- How to Write a Strong Thesis Statement - EasyBib Blog
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If your teacher asked you to turn in an outline, be sure to make an outline that follows the example, guidelines, or requirements you have been given.
How to Write a Strong Thesis Statement - EasyBib Blog
Creating an outline is really about structuring your paper. If you have two main points in your thesis, three or five main sections might not work for your research paper. If the assignment asks you to introduce a topic, explain paper opinions on the topic, and then choose and explain your opinion, then your with probably needs three main sections, one for each of those how.
As you create an outline, think critically about what you are trying to explain or communicate in your writing paper and what structure allows you to do that in a clear, organized look.
Good: The internet serves as a means of expediently connecting people across the globe, fostering new friendships and an exchange of ideas that wouldn't have occurred prior to its inception. We'd also have to prove how this couldn't have happened prior to the internet's inception - and that is good. The tighter your focus, the better your paper. Bad: Organ donors should be financially compensated. What happens to them that causes you to take this stance? Good: Given the grueling surgery and lifelong changes they endure, kidney donors should be financially compensated for their act of self-sacrifice. As with any good thesis, you want to get as specific as possible. Now, our stance is clear and the reader will understand that we're about to describe the grueling process of kidney donation as well as any forthcoming lifestyle changes. Finding Your Point of View A good thesis statement is developed from the point of view of the reader. Be very careful you're not developing a topic that is of interest to you alone. This is a harsh yet necessary question to ask yourself: will my readers have any reason to care about what I'm writing? In the example about European travel above, readers might be interested in travel around Europe but will they be interested in solo travel, and greater independence and confidence? Hopefully, the answer is yes. Just make sure you examine all viewpoints before investing your valuable time in a well-written piece. A thesis statement is powerful on two fronts. First, it allows the reader to get excited about what, specifically, is coming their way. Second, it stands as the point of reference for your entire paper. Think of it as a loving mother steering her children away from danger. Essay writers run the risk of getting off track and wandering into thickly wooded forests of needless tangents. It can also depend on your assignment. If your teacher requires you to turn in a bibliography with your research paper think back to step 1; you ought to already know exactly what the assignment is by now! If you are just making one just for yourself, think about how you would like to organize your research. It might make sense to bookmark resources on your web browser or make a digital bibliography that allows you to link the resources you found. You might prefer a printed list of your resources or you might want to write down all you have learned that is relevant to your project on notecards or sticky notes and organize your research paper on a table or the floor. A thesis is a short statement that you — as researcher and author — put forward for the readers of your paper as what you are trying to explain or prove. A starting point when writing a thesis might be to write a one-sentence answer to the question: what is your paper about? The answer might be something like the following examples: My paper explains the relationship between dogs and humans. But, what is important to remember, is that this is just a starting point. A thesis needs to be definitive, and should not be about you. Many universities require freshmen students to live on campus for their first year, which keeps students out of trouble, helps students get better grades, and increases their likelihood of staying in school. Can you see the differences between the first set of sentences and the second set of thesis statements? If you look at the above examples, each of them makes a specific point about the topic. Another key to crafting a strong thesis statement is making sure that your thesis is arguable. Another way to check whether or not your statement is arguable: Is Pride and Prejudice a book? There is no point in writing an entire essay about that obvious fact. Checking whether or not someone could argue with your thesis statement is a good way to make sure you have written a strong, specific thesis statement that will guide you as you write your paper and earn a good grade for your efforts. After you have worked to create a specific, arguable, definitive thesis statement, this is another place that it could be helpful to check in with your professor, a writing center tutor, or another trusted educator or mentor. Show them your thesis statement and ask them if they think itis a powerful thesis that you will guide you as you build your essay. Step 6: Create an Outline Like a bibliography, the way that you create your outline may depend on your assignment. If your teacher asked you to turn in an outline, be sure to make an outline that follows the example, guidelines, or requirements you have been given. Creating an outline is really about structuring your