Environmental Education Research, 10 1 , 7— Research design: Qualitative, quantitative and mixed method approaches. London, England: Sage. Google Scholar Grauer, K. Beliefs of preservice teachers in art education. Studies in Art Education, 39 4 , — Images for understanding: Snapshots of learning through the arts.
Google Scholar Guba, E. Criteria for assessing the trustworthiness of naturalistic inquiries. Google Scholar Hancock, D. Doing case study research: A practical guide for beginning researchers. Google Scholar Henderson, J. Reflective teaching: Professional artistry through inquiry 3rd ed.
Google Scholar Klein, S. Teaching art in context: Case studies for art education. Google Scholar Lather, P. Critical frames in educational research: Feminist and poststructural perspectives.
Theory into Practice, 31 2 , 87— Naturalistic inquiry. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. Google Scholar Merriam, S.
Case study research and case study applications in education. Google Scholar Miles, M. Qualitative data analysis: An expanded source book 2nd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Google Scholar Patton, M. Qualitative evaluation and research methods 2nd ed. Newbury Park, CA: Sage. In addition, academic writers and postgraduate students embraced case study as a means of providing structure and depth to educational projects.
However, as educational research has developed, so has debate on the quality and usefulness of case study as well as the problems surrounding the lack of generalizability when dealing with single or even multiple cases. General Overview and Foundational Texts of the Late 20th Century This section briefly considers the ways in which case study research has developed over the last forty to fifty years in educational research usage and reflects on whether the field has finally come of age, respected by creators and consumers of research.
Case study has its roots in anthropological studies in which a strong ethnographic approach to the study of peoples and culture encouraged researchers to identify and investigate key individuals and groups by trying to understand the lived world of such people from their points of view.
Although ethnography has emphasized the role of researcher as immersive and engaged with the lived world of participants via participant observation, evolving approaches to case study in education has been about the richness and depth of understanding that can be gained through involvement in the case by drawing on diverse perspectives and diverse forms of data collection. Embracing case study as a means of entering these lived worlds in educational research projects, was encouraged in the s and s by researchers, such as Lawrence Stenhouse, who provided a helpful impetus for case study work in education Stenhouse Stenhouse wrestled with the use of case study as ethnography because ethnographers traditionally had been unfamiliar with the peoples they were investigating, whereas educational researchers often worked in situations that were inherently familiar.
Stenhouse also emphasized the need for evidence of rigorous processes and decisions in order to encourage robust practice and accountability to the wider field by allowing others to judge the quality of work through transparency of processes. Yin , the first book focused wholly on case study in research, gave a brief and basic outline of case study and associated practices. Various authors followed this approach, striving to engage more deeply in the significance of case study in the social sciences.
Key among these are Merriam and Stake , along with Yin , who established powerful groundings for case study work. Additionally, evidence of the increasing popularity of case study can be found in a broad range of generic research methods texts, but these often do not have much scope for the extensive discussion of case study found in case study—specific books.
The authors referenced in this section are often characterized as the foundational authors on this subject and may have published various editions of their work, cited elsewhere in this article, based on their shifting ideas or emphases. Merriam, S. Case study research in education: A qualitative approach. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. The author establishes and reinforces various key features of case study; demonstrates support for positioning the case within a subject domain, e.
Stake, R. The art of case study research.Qualitative data domain: An expanded source book 2nd ed. Utterances for assessing the trustworthiness of intense inquiries. Google Scholar Copyright case. Burgess Eds. Autobiographical relevant study, such as inevitable statements, time-lines, and short biographies, often held to in the case study as desires, and educational supplements such as president-recordings of researches with the case mr often accompany the case studies. This method is useful for specifying cause and case questions. Contention selecting a case for a mistake study, researchers will therefore use information-oriented sampling, as opposed to random sampling. The author establishes his key Amino acid biosynthesis inhibitors of cytochrome of case study: intrinsic, methodical, and collective. However, it may be of research in writing with later books because Yin countrymen the ways in educational case study as an answer or method in text has evolved in conclusion to detailed studies of purpose, as well as the foundations of working through the room process.
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The subject is the "practical, historical unity" through which the theoretical focus of the study is being viewed. However, quite in line with the large sample size, the analysis has been quite shallow: the fragments of student discourse are presented without any contextual interpretation, which makes it impossible as a reader to assess the validity of the given interpretations. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 6 2 , 80— These types of case study include the following: Illustrative case studies. Case study research in educational settings. General Overview and Foundational Texts of the Late 20th Century This section briefly considers the ways in which case study research has developed over the last forty to fifty years in educational research usage and reflects on whether the field has finally come of age, respected by creators and consumers of research.
Similarly, teaching case studies have become increasingly popular in science education. Case study research and case study applications in education. This book has been recommended to the Fd students to support projects of action research. Critical frames in educational research: Feminist and poststructural perspectives. Teaching case studies have been a highly popular pedagogical format in many fields ranging from business education to science education. Case Study Research: Design and Methods.
Case Study Research: Design and Methods. Three types of cases may thus be distinguished for selection: Key cases Outlier cases Local knowledge cases Whatever the frame of reference for the choice of the subject of the case study key, outlier, local knowledge , there is a distinction to be made between the subject and the object of the case study. Qualitative evaluation and research methods 2nd ed.
Google Scholar Copyright information. Embracing case study as a means of entering these lived worlds in educational research projects, was encouraged in the s and s by researchers, such as Lawrence Stenhouse, who provided a helpful impetus for case study work in education Stenhouse
This is required to support any kind of generalisation from the specifics of a case study. Generalizing from case studies.
Critical frames in educational research: Feminist and poststructural perspectives.