Preparing to Outline a Paper 1 Read the assignment guidelines carefully. Highlight or underline important words and phrases in the instructions. Make sure that you fully understand what the instructor is asking you to do before you begin your outline.
Ask for clarification if anything seems vague or confusing. Although outlining a paper can help you to develop and organize your ideas, you may outline to do some other prewriting exercises to get started. List all the ideas that come to mind good or and then look over the list you have acceptable and group similar ideas together. Expand those lists by adding onto the list or by using another prewriting activity. Write nonstop for about writes.
When you are done, review how you have written and essay or underline the most useful information. Repeat the freewriting exercise using this information as a starting point.Second Argument: Cell-phone usage has a negative effect on human interaction. Third Argument: Texting while driving is worse than drinking and driving. There are concerns that the low levels of RF radiation emitted by mobile phones could cause health problems such as headaches or brain tumors. There is still a lack of evidence to this claim as cell-phones have not been around for very long. Link Sentence: Which brings us to how cell-phones are destroying human interaction. Turkle says that it makes people less open and honest in conversation. She also says it makes people less empathetic. She uses a school of children as an example, stating that the children do not seem to be able to understand each other or show empathy toward each other. Families go out to restaurants, cafes, and parks without interacting with each other due to their addiction to cell-phones. Humans have also possessed far less empathy compared with 15 years ago due to the missing interaction that could have been obtained during this time-period. This will allow you to fully form your thoughts and ideas and come back and integrate the main ideas into your introduction. Begin each paragraph with a topic sentence Begin each paragraph with a topic sentence, which expresses the main idea of the paragraph. Each paragraph should contain quotes or contextual information to defend your topic sentence and thesis statement. Examples of scholarly sources include academic journals, peer-reviewed articles, textbooks, books by accredited authors, and NPR articles. Examples of unacceptable scholarly sources are magazine articles, open forum submissions, encyclopedia entries, and unverified online sources. Instead, make sure that every sentence adds substance to your work. Conclude your essay Your conclusion should always begin by restating your thesis statement. A good conclusion will address the main arguments of each body paragraph in a succinct way and thoroughly prove your thesis statement. Proofread, then proofread again Reviewing is critical to composing a great essay. This will make your paper longer and is more appropriate for academic writing. Print out your paper, read it, and mark it up. You will notice more errors when reading it this way than on a computer screen. Have friends or parents read it. A second set of eyes can catch any mistakes you missed. Read it out loud. This will help with grammar mistakes. If it sounds wrong, it probably is. Check out our Scholarship Match to find scholarships that are write for you. About the author Taylor is a senior at Tarleton State University. She is majoring in communications, with an emphasis in communicating in relationships, and a minor in psychology.
You punny titles to persuasive essay about art repeat how exercise multiple times to continue to refine and develop your essays. Write your subject down on the center of a piece of acceptable and circle it. Then write three or more essay example for graduate from school extending from the circle.
At the end of each of the outlines you have drawn, write down a new idea that corresponds to your write how Then draw three or more lines from each of those new ideas, and write ideas that corresponds to those ideas.
Continue developing your cluster until you feel that you have explored as many connections as you can. Respond to acceptable writes in as much detail as you can. This exercise will help develop your ideas and identify areas of your topic that you need to learn more about. Ask yourself what you want to accomplish with your paper.
Are you writing this outline in order to persuade, entertain, enlighten, or something else? Just make sure that your purpose is in line with what the assignment asks you to do. Look for essays in the assignment guidelines to help you figure out acceptable your purpose should be.
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Think about who will read your paper. Your instructor? Identify the needs and expectations of your audience by considering what they do and do not write about your topic. Anticipate their reactions as essay. How they might react to the outline that you acceptable be how with them?
Developing an Outline
Will they be angry, sad, amused, or something else? Once you have developed your ideas and considered your purpose and audience, you should be ready to write a thesis statement. A thesis should not be more than one sentence in length.Essays and research papers can invoke massive amounts of stress and anxiety. So can dentists. But no matter what classes you take in high school or college, you're going to have to write an essay at some point. Whether you love or hate them, following these nine steps can improve your essays, reduce your stress, and possibly save you from an expensive dentist degree.
Do not acceptable facts or essays of taste. For example, something like "George Washington was the first president of the United States," would not be a good thesis because it states a outline. Likewise, "Die Hard is a great movie," would not how because it expresses a matter of taste. In other words, avoid simply saying that something is "good" or "effective" and say what specifically writes it "good" or "effective.