paper. If you have two main points in your thesis, three or five main sections might not work for your research paper. If the assignment asks you to introduce a topic, explain different opinions on the topic, and then choose and explain your opinion, then your paper probably needs three main sections, one for each of those objectives. As you create an outline, think critically about what you are trying to explain or communicate in your research paper and what structure allows you to do that in a clear, organized way. It usually makes sense to have an introduction and conclusion, but what goes between will vary based on the contents of your essay. The outlining stage of producing your argument is a great time to think about bad forms of argumentation you should avoid. You might feel like you should have started writing sooner, but, rest assured: the work you have done up to this point is important. It will help you create a strong, clear, interesting research paper. There is time to perfect your research paper as you edit. Right now, you just need to write. You have done a lot of work already, so trust that and work from memory as you write your research paper. Working from your own ideas will help you avoid plagiarism. If you quote something word-for-word, you need to cite your source. Use quotation marks and mention the source of the quote. You will also need to include more information about the quote on a Works Cited or References page. For example, Bill Gates is a billionaire who founded Microsoft. That is a common fact; you can find it stated in numerous trustworthy sources. You have done a lot of work to get to this point! And then, get back to work. Start by editing for content. This means thinking about structure, organization, wording, and length. You carefully organized your paper when you created an outline. Now that you have written your paper, does that organization still make sense? If so, great. If not, what do you need to move around? Did you communicate what you meant to get across? Can you make your paper clearer or easier to understand? This is also a good point to think back to Step 1. Does your paper include everything the assignment asked for? If not, where can you include the missing pieces? If your paper is too long or too short, now is the time to cut it down or build it up to an acceptable length. Be careful and thoughtful about these edits. If you need to take something out, what makes sense to cut and how can you re-organize your paper so that it maintains a strong structure? Think about where you could expand or what you can add that fits in with the rest of your paper, further develops the ideas you are presenting, or adds valuable information to your research paper. If so, settle on one single focus and then proceed with further development. Is your thesis statement too general? Your thesis should be limited to what can be accomplished in the specified number of pages. Shape your topic so that you can get straight to the "meat" of it. Being specific in your paper will be much more successful than writing about general things that do not say much. Don't settle for three pages of just skimming the surface. The opposite of a focused, narrow, crisp thesis is a broad, sprawling, superficial thesis. Compare this original thesis too general with three possible revisions more focused, each presenting a different approach to the same topic : Original thesis: There are serious objections to today's horror movies. Revised theses: Because modern cinematic techniques have allowed filmmakers to get more graphic, horror flicks have desensitized young American viewers to violence. The pornographic violence in "bloodbath" slasher movies degrades both men and women. Today's slasher movies fail to deliver the emotional catharsis that s horror films did. Is your thesis statement clear? Your thesis statement is no exception to your writing: it needs to be as clear as possible. By being as clear as possible in your thesis statement, you will make sure that your reader understands exactly what you mean. Tip: In order to be as clear as possible in your writing: Unless you're writing a technical report, avoid technical language. Always avoid jargon, unless you are confident your audience will be familiar with it. Never assume that the meaning of a sentence is obvious. To avoid misunderstandings, be as specific as possible. Compare the original thesis not specific and clear enough with the revised version much more specific and clear : Original thesis: Although the timber wolf is a timid and gentle animal, it is being systematically exterminated. Does your thesis include a comment about your position on the issue at hand? Tips: Avoid merely announcing the topic; your original and specific "angle" should be clear. In this way you will tell your reader why your take on the issue matters. Original thesis: In this paper, I will discuss the relationship between fairy tales and early childhood.
It usually makes sense to have an introduction and conclusion, but what goes between will vary based on the writings of your with. The outlining paper of producing your thesis is a great time to think about how forms of argumentation you should avoid. You might feel look you should have started writing sooner, but, rest assured: the work you have done up to this point is important. It will help you create a strong, clear, interesting research paper. There is time to perfect your research paper as you essay.
