You will need a lot of sources, and they should differ from each other. The more sources, the better - it will help you to make sure that the information is correct. Use library databases, read journals, newspaper articles, and books. They will give you enough information to work with. Important note: It will be complicated to start, so do some background research before going deeper into your theme.
Remember to use the sources that are trustworthy. There are things that you should take into consideration to check if the source is trustworthy: 1. Publication Date. The information needs to be updated, especially if your research is on scientific subjects or technology. Check if the author provided sources.
Why is the author qualified to talk about the subject? Check the information. The last thing you need to do is to check the information in the source with a trustworthy source. Take your time.
If you have any questions, ask your professor. Also, make copies of your sources and then highlight any significant information that you need. If you are not allowed to make copies, then take notes while reading the resources. Important note: If you are quoting the source word for word then make sure that you are citing the source properly.
Remember that plagiarism may result in failing your paper. Draft your paper It is time to write your paper! Divide the process into parts to make it easier. Write the thesis You have ideas, you noted the sources, and now it is time to do the work that is directly related to writing the paper.
The first thing you need to do is to write the thesis to your seminar paper. You need to remember a couple of things about the thesis: 1. It has to be effective and express your argument. It has to present an original perspective. Write the introduction Remember that people are going to read your paper and it has to be interesting from the beginning. Start right away with establishing your position. Think about what are you going to write further on your paper and think about things that you should write in the introduction.
For example, you can write an interesting fact related to your study. Important note: Your introduction is a kind of a review to the rest of your paper. The main idea should be understood right away. Write the main part When your thesis and introduction are ready, you can go to writing the seminar paper.
It is a good idea to write a rough outline of your paper. Divide the outline by subsections. They need to understand everything, so provide them with necessary background information. Also, a good paper is an organized paper. Divide the paper into paragraphs and structurize them. Remember, that each paragraph should have a claim at the beginning, the support of the claim with at least one or two examples from the sources.
Cover everything in detail. A pure literature study will only be able to shed very limited light on a practical phenomenon. Therefore, for instance case studies or an interview survey could be applied. If, however, only a literature study would be feasible due to time limitations, the limits of applicability should be discussed. The structure of the report section The general structure of the report should be discussed briefly at the end of the introduction section.
The logic of the following sections should be presented to help the reader comprehend the structure. The body of the report In the introduction section the problem is defined and the methods for solving it is outlined.
In the main part of the seminar study, i. To do so a structure should be chosen that helps the reader understand the argumentation of the author. It is often helpful to separate the body into several sections to sufficiently structure the report. The first sections s dealing directly with the research topic should be dedicated to the description of the existing knowledge concerning the research subject.
In the beginning of the study the author should always describe what is already known about the subject. The ideas presented by the author should aim at extending this knowledge, not reinventing it. The description of the information concerning the research subject is normally done as a literature study. This study can, if necessary, be complemented with expert interviews. The value of the literature study is greatly increased if the author succeeds in creating his own outline and synthesis of the previous research on the same subject.
Direct quotations should be used sparingly. One guideline can be quoting only one sentence directly at a time. Even this is true only if the source manages to present the essential idea especially concisely and to the point the quotation is controversial and the author wishes to avoid any misrepresentations The author should pay special attention to the way the information is presented.
Each context should show whether the information in question is based on a literary source the source must be given as a citation based on an interview the source must be given as a citation research result based on empirical data collected by the author deduction of the author assumption of the author guess of the author Only generally known and fully verified matters may be presented without reference or grounds.
If such a matter is verified in literature, a reference concerning the matter must be given. If a statement is presented without references or grounds, it may be incorrectly interpreted as a guess or assumption of the author. The author is encouraged to present personal thoughts, information, assumptions, and guesses whenever possible.
However, if personal thoughts, information, assumptions, or guesses are presented, they must be clearly identified for example by stating "even though no exact information was available, it seems likely that Guesses and assumptions without grounds will greatly reduce the value of the research.
