To begin with, devise a preliminary structure. Talk about your primary motivation for devising the research paper. Mention the way in which you intend to tackle the subject. Does your paper amount to an accurate account, a book report, an analogy or an investigation of an issue?
Succinctly present the principal ideas you want to approach in the essay. Mention the reasons for which your audience ought to read your research paper. The order of presenting your arguments should be from the weakest to the strongest. Sum up the arguments you provided.
Indicate the reasons that led you to this particular conclusion. PHASE 5. Assess the study information in an analytical manner. Utilize the most reliable materials you can find and make sure the data is precise, authentic, of actuality and accurate.
It is also strongly recommended to take note of conflicting perspectives, provided that they aid you in substantiating your theory. This constitutes the most responsible phase of your writing process. Ultimately, your main target is to gain new knowledge regarding your subject. This is basically the true objective of any research paper. You also need to be capable of efficiently conveying your opinions, notions and study results in writing, as is the case with reviews, research or term papers, or verbally, as is the case with verbal or multimedia presentations.
Avoid mentioning any data that does not apply to your subject. In addition to that, avoid any mention of data that you fail to comprehend.
It goes without saying that you must avoid plagiarism by all means! Each external source you used must be referenced with all accuracy. During the process of structuring your observations, write down comprehensive bibliographical data for all of your quoted passages.
Later on, this information needs to be included in your Bibliography. Create your own technique of systematizing your observations. A particularly reliable method involves using specific colors or highlighters to distinguish the segments of your structure.
Comprehending the online environment C. Checklist two: Did I begin each paragraph with a proper topic sentence? Have I supported my arguments with documented proof or examples? Any run-on or unfinished sentences? Any unnecessary or repetitious words? Varying lengths of sentences?
Does one paragraph or idea flow smoothly into the next? Any spelling or grammatical errors? Quotes accurate in source, spelling, and punctuation? Are all my citations accurate and in correct format? Did I avoid using contractions? Did I use third person as much as possible? Did I leave a sense of completion for my reader s at the end of the paper? For an excellent source on English composition, check out this classic book by William Strunk, Jr.
Note: William Strunk, Jr. The Elements of Style was first published in There is also a particular formatting style you must follow. There are several formatting styles typically used. APA American Psychological Association style is mostly used to cite sources within the field of social sciences. It is important to follow any directions that you have been given by your teacher or professor, to take responsibility and not expect them to do your work for you, and to listen to the answers and advice they share with you.
Working with your teacher and asking them for help is an often overlooked resource when it comes to writing research papers. Be sure to take advantage of this help; your paper will be all the better for it. Research Librarians Another often-overlooked resource is the research librarian. Did you know that, in addition to tons of books and online materials, college and university libraries often have staff whose job it is to help answer your questions? Research librarians specialize in research it might sound obvious, but take a second to get excited about how much this could help you and your research paper!
These librarians usually specialize in particular fields and subjects, so you can get specific, expert help that pertains to your topic. They can help you search for resources, connect you with experts in the field your researching, or give you suggestions about the direction of your research and writing.
Writing Centers In addition to research librarians, many college and university libraries often house writing centers. While research librarians can help you more with your research, writing center staff can help you actually write your research paper. You can usually schedule an online or in-person appointment with a tutor or instructor that will help you through any step of the writing process.
Many professors even give you extra credit for taking advantage of writing center services. Wikipedia As mentioned earlier in this guide, you can use Wikipedia for introductory research.
So, do not use Wikipedia as a primary source for your research paper. When it comes to writing research papers, the references section of a Wikipedia page is one of your best friends. Just like you should be citing your sources at the end of your research paper, Wikipedia articles link to their primary sources.
You can use the list of references to find books, articles, and other material that can help you find reliable, relevant primary sources for use in your research.
Academic Databases Your instructor may require you to use peer-reviewed academic articles as some or all of the sources for your research paper. As a college student, you probably have access to a number of academic databases that you can use to find scholarly articles.
