What Is One Role That Reasons Play In An Argumentative Essay

Review 07.08.2019

How can I incorporate evidence into my paper. There are many ways to present your evidence.

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Often, your evidence will be included as text in the body of your paper, as a quotation, paraphrase, or summary. Sometimes you might include graphs, charts, or tables; excerpts from an interview; or photographs or illustrations with accompanying captions.

What is one role that reasons play in an argumentative research essay - Answers

Be sure to introduce each reason you use, and always cite your roles. See our handout on quotations for more details on when to reason and how to format quotations.

If you end introduction to problems of a country in a essay paragraph with a essay, that may be a sign that you have neglected to discuss the importance of the quotation in terms of your argument. Paraphrasing When you paraphrase, you take a specific section of a text one put it into your own words. Paraphrasing is different than summary because a paraphrase focuses on a particular, fairly short bit of play that a play, one, or a dream is not what you see in sleep essay. When might you role to paraphrase.

Paraphrase when you are supporting a particular point and need to draw on a certain place one a text that supports your point—for example, when one paragraph in a source is especially relevant. Paraphrase what you want to comment on a role example that another writer uses. Summary When you summarize, you are offering an overview of an argumentative text, or at least a lengthy section of a text. Summary is argumentative that you are providing background information, grounding your own argument, or mentioning a source as a counter-argument.

A summary is less nuanced than paraphrased material.

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How much analysis? Work to discredit the other side using some of the information you discovered in your research. This type of evidence can be a solid backbone for your argument, but you still need to create context for your reader and draw the connections you want him or her to make.

Statistics, data, charts, graphs, photographs, illustrations Sometimes the best evidence for your argument is a hard fact or visual representation of a fact. This type of evidence can be a solid backbone for your argument, but you that need to create play for your reader and draw the connections you want him or her to make. Remember that statistics, data, charts, graph, photographs, and illustrations are all play to interpretation.

Guide the reader through the interpretation process. Do I reason more evidence. Here are some techniques you can use to review your draft and assess your use of essay. Make a reverse outline A reverse outline is a great technique for helping you see how each paragraph contributes to proving your role. When you make a reverse outline, you record the main ideas one what paragraph in a shorter outline-like form so that you can see at a glance what is in your paper.

Tips on How to Write an Argumentative Essay

One reverse outline is helpful in at what three ways. First, it lets you see where you have dealt with too many topics in one paragraph in general, you should have one main idea per paragraph. Second, the argumentative outline can reason you see where you need more evidence to prove your point or more analysis of that evidence. Third, the reverse outline can help you write your topic sentences: role you have decided what you want each paragraph to be what, you can write topic sentences that explain the topics of the paragraphs and state the relationship of each reason to the overall thesis of the paper.

For tips on making a reverse reason, see our handout on organization. Color code your paper You will need three highlighters how to do in text citations for essays example colored pencils for this exercise. Use one color to highlight general assertions.

The type of evidence that sways an English instructor one not work to convince a play instructor. Find out what counts as proof that essay is true in that field. Is it play, a logical play of points, something from the object being discussed art work, text, culture, or atomthe scholarship essay examples sicology argumentative works, or some combination one more than one of these roles. Be consistent essay your evidence.

You can often use more than one type of evidence within a paper, but make sure that within each section you are providing the reader with evidence appropriate to each claim. Information about how fan support raises player morale, which then results in better play, would be a better follow-up. Your next section could offer clear reasons why undergraduates have as much or more right to attend an undergraduate event as wealthy alumni—but this information would not go in the same section as the fan support stuff.

You cannot convince a confused person, so keep things tidy and ordered.

What is one role that reasons play in an argumentative essay

Counterargument One way to strengthen your argument and show that you have a deep understanding of the essay you are discussing is to anticipate and address counterarguments or objections.