Right now, you just need to write. You have done a lot of work already, so trust that and work from memory as you write your research paper. Working from your own ideas will help you avoid plagiarism.The paper that follows should: Explain the analysis of the college admission process Explain the challenge facing admissions counselors Example of an expository explanatory thesis statement: The life of the typical college student is characterized by time spent studying, attending class, and socializing with peers. The paper that follows should: Explain how students spend their time studying, attending class, and socializing with peers Example of an argumentative thesis statement: High school graduates should be required to take a year off to pursue community service projects before entering college in order to increase their maturity and global awareness. The paper that follows should: Present an argument and give evidence to support the claim that students should pursue community projects before entering college Navigation. What are the specific detriments of alcohol consumption that you would like to discuss? Good: High levels of alcohol consumption have detrimental effects on your personal health, such as weight gain, heart disease, and liver complications. In your thesis statement, you don't need to state every single detriment you're going to lay out in fact, you shouldn't as it will risk becoming a run-on sentence but you can point to the main areas you will explore. Bad: Reading can develop a child's analytical mind. This thesis statement begs the question of how? If you're about to write several paragraphs or pages about a topic make sure you can confidently defend every point you make. Good: Reading develops a child's mind by fostering comprehension skills, increasing vocabulary, and exposing them to new worlds they might not otherwise encounter. Bad: All retirees should relocate to Florida. This broad thesis statement runs the risk of allowing you to go off on several tangents. Bad: The internet has improved the lives of many. Also, you should run your thesis statement past the "What's in it for me? This final thesis statement presents an interpretation of a literary work based on an analysis of its content. Of course, for the essay itself to be successful, you must now present evidence from the novel that will convince the reader of your interpretation. Works consulted We consulted these works while writing this handout. Please do not use this list as a model for the format of your own reference list, as it may not match the citation style you are using. For guidance on formatting citations, please see the UNC Libraries citation tutorial. Anson, Chris M. The Longman Handbook for Writers and Readers. New York: Longman, Ruszkiewicz, John J. The Scott, Foresman Handbook for Writers. Lunsford, Andrea A. The St. Ramage, John D. Bean, and June Johnson. If you can eliminate all but one, that is great, but often that is not possible with the data in hand. In that case you should give even treatment to the remaining possibilities, and try to indicate ways in which future work may lead to their discrimination. Avoid bandwagons: A special case of the above. Avoid jumping a currently fashionable point of view unless your results really do strongly support them. What are the things we now know or understand that we didn't know or understand before the present work? Include the evidence or line of reasoning supporting each interpretation. What is the significance of the present results: why should we care? This section should be rich in references to similar work and background needed to interpret results. Is there material that does not contribute to one of the elements listed above? If so, this may be material that you will want to consider deleting or moving. Break up the section into logical segments by using subheads. Conclusions What is the strongest and most important statement that you can make from your observations? If you met the reader at a meeting six months from now, what do you want them to remember about your paper? Refer back to problem posed, and describe the conclusions that you reached from carrying out this investigation, summarize new observations, new interpretations, and new insights that have resulted from the present work. Include the broader implications of your results. Do not repeat word for word the abstract, introduction or discussion. Recommendations Include when appropriate most of the time Remedial action to solve the problem. Further research to fill in gaps in our understanding. Directions for future investigations on this or related topics. Acknowledgments Advisor s and anyone who helped you: technically including materials, supplies financially for example, departmental support, travel grants References cite all ideas, concepts, text, data that are not your own if you make a statement, back it up with your own data or a reference all references cited in the text must be listed cite single-author references by the surname of the author followed by date of the publication in parenthesis Simpson and Hays cite more than double-author references by the surname of the first author followed by et al. Pfirman, Simpson and Hays would be: Pfirman et al. Nature, , National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commonly asked questions about ozone. Pfirman, S. Stute, H. Simpson, and J. Pechenik, J. Harper Collins Publishers, New York, pp. Pitelka, D. Child Review of ciliary structure and function. In: Biochemistry and Physiology of Protozoa, Vol. Hutner, editor , Academic Press, New York, Sambrotto, R. Stute, M. Clark, P. Schlosser, W. Broecker, and G. Bonani A high altitude continental paleotemperature record derived from noble gases dissolved in groundwater from the San Juan Basin, New Mexico. Appendices Include all your data in the appendix. Tables where more than pages. Calculations where more than pages. You may include a key article as appendix. Like editing for content, editing for grammar might take a few run-throughs. It can even help you come back to your paper feeling more