This skill will be a useful one to have, and you will be easily finding trustworthy, interesting sources in no time. This online resource offers a number of helpful writing materials, including information on how to cite sources, grammar rules, choosing a topic, and even how to write a research paper.
You can search for specific help, or browse resources by category. This free website is a must-visit online resource when writing a college research paper.
Grammarly Grammarly is like a super-powered spell checker. You can copy and paste your paper into the Grammarly editor and get spelling and grammar advice that is easy to implement. You need to go over each suggestion made by the software and make sure that it is indeed correcting an error or improving a sentence and not changing something that you meant to say.
That being said, Grammarly is great at catching errors and provides easy-to-understand explanations of spelling and grammar suggestions so you can knowledgeably make changes to your research paper. White Style guides may be mostly a thing of the past. You have probably used a spell checker or Googled where to put a comma, but you may never have opened a style guide.
However, this book, The Elements of Style, has helpful advice and information about writing. If you are looking for guidance when it comes to editing your paper, picking up a copy of this book may be just what you need.
The book consists of different sections, some with specific grammar and writing rules and definitions and others with general writing advice. You might feel like we keep saying this we do. That is especially important when it comes to formatting your paper. There are several different formatting styles and each has specific rules and guidelines.
Your instructor likely gave you instructions on which style to use, and if not you can ask which they prefer. Each style has a different name for the list of sources you attach at the end of your paper, different rules about headers and page numbers, etc.
You can find more information about whatever style you are working with in a style guide or from OWL at Purdue. Checklist If you are crafting a paper from scratch, start by reading through the above steps to learn how to write a strong research paper. If you have already written a paper, go over this checklist to ensure that it is ready to turn in.
Does your paper fulfill all of the requirements that the assignment asked for? If not, or if you are unsure, look back at Step 1. Did you stick to a topic that fits the assignment? Reference Step two as you think through topic selection. Are your sources credible, reliable, and logical?
Look at Steps three and four for help reflecting on your research. Do you have a clear, arguable thesis statement? For help with thesis statements, take a look at Step 5. Is your paper organized in a logical way that is easy to understand?
When thinking about outline and structure, see Step 6. Did you plagiarize? If you have any doubts, check out Step 7. Did you proofread for content and grammar improvements and errors? See Steps eight and nine for more information about proofreading and editing.
Is your paper properly formatted?Read source materials, view videos, listen to tapes or interviews and take notes. Like research, different people have different preferences here. What is it you may ask? Put all your note cards or paper in the order of your outline, e. But not all of us are born gifted writers. Your information will help you get there, but how will you want your journey. Be ready that you may use to revise your project more than once because it is not worth doing. That way, you will be taught you are on the right track. Messing your paper a day or two or an indicator or two, if you are seeking short on time and give it a medium read-through. Afterwards, you need to make an anecdote, body paragraphs, and a research. A good idea is to try paper recommendations based on the ingredients The art of case study research pdf files your investigation or urge some directions for further research. Tolerance the first step with title, in-text dropouts, and Works Cited page.
After all, you still have to write your research paper.
One must also identify a variety of potential sources of information, print as well as online. Afterwards, you need to write an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Next, you need to provide the background information, explain your goals, and how you plan to approach your research paper topic. Step 6: Create an Outline Like a bibliography, the way that you create your outline may depend on your assignment. I can help you through it.
Have I supported my arguments with documented proof or examples? While most print resources found in the media center have been chosen for accuracy and quality before inclusion, the Internet presents the researcher with enormous quantities of information that may or may not be authentic, accurate, or objective. Read the Guidelines Ever taken a shirt out of the dryer to find it has shrunk 10 sizes too small? It forms their view on what exactly they should expect in your paper. It may evolve and you are free to revise it and make changes. Step 9: Edit for Grammar It is also important to edit for grammar.
Read all the relevant notes you have gathered that have been marked, e. Is there an organization sponsoring the information, and do they seem legitimate Do they specialize in the subject?
An adequate structure is essential to devising a high-quality essay. If you have any doubts, check out Step 7. When paraphrasing, read your source at least once, digest it, look away from the source and write the main ideas in your own words, and then check it for accuracy.