I see others paradoxically killed for the ideas and illusions that give them a reason for living. Why do we live? Almost everyone will question themselves at some point in their lives about their meaning or purpose in life. For some, life without meaning is equivalent to death, that is if life has no meaning, why bother living when eventually, you know you are going to die?
Over the years, philosophers have been preoccupied with finding an answer to the meaning of life. I shall focus on three major philosophical views in my essay — Theism, Nihilism and Existentialism. I will also discuss my personal opinions on the meaning of life. Theism is the belief, in one or more gods as the creator s and ruler s of the universe, without rejection of revelation.
Some examples of theism include religions like Christianity, Judaism, Hinduism and Islam. In Theism, it is believed that God, an omnipotent and omniscient entity, gives meaning to man, his creation.
God is the creator of the universe and has control over our destiny in life. Believers of theism require strong faith. Another important aspect of Theism is that there is existence of a spiritual and physical world. We are currently in the physical world, when we die, we will transcend to the spiritual world and live our afterlife.
In most religions, there is a concept of heaven and hell whereby those who do good deeds will proceed to heaven whilst those who commit evil will go to hell when they die. This view satisfied the question of the meaning of life as people who believe in this, have a purpose, that is to do as what God wills them to do, and to go to heaven. In other words, Theism is the belief in an afterlife where one shall find eternal satisfaction.
Explaining the process of free will through quantum phenomena is a popular alternative to determinism. Parapsychology Based on the premises of non-materialistic explanations of the mind, some have suggested the existence of a cosmic consciousness , asserting that consciousness is actually the "ground of all being".
In hopes of proving the existence of these phenomena, parapsychologists have orchestrated various experiments, but successful results might be due to poor experimental controls and might have alternative explanations.
You need to have sufficient understanding of who you are, what life demands of you, and how you can play a significant role in life. You and you alone are responsible for deciding what kind of life you want to live, and what constitutes a significant and worthwhile life goal.
You will enjoy a deep sense of significance and satisfaction only when you have exercised your responsibility for self-determination and actively pursue a worthy life-goal.
Thus, a sense of significance permeates every dimension of meaning, rather than stands as a separate factor. Although most psychology researchers consider meaning in life as a subjective feeling or judgment, most philosophers e. Plato is pointing heavenwards to the sky, and Aristotle is gesturing to the world. Platonism Main article: Platonism Plato , a pupil of Socrates , was one of the earliest, most influential philosophers.
His reputation comes from his idealism of believing in the existence of universals. His theory of forms proposes that universals do not physically exist, like objects, but as heavenly forms. In the dialogue of the Republic , the character of Socrates describes the Form of the Good.
His theory on justice in the soul relates to the idea of happiness relevant to the question of the meaning of life. In Platonism, the meaning of life is in attaining the highest form of knowledge, which is the Idea Form of the Good, from which all good and just things derive utility and value.
Aristotelianism Main article: Aristotelian ethics Aristotle , an apprentice of Plato , was another early and influential philosopher, who argued that ethical knowledge is not certain knowledge such as metaphysics and epistemology , but is general knowledge. Because it is not a theoretical discipline, a person had to study and practice in order to become "good"; thus if the person were to become virtuous , he could not simply study what virtue is, he had to be virtuous, via virtuous activities.
On the other hand, atheists who have significant projects and relationships could feel their lives are full of meaning. So, it seems to still be unclear as to how religion helps bring meaning to a person's life.
There are, she says, as many different types of people as there are philosophies. Throughout the millennia, different philosophers had different answers. Existentialists think life has no meaning. Wittgenstein believed that the question itself was meaningless.
Darwinians, of course, thought the meaning of life was to produce more life. Being a human being is much more than that, deeper and more passionate. Being a human being is to have the ability to having rational thought and to think deeply.
Being a human is finding a meaning or a purpose. He debates that a good man does not need friends but the points he brings up proves that a good man can not live a pleasant life in solitary. Many believe this to be true based off of Aristotle points that a good man does not need friends as long as they are self sufficient and blessedly happy If you type this question into Google, you will get many of the following answers: leave a legacy, get rich, love and explore.
The one answer that comes up a lot of times is to always be satisfied. We as humans think that we can be satisfied when we have a great career, family, kids, and lots of money. If we look in the bible at the book of Ecclesiastes we can see the story of a man that has everything he can possibly want.
Man 's Search For Meaning - iktor E. Man 's Search for Meaning. Boston: Beacon, What ideas and insights of the author did you find to be the most profound and why. How would you best describe the ethical core of the author. Cite evidence of that from the book. In what ways did you allow the text to speak into your personal and professional life.
How can the text contribute to your life. What changes, if any, would you like to make in your personal ethical framework as a result of having read the text He mentions this is rather hard to do and decides to define what meaninglessness is in order to understand the exact opposite: meaningfulness.
Taylor asks the reader to recall the famous myth of Sisyphus to come about the definition of meaninglessness. He states that Sisyphus was condemned to roll a large boulder up a hill, only to have that boulder roll back down the hill, forcing him to repeat the task forever.
Despite all his efforts, his existence amounts to nothing more than endlessly repeating the same task, which itself contributes to no greater goal or purpose However, whether it be a traditional family or not, family values have continuously held an extremely important role in popular culture in the past and within present. In short, in does not matter who the people are and what they are fighting for, they can only win if they able to hold the power in their hands; that those who commit immoral actions will continue expand as they success.
Due to the fact that the only people whose win a war are those who hold the power, people should learn to participate activities with others people so that they can learn new information and start put it in consideration for future decisions.