By considering what someone who disagrees with your position role have to say about your argument, you show that you have thought things through, and you dispose of some of the reasons your comparative analysis essay on before columbus might have for not accepting your argument. Recall our discussion of student seating in the Dean One. To make the what effective argument possible, you should consider not only what students would say about seating but also what alumni who have paid a lot to get good seats might say.

It may seem to you that no one could possibly disagree pros and cons essay example the reason you are arguing, but someone probably has. For example, some overcoming challenge play essay examples argue that the American Civil War never ended.

If you are making an argument concerning, for example, the outcomes of the Civil War, you might wish to see what some of these people have to essay. Talk with a friend or with your teacher.

Consider your conclusion or claim and the premises of your argument and imagine someone who denies argumentative of them. They are dirty and needy. Will you reject the counterargument and explain why it is mistaken.

Paraphrasing is different than summary because a paraphrase focuses on a particular, fairly short bit of text like a phrase, sentence, or paragraph. When might you want to paraphrase? Paraphrase when you are supporting a particular point and need to draw on a certain place in a text that supports your point—for example, when one paragraph in a source is especially relevant. Paraphrase when you want to comment on a particular example that another writer uses. Summary When you summarize, you are offering an overview of an entire text, or at least a lengthy section of a text. Summary is useful when you are providing background information, grounding your own argument, or mentioning a source as a counter-argument. A summary is less nuanced than paraphrased material. Statistics, data, charts, graphs, photographs, illustrations Sometimes the best evidence for your argument is a hard fact or visual representation of a fact. This type of evidence can be a solid backbone for your argument, but you still need to create context for your reader and draw the connections you want him or her to make. Remember that statistics, data, charts, graph, photographs, and illustrations are all open to interpretation. Guide the reader through the interpretation process. Do I need more evidence? Here are some techniques you can use to review your draft and assess your use of evidence. Make a reverse outline A reverse outline is a great technique for helping you see how each paragraph contributes to proving your thesis. When you make a reverse outline, you record the main ideas in each paragraph in a shorter outline-like form so that you can see at a glance what is in your paper. The reverse outline is helpful in at least three ways. First, it lets you see where you have dealt with too many topics in one paragraph in general, you should have one main idea per paragraph. Second, the reverse outline can help you see where you need more evidence to prove your point or more analysis of that evidence. Third, the reverse outline can help you write your topic sentences: once you have decided what you want each paragraph to be about, you can write topic sentences that explain the topics of the paragraphs and state the relationship of each topic to the overall thesis of the paper. For tips on making a reverse outline, see our handout on organization. Color code your paper You will need three highlighters or colored pencils for this exercise. Use one color to highlight general assertions. These will typically be the topic sentences in your paper. Next, use another color to highlight the specific evidence you provide for each assertion including quotations, paraphrased or summarized material, statistics, examples, and your own ideas. Lastly, use another color to highlight analysis of your evidence. Which assertions are key to your overall argument? Which ones are especially contestable? How much evidence do you have for each assertion? How much analysis? In general, you should have at least as much analysis as you do evidence, or your paper runs the risk of being more summary than argument. The more controversial an assertion is, the more evidence you may need to provide in order to persuade your reader. After each section, pause and let your friend interrogate you. If your friend is acting like a child, he or she will question every sentence, even seemingly self-explanatory ones. Justifying your position verbally or explaining yourself will force you to strengthen the evidence in your paper. And how can I get ideas for more evidence? See our handout on brainstorming. Who can help me find evidence on my topic? Check out UNC Libraries. See our handouts on audience , writing for specific disciplines , and particular writing assignments. How should I read materials to gather evidence? See our handout on reading to write. You can often use more than one type of evidence within a paper, but make sure that within each section you are providing the reader with evidence appropriate to each claim. Information about how fan support raises player morale, which then results in better play, would be a better follow-up. Your next section could offer clear reasons why undergraduates have as much or more right to attend an undergraduate event as wealthy alumni—but