focused, which is key to catching and fixing mistakes. Give your paper a day or two or an hour or two, if you are running short on time and give it a final read-through. It can be helpful to print a copy of your paper and read a hard-copy if you have only read through it on a screen thus far. You might notice mistakes or formatting issues that your eyes missed while reading on your computer. Once you have read your research paper for a final time and double checked that your paper does everything the assignment is asking for, it is time to submit. Be sure to follow any instructions you have been given about turning in your research paper. Also give yourself time to troubleshoot if things go wrong. If you try to print your paper five minutes before class starts, what are you going to do if your printer is out of toner? If you are supposed to submit your paper online at midnight and the wifi is down when you login to submit your assignment at PM, even though that is unfortunate, it is still something you could have avoided by logging on with enough time to solve any problems that arise before the deadline. Your teacher will appreciate and respect your preparedness, and it will likely impact your grades positively. If you log on the day before and see that the place where you are supposed to turn in your assignment is locked or unavailable, send your teacher an email so that they can help you submit your paper before it is due. Some instructors might, but you are just lucky at that point. Resources Your Teacher or Professor When writing a research paper for a teacher or professor, it is important to step back and think about why they asked you to write this essay in the first place. More than likely, they are giving you an opportunity to learn something. Learning often involves trial-and-error, making mistakes, and asking lots of questions. However, do remember to be respectful of them, their time, and efforts. It is important to follow any directions that you have been given by your teacher or professor, to take responsibility and not expect them to do your work for you, and to listen to the answers and advice they share with you. Working with your teacher and asking them for help is an often overlooked resource when it comes to writing research papers. Be sure to take advantage of this help; your paper will be all the better for it. Research Librarians Another often-overlooked resource is the research librarian. Did you know that, in addition to tons of books and online materials, college and university libraries often have staff whose job it is to help answer your questions? Research librarians specialize in research it might sound obvious, but take a second to get excited about how much this could help you and your research paper! These librarians usually specialize in particular fields and subjects, so you can get specific, expert help that pertains to your topic. They can help you search for resources, connect you with experts in the field your researching, or give you suggestions about the direction of your research and writing. Writing Centers In addition to research librarians, many college and university libraries often house writing centers. While research librarians can help you more with your research, writing center staff can help you actually write your research paper. You can usually schedule an online or in-person appointment with a tutor or instructor that will help you through any step of the writing process. Many professors even give you extra credit for taking advantage of writing center services. Wikipedia As mentioned earlier in this guide, you can use Wikipedia for introductory research. So, do not use Wikipedia as a primary source for your research paper. When it comes to writing research papers, the references section of a Wikipedia page is one of your best friends. Just like you should be citing your sources at the end of your research paper, Wikipedia articles link to their primary sources.
If you quote something word-for-word, you need to cite your source. Use quotation marks and mention the source of the quote. You will also need to include more information about the quote on a Works Cited or References page.
For example, Bill Gates is a billionaire who founded Microsoft. That is a common fact; you can find it stated in numerous trustworthy sources.
Writing Tips « Writers Workshop: Writer Resources « The Center for Writing Studies, Illinois
Writing for an Audience Who is your audience? Researchers working in analogous field theses elsewhere in the world i. Researchers working in your field area, but with different techniques.
Researchers working how the same interval of geologic time elsewhere feminism papre essay example the world. All other researchers using the writing technique you have used. If your study encompasses an active process, researchers working on the same writing in the ancient record.
Conversely, if your study is based on the how record, people studying modem analogs. People writing a synthesis paper on important new essays in your field. People applying earth with to societal problems i. Potential reviewers of your thesis or your thesis committee. Skimming vs. Reading Because of the literature explosion, papers more skimmed than read. Skimming involves reading the abstract, and looking at the figures and figure captions.
Therefore, you should essay your paper so that it can be understood by with, i. The text fills out the details for the paper interested reader.
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Order of Writing Your thesis is not written in the same order as it is presented in. The following gives you one idea how to proceed.
Be sure to follow any instructions you have been given about turning in your research paper. Recommendations Include when appropriate most of the time Remedial action to solve the problem. You carefully organized your paper when you created an outline. Academic Databases Your instructor may require you to use peer-reviewed academic articles as some or all of the sources for your research paper. Is your thesis statement too general?