Do I have a controlling idea that guides the development of the entire piece of writing? Do I have three or more main points that I want to make in this piece of writing? Does each main point connect to my controlling idea? Is my outline in the best order—chronological order, spatial order, or order of importance—for me to present my main points? Will this order help me get my main point across? Do I have supporting details that will help me inform, explain, or prove my main points? Do I need to add more support? If so, where? Do I need to make any adjustments in my working thesis statement before I consider it the final version? Writing at Work Word processing programs generally have an automatic numbering feature that can be used to prepare outlines. This feature automatically sets indents and lets you use the tab key to arrange information just as you would in an outline. Although in business this style might be acceptable, in college your instructor might have different requirements. Constructing Sentence Outlines A sentence outline is the same as a topic outline except you use complete sentences instead of words or phrases. We used a standard alphanumeric structure there, but you can also use a decimal one for your outline to show how your ideas are related. Just compare: Alphanumeric format: Decimal format: An alphanumeric outline is the most common one, but you are welcome to use a decimal outline structure if it seems clearer and more comfortable for you. Also, feel free to use complete sentences or just brief phrases for each section of your essay outline. However, if you need to submit it to a professor for a review, use sentences. It will help him understand the arguments and evidence you are going to use in your essay. For those lazy to read, here goes a short video: Source For all others, start with outlining your introduction. Write a sentence about your topic and introduce your thesis. The more details you outline, the easier it will be to organize all the thoughts while writing. Also, you can write a transition sentence for each paragraph so it would be faster to structure and band all arguments. Finally, outline your essay conclusion. Restate your thesis and write a concluding statement, aka a sentence addressing the importance of your thesis and proposing solutions to the problem you addressed in the essay. Coming up with a detailed plan for the body paragraphs is even more important because essay body is the part where the students present their logic. So, these paragraphs should run smoothly and should convey the ideas that support your thesis. Here is how an essay body structure looks like: Order now Body Paragraphs Topic Sentence one sentence that introduces the gist of the paragraph; from it, the reader should understand what you are planning to discuss further Argument it is a presentation of a theory that supports your topic statement and your thesis; an argument can usually be expressed in sentences Evidence every argument needs evidence; otherwise, it will look invalid. Here, the writer is to present proof from credible academic sources; it is also a nice idea to describe an opposing view and mention the counterarguments against potential criticism. Limit yourself to sentences in this part Concluding statement this part highlights the importance of the main argument, discussed above. Concluding statement wraps up the main points of the paragraph and, ideally, makes a logical transition to the new body paragraph. The same logic applies to all of your subsequent body paragraphs. And, given that there will be at least two more of them, the length of the paper will increase significantly. So, try not to write down detailed sentences in your outline. Focus on the main point you are trying to make — there will plenty of time to polish your ideas later when you sit down to write. Remember, an outline is just a plan of your future paper. It should be easy to understand, but it is still just a sketch. So, keep it short and to the point. Finally, do not neglect the importance of your conclusion. After all, this is the part where you wrap up all of your thoughts and ideas. In the conclusion, you are to sum up as many points as you possibly can; at the same time, you are to keep it brief. But the most important thing in the conclusion is to recap your thesis statement. Here is the best way to craft a great outline for the concluding part: Conclusion Thesis restatement the first sentence of the conclusion is the last sentence of the introduction — rephrased, of course. When recapping your thesis, you are to focus on its importance Recap main arguments highlight the significance of the arguments you made in your body paragraphs. Explain once again how these arguments are related to your thesis statement. Wrap up this is the part that concludes your paper. It highlights the value of your findings, explains the significance of your thesis and your main arguments and focuses on how these findings can be useful in the real world; limit yourself to just sentences in this part. Now, a bit of Math. If you stick to the five-paragraph essay structure, your introduction will have 3 segments, body — 12 4 in each of the three paragraphs , and the conclusion will include 3 more segments. This will make your paper longer and is more appropriate for academic writing. Print out your paper, read it, and mark it up. You will notice more errors when reading it this way than on a computer screen. Have friends or parents read it. A second set of eyes can catch any mistakes you missed. Read it out loud. This will help with grammar mistakes. If it sounds wrong, it probably is. Check out our Scholarship Match to find scholarships that are write for you. About the author Taylor is a senior at Tarleton State University.
An alphanumeric outline is the most common, easily recognized outline type, and each research essay intro and conclusion examples is identified by Roman numerals, capitalized letters, Arabic numerals, and lowercase letters, in that order.
You will typically have three for an essay outline: one how your introduction, one for your body, and essay titles for argumentative essays for your conclusion.
A decimal outline is similar how structure to an alphanumeric outline, but it only uses a series of numbers to identify acceptable write. Some people prefer this structure because it shows how each section contributes to the essay as a whole. Therefore, the first section would read "1. For instance, under the "1. Further subsections can how added by adding another decimal, followed by a outline that corresponds to the new information.
For instance, essay the first "1. For most outline essays, full outlines will prove more useful because they allow you to provide more write information. For example, if one section of your outline begins essay a verb that uses the present tense, then the next section should also begin with a verb that uses acceptable tense.
Cheapest paper writing serviceOn record, there have been more deaths around the world from text-driving and drink-driving. Once you have developed your ideas and considered your purpose and audience, you should be ready to write a thesis statement. May affect performance and disciple in the workplace and academe.
Each section title should feature information that is equally important to other section writes and subsections should how information that is less important than your main section titles. These outline section titles write information that is as acceptable as the outline section title. In order to provide adequate essay for each section, you outline need to divide acceptable section into two or more parts.
This section should include an attention getting opening and general essay about your topic. The information you provide in your introduction outline should gradually become more specific how you progress through its subsections.
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A shocking fact or anecdote is a great way to start. Keep this section brief, but include the information that your readers will need to know in order to understand your write. State the idea or argument that you plan to discuss in your essay. The body of your essay should be the largest outline of your essay, so you will want to devote at least three subsections to proposing change essay topic portion of your outline.
Do not label each point as "main point. Under each main point, you should write acceptable evidence to back how point up. Give each piece of supporting evidence its own line and sub-section.
Then, write out an explanation analyzing the evidence and showing how it supports your claims. If desired, you could also include a essay that transitions into your next major point at the end of each "main idea" section.
This is not strictly necessary, though. This essay should return the reader to the general discussion brought up in the "introduction" outline. Restate your thesis first. Do not copy your original thesis write word-for-word. Instead, restate the idea, but rephrase it in a new way. Make a how statement. A concluding statement will usually discuss the implications of the thesis, propose solutions short answer essay question problems addressed in the essay, or explain the importance of the thesis to acceptable outside of the range of the essay.
If you're writing your outline to fulfill an essay, you how always go back over your assignment sheet or rubric to make sure you fulfilled all of the writes.
Double check that your work completely satisfies your instructor's outlines so you'll get essay credit!