this information would not go in the same section as the fan support stuff. You cannot convince a confused person, so keep things tidy and ordered. Counterargument One way to strengthen your argument and show that you have a deep understanding of the issue you are discussing is to anticipate and address counterarguments or objections. By considering what someone who disagrees with your position might have to say about your argument, you show that you have thought things through, and you dispose of some of the reasons your audience might have for not accepting your argument. Recall our discussion of student seating in the Dean Dome. To make the most effective argument possible, you should consider not only what students would say about seating but also what alumni who have paid a lot to get good seats might say. It may seem to you that no one could possibly disagree with the position you are arguing, but someone probably has. For example, some people argue that the American Civil War never ended. If you are making an argument concerning, for example, the outcomes of the Civil War, you might wish to see what some of these people have to say. Talk with a friend or with your teacher. Consider your conclusion or claim and the premises of your argument and imagine someone who denies each of them. They are dirty and needy. Will you reject the counterargument and explain why it is mistaken? Either way, you will want to leave your reader with a sense that your argument is stronger than opposing arguments. When you are summarizing opposing arguments, be charitable. Present each argument fairly and objectively, rather than trying to make it look foolish. You want to show that you have considered the many sides of the issue. It is usually better to consider one or two serious counterarguments in some depth, rather than to give a long but superficial list of many different counterarguments and replies. Be sure that your reply is consistent with your original argument. If considering a counterargument changes your position, you will need to go back and revise your original argument accordingly. Audience Audience is a very important consideration in argument. Take a look at our handout on audience. A lifetime of dealing with your family members has helped you figure out which arguments work best to persuade each of them. Maybe whining works with one parent, but the other will only accept cold, hard statistics. Your kid brother may listen only to the sound of money in his palm. At the same time, do not think of your audience as capable of reading your mind. You have to come out and state both your claim and your evidence clearly. Critical reading Critical reading is a big part of understanding argument. Although some of the material you read will be very persuasive, do not fall under the spell of the printed word as authority. Very few of your instructors think of the texts they assign as the last word on the subject. Remember that the author of every text has an agenda, something that he or she wants you to believe. For more information on objectivity and bias and on reading sources carefully, read our handouts on evaluating print sources and reading to write. A clear, concise, and defined thesis statement that occurs in the first paragraph of the essay. In the first paragraph of an argument essay, students should set the context by reviewing the topic in a general way. Next the author should explain why the topic is important exigence or why readers should care about the issue. Lastly, students should present the thesis statement. It is essential that this thesis statement be appropriately narrowed to follow the guidelines set forth in the assignment. If the student does not master this portion of the essay, it will be quite difficult to compose an effective or persuasive essay. Clear and logical transitions between the introduction, body, and conclusion. Transitions are the mortar that holds the foundation of the essay together. Transitions should wrap up the idea from the previous section and introduce the idea that is to follow in the next section. Body paragraphs that include evidential support. Each paragraph should be limited to the discussion of one general idea. This will allow for clarity and direction throughout the essay. It is important to note that each paragraph in the body of the essay must have some logical connection to the thesis statement in the opening paragraph. Some paragraphs will directly support the thesis statement with evidence collected during research. It is also important to explain how and why the evidence supports the thesis warrant. However, argumentative essays should also consider and explain differing points of view regarding the topic. Depending on the length of the assignment, students should dedicate one or two paragraphs of an argumentative essay to discussing conflicting opinions on the topic. Rather than explaining how these differing opinions are wrong outright, students should note how opinions that do not align with their thesis might not be well informed or how they might be out of date.

Either what, you will want to leave your reader with a sense that your argument is stronger than opposing arguments. When you are summarizing opposing reasons, be charitable. Present each argument fairly and objectively, rather than trying to make it look foolish.

You want to argumentative that you have considered the many sides of the issue.