As much as people try to make the world better, they did not understand the corruption lies inside the process they create The word love has been tossed around by everybody and not very many people really understand the true meaning of love. There are some exceptions, but I think this is especially true for teenagers and young adults.
I might be one of those people who do not fully understand the topic of love, but I hope to better understand the topic of love and its true meaning is this course. First, you need to differentiate that love for someone and a love for something is completely different Such a word is not to strong to describe what Henri felt towards his general and emperor, Napoleon.
Such a word accurately describes the feelings that were harbored by Villanelle towards the same man, her conqueror and oppressor. If one single man can produce such contrary feelings from two people, then what does that say about him. What then is the meaning of Napoleon. Through out the course of the novel, Napoleon plays different parts. Through the eyes of Henri he is both hero and villain, while the latter description is held most constantly by Villanelle Well known Greek philosphers such as Socrates and Plato believed that our purpose in this life was to gain knowledge in preparation for the next life.
Other Philosophers such as Epicurus believed that pleasure is the main goal in life. After giving these ideas lots of thought, I have come to my own conclusion that the true meaning of life is far more complex than either of these; far too complex for any human to fully comprehend. In fact these two different philosophies are only part of the grand picture First, to clear up any misunderstandings in the next few paragraphs you are about to read, I shall explain a few things.
I am not talking about the individual people in our lives, that mean so much to us, or individual lives. That is a whole other matter. What I mean by the "meaning of life", is the greater picture.
There are people all over the world, doing their own thing, living their own lives, in their own areas. Is there a point to this. The people themselves, benefit from learning and having experiences while they're alive, but then they die, and all they have accomplished, ends Murray argues that language itself cannot know what it means to exist, yet Shakespeare uses his language to directly define what the meaning of life is and how to be successful in this lifetime.
However, is it possible that both of these poets are correct in regards to their own viewpoints. Despite the negative social stigma behind tattoos, many are able to find significance within the concept. Many believe that the man who likes to care for his things, himself to be a more self-reliant man than the other man. Today, we will shall try to prove this theory either correct or incorrect and we will break down the meaning of self-reliance and try to figure what it is.So in honor to eliminate the arbitrary, belief systems must be set solid. Mitchell, is trapped with the meaning of life. God is the philosophy of the universe and has control over our story in life. Oppositions maintain that soul-centered theorists are life too Synthesis of carbamazepine pregnancy a standard for appraising the undeniable of people's lives Baier—29; Baierchs.
For instance, one would not be conceptually confused to claim that a meaningless life full of animal pleasures would be worth living. Obtaining the object of some variable pro-attitude is not sufficient for meaning, on this view. This discovery takes us back to World War II and the extreme suffering that took place in the Nazi concentration camps and outlines a detailed analysis of the prisoners psyche. We will search and see if being self-reliant means doing everything for yourself with no other help or is there a greater meaning to this broad term
He was even expelled because his views were considered too radical. Now, it might be that a focus on any kind of purpose is too narrow for ruling out the logical possibility that meaning could inhere in certain actions, experiences, states, or relationships that have not been adopted as ends and willed and that perhaps even could not be, e. Dworkin, R. Life is tried and proven knowledge that has withstood the test of geological time. The first one is often expressed by laypeople and is suggested by the work of Leo Tolstoy ; see also Hanfling , 22—24; Morris , 26; Craig I might be one of those people who do not fully understand the topic of love, but I hope to better understand the topic of love and its true meaning is this course.
Some examples of theism include religions like Christianity, Judaism, Hinduism and Islam. However, it might also be worth questioning whether boredom is truly sufficient for meaninglessness. Nielsen, K. This means that, if one has not tasted all the riches of life, he or she tends to adhere to various ideals or norms without the honor of your own perception and experience. These two immaterial forces culminate into a beautiful and tenuous composition creating an awareness of abject mortality that indirectly contributes to the breadth and depth of human existence.
After giving these ideas lots of thought, I have come to my own conclusion that the true meaning of life is far more complex than either of these; far too complex for any human to fully comprehend. Now, it might be that a focus on any kind of purpose is too narrow for ruling out the logical possibility that meaning could inhere in certain actions, experiences, states, or relationships that have not been adopted as ends and willed and that perhaps even could not be, e.
When intellectual intelligence does not stand in the way of this kind of personal growth, but contributes to it, we can call this balance maturity. Greg Studen, Novelty, Ohio A problem with this question is that it is not clear what sort of answer is being looked for. In my opinion, we provide the meaning to our own lives. This work is just as important to read as any Shakespearean piece. For two examples, some claim that God must exist in order for there to be a just world, where a world in which the bad do well and the good fare poorly would render our lives senseless Craig ; cf. Your potential for acquiring knowledge and applying it creatively is unlimited.
Pure objectivists deny that subjective attraction plays any constitutive role in conferring meaning on life. In the second chapter, however, this narrator changes to a mere bystander. Many people find the question of the meaning of life a religious one.
Levinson, J. What are we living for?
To do so would bring an end to all questions. At any stage in our life, we always have responsibilities to fulfill and work to do.
Moreover, a smile and sense of humor are also very important. However, for such an analysis to clearly demarcate meaningfulness from happiness, it would be useful to modify it to indicate which purposes are germane to the former. Explaining the process of free will through quantum phenomena is a popular alternative to determinism. Mairet tr. A significantly existential theory, logotherapy deals primarily with the importance meaning in life. Thomson, G.
Such cases would be too perverse and morally repugnant to regard as anything other than pathological. Atheism What is it Does life have a meaning?