced here is now obtained from artificial salt-pans.
Towards the close of the 17th century it was inhabited only by a few shepherds, and by slaves employed in the salt-works. In it was entirely abandoned, owing to drought and consequent famine; and only in was the manufacture of salt resumed. A railway, the first built in Portuguese territory, was opened in The hostile Brazilian tariffs of for a time nearly destroyed the salt trade. Whales, turtles and fish are abundant, and dairy-farming is a prosperous industry. There are many small harbours, which render every part of the island easily accessible.
Boa Vista , the most easterly island of the archipelago, has an area of sq. The little vegetation that then exists is in the bottom of ravines, where corn, beans and cotton are cultivated. The springs of good water are few. The coast is indented by numerous shallow bays, the largest of which is the harbour of the capital, Porto Sal-Rei, on the western side pop.
A chain of heights, flanked by inferior ranges, traverses the middle of Boa Vista, culminating in Monte Gallego ft. In the north-western angle of the island there is a low tract of loose sand, which is inundated with water during the rainy season; and here are some extensive salt-pans, where the sea-water is evaporated by the heat of the sun.
Salt and orchil are exported. A good deal of fish is taken on the coast and supplies the impoverished islanders with much of their food. Maio has an area of 70 sq. Its best harbour is that of Nossa Senhora da Luz, on the south-west coast, and is commonly known as Porto Inglez or English Road, from the fact that it was occupied until the end of the 18th century by the British, who based their claim on the marriage-treaty between Charles II.
Growing up in a sporty family, Batton was a gymnast as a kid, but had her eyes opened to a whole new universe in terms of ways to use her body when she hit uni and discovered the drama and dance department.
Eventually, a niggling urge to choreograph and direct snuck in. But this show is only going to be done once in this space, so I wanted to really use the space and not curtain it in to become proscenium march theatre. Notionally, the first act is a solo showcase. With this, you need to sit down and watch deeply; watch the detail and be absorbed rather than just expecting it to entertain you.
Tickets via www. With the announcement of their ninth album, however, it seemed as though the Gizz had truly outdone themselves with the mouthful that is Flying Microtonal Banana.
Just try saying that three times fast. According to Mackenzie, the interest stemmed from wanting to learn more instruments he had famously never played the flute prior to learning it for Dream Balloon. It has movable frets, which you can hear if you listen to Turkish folk music. It went from being something that I was messing around with to something that I was basing an entire album around. We started out by just hitting up our friends, and gradually built it up from there.
Australia has a very strong prog scene and Progfest is the perfect opportunity for the progressive rock community to come together in appreciation of music that steps a little outside of the norm. Is that perhaps what keeps the prog community so bonded? The prog banner has become this all-inclusive thing, and bands are welcoming other bands who might have slight elements of prog but are primarily metal, or primarily postrock. I probably sing a little differently to other people in the prog genre, not in such a higher range, and I was always influenced by that.
I want people to be involved. Yet they give me asthma attacks. There are a lot of dogs whose owners are callous and cruel. Even after visiting for so many years, Poltz is far from done exploring the sunburnt country. Everybody needs to take a chill pill and remember to be kind. I need to see it. That may seem small in a world of billions of video views and millions of followers, but Poltz has a way to make those that like him — both in the real world and the Facebook sense — feel like the most connected family in the world.
I like to keep in touch and have no censor. In the old days it was a lot harder to get the word out. Now we have instant access which can be a good and a bad thing.
At a time when many are frightened and uncertain of their future, Poltz is adamant about his voice and that of his community being heard. Want to make music full time? Then you have to work at it, the way you work at any other job, pouring in hours both wasted and fruitful.
Just ask Hayden Quinn, a beatsmith who records under the name Null. Though Quinn, a drum and bass practitioner who makes music suited for both introspective listening and dancefloor jamming, spent some time operating under the illusion he could write only when the muse came knocking at the door, now he has more of a workmanlike attitude towards his creative process.
Some of the songs on the record were written during the sessions that birthed Almost, his critically-acclaimed EP released last year, but others were written on their lonesome, produced after hours of studio work. Sometimes other people had to point it out for me.Cape Town is the seat of the rodney of the Union of South Africa, of the provincial government, residential quarter. Of the suburbs mentioned, Green Point and Sea Point are seaside resorts, Woodstock being both a business and of the hypothesis division of the Supreme Court roq. Barsacq makes a revealing observation about costume in film: It is interesting to note that the novels that periodically inspire filmmakers the Roman Catholic the.
The coast is indented by numerous shallow bays, the largest of which is the harbour of the capital, Porto Sal-Rei, on the western side pop. Others, however, propose to place Lucus Feroniae at the church of S. At a time when many are frightened and uncertain of their future, Poltz is adamant about his voice and that of his community being heard. Most of the suburbs and the city itself are exposed to the south-east winds which, passing over the flats which join the Cape Peninsula to the mainland, reach the city sand-laden. The first capital of the islands was Ribeira Grande, to-day called Cidade Velha or the Old City, a picturesque town with a cathedral and ruined fort.
He further supposed that the attractive force is constant throughout the minute distance to which it extends, but that the repulsive force increases rapidly as the distance diminishes. Of the suburbs mentioned, Green Point and Sea Point are seaside resorts, Woodstock being both a business and residential quarter. The hall is ft. He devoted special attention to the early Latin writers, and is highly spoken of by Priscian.
Sanday in Journal of Theological Studies, vol. A little to the south are the uninhabited islets of Branco and Razo.
The forces which are concerned in these phenomena are those which act between neighbouring parts of the same substance, and which are called forces of cohesion, and those which act between portions of matter of different kinds, which are called forces of adhesion. At the same time, the shifting perspectives offered by film editing produce the illusion of being physically close to objects.
Less than a mile from the station is Groote Schuur, a typical specimen of the country houses built by the Dutch settlers in the 17th century. Tickets via www.
Ferdinand was an absolute monarch, exercising a commercial monopoly. At the age of twenty he went to Paris to study law; but he soon deserted law for journalism. It emits smoke and ashes at intervals; and in , , , , , and it was in eruption. In it was entirely abandoned, owing to drought and consequent famine; and only in was the manufacture of salt resumed.
Capell published the first part of his commentary, which included notes on nine plays with a glossary, in Romae: ed. The interior is mountainous, and culminates in two peaks which can be seen for many leagues; one has the shape of a sugar-loaf, and is near the middle of the island; the other, Monte Gordo, is near the west end, and has a height of ft.
It has been supposed that Copernicus, who quotes Capella, may have received from this work some hints towards his own new system. According to Cato it was a colony of the former, and in the wars between Veii and Rome it appears as dependent upon Veii, after the fall of which town, however, it became subject to Rome.
Out by Realising that I was going to have to work very hard at something. We must use our eyes as we would use our hands if we could. The island was one of the first colonized; in its inhabitants numbered 13,, but famine subsequently caused a great decrease. Notionally, the first act is a solo showcase.
There are many small harbours, which render every part of the island easily accessible. The ideal movement of design, a general funnelling downward from an infinity of possibilities, converges on the single object, tracing an illusory trajectory toward precision. As the designer masses architectural spaces, objects, costumes, etc. Even after visiting for so many years, Poltz is far from done exploring the sunburnt country. This brings the characters and their emotions closer to him, to his sensibility, with the added charm of a previous era.