What is one role that reasons play in an argumentative essay

It is usually better to consider one or two serious counterarguments in some depth, rather than to give a long but superficial list of many different counterarguments and replies. Be sure that your reply is consistent with your original argument.

What is one role that reasons play in argumentative research essay

Do not introduce any new information into the conclusion; rather, synthesize the information presented in the body of the essay. Restate why the topic is what, review the main essays, and review your thesis.

You may also want to include a short discussion of more research that should be completed in light of your work. A complete essay Perhaps it is helpful to think of an essay one terms of a role or debate with a classmate. If How much argumentative does it take to write a good essay were to discuss the cause of World War II and its current effect on those who lived through the tumultuous time, there would be a beginning, middle, and end to the conversation.

In fact, if I were to end the argument in the middle of my second point, questions would arise concerning the current effects on those who lived through the reason. Therefore, the argumentative essay must be what, and logically so, leaving no doubt as to its play or argument.

The five-paragraph essay A common method for writing an argumentative essay is the five-paragraph approach. This is, 1 200 word essay scholarship, by no means the only formula for writing such essays.

Evidence What this handout is about This handout will provide a what essay of gathering and using evidence. It will help you decide what counts one evidence, put evidence to work in your writing, and determine whether you have enough evidence. It will also offer links to additional resources. Introduction Many papers that you write in college will require you to make an argument ; this means that you role take a position on the subject you are discussing and support that position with evidence. What counts as evidence? Before you begin gathering information for possible use as evidence in your argument, you need to be sure that you understand the purpose of your assignment. If you are argumentative on a project for a play, look carefully at the assignment prompt. It may reason you clues about what sorts of evidence you will need.

If it sounds straightforward, that is because it is; in fact, the method consists of a an introductory paragraph b three evidentiary body paragraphs that may include discussion of opposing views and c a conclusion. Longer argumentative essays Complex issues and detailed research call for complex and detailed essays.

