However, speculating as to why this correlation exists, and offering a hypothesis about what may be happening, belongs in the discussion section of your paper.
Present a section and then discuss it, before presenting the next section then discussing it, and so on. This is more common in longer papers because it helps the reader to better understand each finding. In this model, it can be helpful to provide a brief conclusion in the results section that ties each of the findings together and links to the discussion.
NOTE: The discussion section should generally follow the same format chosen in presenting and organizing the results. Content In general, the content of your results section should include the following elements: An introductory context for understanding the results by restating the research problem that underpins the purpose of your study. A summary of your key findings arranged in a logical sequence that generally follows your methodology section.
Inclusion of non-textual elements, such as, figures, charts, photos, maps, tables, etc. In the text, a systematic description of your results, highlighting for the reader observations that are most relevant to the topic under investigation [remember that not all results that emerge from the methodology that you used to gather the data may be relevant]. Use of the past tense when refering to your results. The page length of your results section is guided by the amount and types of data to be reported.
However, focus only on findings that are important and related to addressing the research problem. Using Non-textual Elements Either place figures, tables, charts, etc. In the text, refer to each non-textual element in numbered order [e. If you place non-textual elements at the end of the report, make sure they are clearly distinguished from any attached appendix materials, such as raw data. Regardless of placement, each non-textual element must be numbered consecutively and complete with caption [caption goes under the figure, table, chart, etc.
In proofreading your results section, be sure that each non-textual element is sufficiently complete so that it could stand on its own, separate from the text. Problems to Avoid When writing the results section, avoid doing the following: Discussing or interpreting your results. Save all this for the next section of your paper, although where appropriate, you should compare or contrast specific results to those found in other studies [e.
Reporting background information or attempting to explain your findings; this should have been done in your Introduction section, but don't panic! Often the results of a study point to the need to provide additional background information or to explain the topic further, so don't think you did something wrong. Revise your introduction as needed. Ignoring negative results. If some of your results fail to support your hypothesis, do not ignore them. Document them, then state in your discussion section why you believe a negative result emerged from your study.
Note that negative results, and how you handle them, often provides you with the opportunity to write a more engaging discussion section, therefore, don't be afraid to highlight them. Including raw data or intermediate calculations. Ask your professor if you need to include any raw data generated by your study, such as transcripts from interviews or data files. If raw data is to be included, place it in an appendix or set of appendices that are referred to in the text. Be as factual and concise as possible in reporting your findings.
Do not use phrases that are vague or non-specific, such as, "appeared to be greater or lesser than If you feel the need to highlight something, you will have a chance to do that in the discussion section. Confusing figures with tables. Be sure to properly label any non-textual elements in your paper. If you are not sure, look up the term in a dictionary. Burton, Neil et al.
These sub-sections or divisions can be based on: Your research questions, hypotheses or models, or The statistical tests you have conducted. How to Clearly Report Your Research Findings If you have used statistical analyses in your academic article, and found answers to your research questions, report those facts in relation to your question. In any case, your results: help with the understanding of a research problem from within, assist in dividing the research problem into different parts and concepts, add to the exploration of an issue from various vantage points.
Summarizing Key Findings in Your Results Section In a coherent results presentation, you should: offer summarizing notes of your outcomes and save the explanations of your key discoveries for your Discussion section. For example, in your empirical analysis you notice an uncommon correlation between two variables. In the Results section, it is okay to bring up this outcome, however, posing new hypotheses for this uncommon result should be presented in the Discussion section.
Instead of using only descriptive text for your scholarly article, consider other visual ways and representations that improve the academic writing of your research paper. Figures, tables and graphs are useful methods for gathering a great deal of information into one place that can then be mentioned in the content of your article. If any research question or hypothesis is confirmed by your data and analysis, you can point to a table or figure that illustrates your finding.
When you present tables or figures in your results section, make sure to describe at least some of the data included in these visual representations so that readers can clearly understand how the table works and what interpretations can be concluded from them.
You can also use appendices if you have many other helpful figures or tables that cannot be fully included in the text of your academic article. Presenting Research Findings and Statistical Significance A systematic description of your research results and a correct data analysis and interpretation are related to statistical significance, as they help avoid speculations or misinterpretations by readers of your academic article.
In a valuable research paper: data must be directly and clearly presented, statistical tests need to be used, and the figures obtained and included in the study have to be explained. Tests of statistical significance should always be presented with your results to show that your research findings objectively confirm or disprove your hypotheses.
You need to report the research results with enough details so that readers can see which statistical analyses were conducted and validated to justify or disprove your hypotheses.It is very simple and fast to order your work online and to get an excellent paper just in the term! Always report your results with parenthetical reference to the statistical conclusion that supports your finding. While the Methods section explains how the data were collected, the Results section presents what data were accumulated. Bibliography Definition The results section is where you report the findings of your study based upon the methodology [or methodologies] you applied to gather information.
Rather than relying entirely on descriptive text, consider how your findings can be presented visually. Inclusion of non-textual elements, such as, figures, charts, photos, maps, tables, etc. Present the results followed by a short explanation of the findings.
Remember you should only share clear and understandable data received during your work in this part. Confusing figures with tables.
Tube 4's A was measured only at Time 0 and at the end of the experiment.
Consider the following two examples: Example without interpretation: The duration of exposure to running water had a pronounced effect on cumulative seed germination percentages Fig. Structure and Writing Style I. Visit your library and read some journal articles that are on your topic. Use of the past tense when refering to your results. Pay attention to how the authors present the results of their research. Focus on being concise and objective.
Simply relay the data in the most objective and straightforward way possible. Function: The function of the Results section is to objectively present your key results , without interpretation, in an orderly and logical sequence using both text and illustrative materials Tables and Figures. It is not uncommon to have unanticipated results that are not relevant to answering the research question. Now consider the following example: Example with interpretation: The results of the germination experiment Fig. Bates College; Schafer, Mickey S. Pay attention to how the authors present the results of their research.