However, well-grounded assumptions and guesses may greatly increase the value of the research. New ideas and insights will always increase the value of the research. The literature study should be concluded by a synthesis of the existing knowledge. This synthesis can be presented, for example, in the form of a table, a figure, a summary of the existing knowledge pointing out areas which have not been studied yet, or any combination of these. If the aim of the study is to apply the existing knowledge on some specific problem, the author should systematically try to determine whether the existing knowledge can be applied in the context specific to the problem, and what are the limitations that should be taken into account.
For example, if the author is doing a study for a small or medium-sized company, and most of the existing literature concerns large companies, the implications of this fact should be analyzed.
The author should try to determine how the existing models and frameworks should be changed in order to be applicable to the specific case at hand. Remember to analyze the problem from various perspectives and be critical with the sources used and consider their reliability. Summary and Conclusions After an in-depth analysis of the information concerning the research problem, the summary of research results and conclusions are presented. The research results can be presented, for example, in chronological order, in order of importance, or in an order of internal logic of the subject.
The summary must not contain new research results which have not been mentioned earlier in the report. In the summary and conclusions part, recommendations concerning further study of the research topic should also be presented. The author should tell what was learned, what was new, and what topics or aspects of the research problem merit further study. You will most probably change it again. The important thing is, break the whole paper down into sections which, in the end, will cover about a page or even half a page.
Now you have slots and can start to fill them. The Actual Writing The introduction usually covers what you will do in the paper. Leave the introduction until the end of the work. Then write down what you have done but in a way which gives the impression that you have written this before you have actually done it. This will become clear anyway. If you deliberately leave out a subject which you feel should be part of the paper, then this is the only case you should give reasons why you do it.The length of the executive according should be one writing. The registration for the following sections should be modified to help the reader comprehend the quantity. The body of the guideline In the introduction writing the problem is defined and the papers for socializing it is outlined.
Needs lots of space. Deciding the approach is important, since each of the approaches should result in somewhat different papers and have different emphasis on the introduction sections as well. Also, make copies of your sources and then highlight any significant information that you need. Divide the process into parts to make it easier. Some lecturers will need to approve your hypothesis before you may begin research.
Edit your sentences to make your ideas sound clear and simple, take notice of structure, grammar and punctuation. Start right away with establishing your position. Use of additional methods is optional, not required for this study. Remember, that each paragraph should have a claim at the beginning, the support of the claim with at least one or two examples from the sources.
It has to be original. If your paper is too short, browse for paragraphs of which the last line is almost complete. The more sources, the better - it will help you to make sure that the information is correct. You will most probably change it again. Guide to writing Seminar Papers Getting Started 1.
If unsure of the date, make a sensible guess and use a question mark: Fendell, R. There are things that you should take into consideration to check if the source is trustworthy: 1. First, you need to revise it right away and check for any mistakes. The first sections s dealing directly with the research topic should be dedicated to the description of the existing knowledge concerning the research subject. Write the thesis You have ideas, you noted the sources, and now it is time to do the work that is directly related to writing the paper. The argument you use will attempt to prove or disprove your original hypothesis by answering the question.
The main idea should be understood right away. Each section may be just few lines and the introductory section in total should not exceed two pages. Try to make them original. The limitations given must be sensible and justified.
Therefore, the author should define the scope of his research.
They need lots of space. Each context should show whether the information in question is based on a literary source the source must be given as a citation based on an interview the source must be given as a citation research result based on empirical data collected by the author deduction of the author assumption of the author guess of the author Only generally known and fully verified matters may be presented without reference or grounds. Taking Notes 1. For every objective the author should reflect whether it serves in answering the question set out as the research problem. If you do this in the whole of the paper, you will be able to generate an extra page for each ten pages.
Your argument should be consistent from the beginning to the end. Therefore, for instance case studies or an interview survey could be applied. Now you have slots and can start to fill them.