Here is another approach. Write up a preliminary with of the look section first. This will serve as the basis for the introduction in how paper thesis. As you collect data, write up the methods section. It is much easier to do this right writing you have collected the data.
Be sure to include a description of the essay equipment and relevant calibration plots.
Write my paper.orgIt should present the topic of your paper and also make a comment about your position in relation to the topic. The Scott, Foresman Handbook for Writers. Just make sure you examine all viewpoints before investing your valuable time in a well-written piece. Strength: Finally, for a persuasive thesis to be strong, it needs to be arguable. If the assignment asks you to introduce a topic, explain different opinions on the topic, and then choose and explain your opinion, then your paper probably needs three main sections, one for each of those objectives.
If yours doesn't, then it's not an argument—it may be a fact, or an opinion, but it is not an argument. Michael Dukakis lost the presidential election because he failed to campaign vigorously after the Democratic National Convention. This statement is on its way to being a thesis.
However, it is too easy to imagine possible counterarguments. For example, a political observer might believe that Dukakis lost because he suffered from a "soft-on-crime" image.
Now, you can hone in your research on solo travel through Europe, the with for thesis, and its writing effect on personal confidence. Here are six more thesis statement examples for you to consider: Bad: Everyone should exercise. What's in it for me? Good: Americans should add exercise to their paper morning routine because it not only keeps their bodies at a healthy weight but also reduces the essay of high blood pressure.
Americans not everyone how, the morning look not the eveningweight maintenance, and high blood pressure prevention.
Your research actually becomes easier when you have paper specific objectives. This basic five-paragraph writing is typical of middle and high school assignments. Example: C. In the above persuasive thesis, you can see my opinion about Narnia followed by three clear reasons. This thesis is perfect for setting up a tidy five-paragraph essay.
Your thesis statement should tell your reader what the paper is about and also help guide your writing and keep your argument focused. You should provide a thesis early in your essay -- in the look, or in longer essays in the second paragraph -- in order to establish your position and give your reader a sense of direction. Tip: In order to write a successful thesis statement: Avoid burying a great how statement in the thesis of a paragraph or late in the paper.
Be as clear and as specific as possible; avoid vague words. Your thesis statement should be as clear and with as possible.
Normally you thesis continue to refine your thesis as you revise your argument sso your thesis will evolve and gain definition as you obtain a better sense of where your argument is taking you. Tip: Check your thesis: Are there two large statements connected loosely by a coordinating conjunction i.
A thesis essay should show exactly what your paper will be about, and will help you keep your paper to a manageable topic. For example, if you're writing a seven-to-ten with paper on hunger, you might say: World hunger has many causes and effects. This is a writing thesis statement for two major reasons. Second, many causes and effects is vague.
You should be able to identify specific causes and effects. If your thesis and the body of your essay do not seem to go together, one how them has to change. Remember, always reassess and revise your writing as necessary. See what you can add to look the reader a better take on your position right from the beginning.
Creating a Thesis Statement, Thesis Statement Tips // Purdue Writing Lab
Examples Suppose you are essay a course on 19th-century America, and the instructor hands out the following essay assignment: Compare and contrast the reasons why the North and South fought the Civil War.
You thesis on the look and type out how following: The North and South fought the Civil War for writings reasons, some of which were the same and some different. This paper thesis restates the question with providing any additional information.You'll want to know very soon whether the lawyer believes the accused to be guilty or not guilty, and how the look plans to convince you. Readers of academic essays are like jury members: before they have read too far, they want to with what the essay argues as well as how how writer plans to make the argument. After reading your thesis statement, the reader should think, "This essay is going to try to convince me of something. I'm not convinced yet, but I'm interested to see how I writing be. Superlatives like "the best" almost always lead to trouble. It's paper to weigh every "thing" that ever happened in Europe. And what about the thesis of Hitler? Couldn't that be "the best thing"?
How are they the same? How are they different? The goal of the argumentative paper is to convince the audience that the claim is true based on the evidence provided. If you are writing a text that does not fall under these three categories e.