The experience of applying evidence-based practices helped inform how Bloomberg Philanthropies approached its work on tobacco control. The Bloomberg initiative has also focused on building and expanding the capacity of countries to sustain tobacco-control efforts. Currently, there are an estimated 1. As of the latest report in , about 4. We see that in the United States and across the world.
Warn people about the dangers of tobacco. Enforce bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship.
Raise taxes on tobacco. The tobacco epidemic is one of the biggest public health threats the world has ever faced, killing more than 8 million people a year, latest WHO data showed. Since the last tobacco report in , only one country, Brazil, has joined Turkey as the world's only countries to have passed all MPOWER policies at the highest level. Protect people from tobacco smoke. In addition to providing targeted support to more than developing countries worldwide, the Bloomberg initiative has partnered closely with ten large developing countries, including Brazil and China, to provide broader, more in-depth support for their tobacco control efforts. By far, the largest challenge has been countering the efforts of the well-heeled tobacco industry.
By focusing on strategies based on evidence and science and by focusing on the countries with the most tobacco use, the initiative has changed the landscape on global tobacco control. The effort takes a page out of the model that worked in New York City, in which city officials instituted and monitored regular population-based surveys of tobacco use among residents. With support from the Bloomberg Initiative, the law was strengthened in to include all public spaces. There, a smoke-free law passed in , which banned smoking in restaurants and government facilities. And the past several years have brought new challenges from the tobacco industry as it seeks to expand its market through promoting use of new alternative products, such as e-cigarettes and heated tobacco products.
With nearly one in five adults using tobacco in , and seven in ten adults who work indoors reporting exposure to second-hand smoke in that country, such tobacco control policies have been essential there. There, a smoke-free law passed in , which banned smoking in restaurants and government facilities.
The Bloomberg Initiative works through a global network of partners to support and defend countries implementing comprehensive tobacco control policies. As of the latest report in , about 4. The Bloomberg Initiative remains committed to supporting countries in continuing their critical work to combat the tobacco epidemic and to working together with them to save million lives, which is a goal of Bloomberg Philanthropies.
About 5 billion people, or 65 percent of the world's population, are now covered by at least one of the WHO's recommended anti-tobacco measures launched in , according to the WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic In addition to providing targeted support to more than developing countries worldwide, the Bloomberg initiative has partnered closely with ten large developing countries, including Brazil and China, to provide broader, more in-depth support for their tobacco control efforts. These measures provided "practical tools to help people kick the habit, adding years to their life and life to their years," Ghebreyesus said. Many countries that pass a single MPOWER policy go on to pass more, but some do not, and that deters progress on reducing smoking rates. We see that in the United States and across the world.
Raise taxes on tobacco. We know what is effective in reducing the rates of tobacco smoking: high prices on tobacco, legislation to protect children and adults from second-hand exposure, strict marketing bans, regulation of tobacco products, packaging and point-of-sale displays, raising public awareness, and limiting interactions between public officials and the tobacco industry. The set of tobacco-control measures, known as MPOWER, included six key strategies, namely monitor tobacco use and prevention policies, protect people from tobacco smoke, offer help to quit tobacco use, warn people about the dangers of tobacco, enforce bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship, and raise taxes on tobacco. But the persistent challenges in implementing some of the most effective strategies, such as tobacco taxation, and the constant challenges from the tobacco industry make clear that more work is needed. Get Our Newsletters. Although the specific level of risk associated with e-cigarettes has not yet been conclusively estimated, they are "undoubtedly harmful and should therefore be subject to regulation," the report said.
In addition, the report provides a special focus on legislation to ban tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship TAPS in WHO Member States and an in-depth analyses of TAPS bans were performed, allowing for a more detailed understanding of progress and future challenges in this area. The achievements of the Bloomberg Initiative to Reduce Tobacco Use demonstrate that country partnerships with a private donor can create sustainable, impactful change that is driven by those countries.
Despite the progress, the report noted that many countries are still not adequately implementing the MPOWER policies, which can effectively help people quit tobacco and save lives.