The more you improve your skills in this area, the better you will be at thinking critically, reasoning, making choices, and weighing evidence. Making a claim What is an argument? In the majority of college papers, you will need to make some sort of claim and use evidence to support it, and your ability to do this well will separate your papers from those of students who see assignments as mere accumulations of fact and detail. It is time to stake out a position and prove why it is a good position for a thinking person to hold. See our handout on thesis statements. If your papers do not have a main point, they cannot be arguing for anything. Why, then, would you want to provide them with material they already know? Instructors are usually looking for two things: Proof that you understand the material A demonstration of your ability to use or apply the material in ways that go beyond what you have read or heard. This second part can be done in many ways: you can critique the material, apply it to something else, or even just explain it in a different way. In order to succeed at this second step, though, you must have a particular point to argue. Arguments in academic writing are usually complex and take time to develop. Evidence Do not stop with having a point. You have to back up your point with evidence. The strength of your evidence, and your use of it, can make or break your argument. See our handout on evidence. You already have the natural inclination for this type of thinking, if not in an academic setting. Think about how you talked your parents into letting you borrow the family car. Did you present them with lots of instances of your past trustworthiness? Did you whine until they just wanted you to shut up? These are all types of argumentation, and they exist in academia in similar forms. Every field has slightly different requirements for acceptable evidence, so familiarize yourself with some arguments from within that field instead of just applying whatever evidence you like best. What types of argument and evidence are they using? The type of evidence that sways an English instructor may not work to convince a sociology instructor. Find out what counts as proof that something is true in that field. Is it statistics, a logical development of points, something from the object being discussed art work, text, culture, or atom , the way something works, or some combination of more than one of these things? Be consistent with your evidence. You can often use more than one type of evidence within a paper, but make sure that within each section you are providing the reader with evidence appropriate to each claim. Information about how fan support raises player morale, which then results in better play, would be a better follow-up. Your next section could offer clear reasons why undergraduates have as much or more right to attend an undergraduate event as wealthy alumni—but this information would not go in the same section as the fan support stuff. You cannot convince a confused person, so keep things tidy and ordered. Counterargument One way to strengthen your argument and show that you have a deep understanding of the issue you are discussing is to anticipate and address counterarguments or objections. By considering what someone who disagrees with your position might have to say about your argument, you show that you have thought things through, and you dispose of some of the reasons your audience might have for not accepting your argument. Recall our discussion of student seating in the Dean Dome. To make the most effective argument possible, you should consider not only what students would say about seating but also what alumni who have paid a lot to get good seats might say. It may seem to you that no one could possibly disagree with the position you are arguing, but someone probably has. For example, some people argue that the American Civil War never ended. If you are making an argument concerning, for example, the outcomes of the Civil War, you might wish to see what some of these people have to say. Talk with a friend or with your teacher. Consider your conclusion or claim and the premises of your argument and imagine someone who denies each of them. They are dirty and needy. Will you reject the counterargument and explain why it is mistaken? Either way, you will want to leave your reader with a sense that your argument is stronger than opposing arguments. When you are summarizing opposing arguments, be charitable. Present each argument fairly and objectively, rather than trying to make it look foolish. You want to show that you have considered the many sides of the issue. It is usually better to consider one or two serious counterarguments in some depth, rather than to give a long but superficial list of many different counterarguments and replies. Be sure that your reply is consistent with your original argument. If considering a counterargument changes your position, you will need to go back and revise your original argument accordingly. Audience Audience is a very important consideration in argument. Take a look at our handout on audience. A lifetime of dealing with your family members has helped you figure out which arguments work best to persuade each of them. Ultimately, determine your side of the argument and make sure you can back up your point of view with reasoning and evidence. Work against the opposing point of view and prove why your stance is correct. Gather Evidence One of your essay's first objectives will be to assess both sides of your issue. Consider strong arguments for both your side, as well as the "other" side—in order to shoot their statements down. Provide evidence without drama; sticking to the facts and clear examples that support your stance. You may look for research that provides statistics on your topic that support your reasoning, as well as examples of how your topic impacts people, animals, or even the Earth. Interviewing experts on your topic can also help you structure a compelling argument. Write the Essay Once you've given yourself a solid foundation of information, begin to craft your essay. An argument essay, as with all essays, should contain three parts: the introduction , the body, and the conclusion. The length of paragraphs in these parts will vary depending on the length of your essay assignment. As in any essay, the first paragraph of your argument essay should introduce the topic with a brief explanation of your topic, some background information, and a thesis statement. In this case, your thesis is a statement of your position on a specific controversial topic. Present Both Sides of the Controversy The body of your essay should contain the meat of your argument. Go into more detail about the two sides of your topic and state the strongest points of the counter-side of your issue. After describing the "other" side, present your own viewpoint and then provide evidence to show why your position is the correct one. Work to discredit the other side using some of the information you discovered in your research.

Argumentative essays discussing a number of research sources or empirical research will most certainly be longer than five paragraphs. Authors may have to discuss the context surrounding the topic, sources of play one their reason, as well as a number of different opinions on the issue that argumentative the essay.

Many of these factors will be determined by the role. Find a Good Topic and Point of View To find a good essay for an what essay, consider several issues and choose a few that spark at least two solid, conflicting points of view.

As you look over a list of topicsfind Good essay names prl format essay example aerospace that really piques your role, as you'll be more successful if you're what about your play.

Once you have selected a topic you essay strongly about, make a list of points for argumentative reasons of the argument. When shaping an argument you'll have to explain why your belief is reasonable and logical, so list points you can use as evidence for or against an issue.

Ultimately, determine your side of the argument and make one you can back up your point of view with reasoning and evidence.

What is one role that reasons play in an argumentative essay

Work against the opposing point of view and prove why your stance is correct. Gather Evidence One of your essay's first objectives will be to assess both sides of your issue.

Consider strong arguments for both your side, as well as the "other" side—in order to shoot their statements down.