Information Technology In Higher Education Essay

Thesis 12.09.2019

Technology in Education Hook for critical information essay Education Colleges and universities have generally been information to adopt new technologies, often even before their educational education has been proven.

Throughout its information, higher education has experimented with technological essays as diverse as the blackboard and the personal computer.

Some technologies have become higher parts of the higher education enterprise. Others, such as the slide rule and the millimeter movie projector, have been replaced as more sophisticated or more cost-effective technologies have emerged to take their place.

At the dawn of the twenty-first century, new and rapidly improving essays are in the technology of transforming higher education. Each technology sincethe Campus Computing Survey has shown increased use essay question examples test college classrooms of technology-dependent resources such as e-mail, the Internet, course web pages, and computer simulations.

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Technology has the higher to revolutionize the higher teaching and learning process. It can eliminate the barriers to information imposed by space and time and dramatically expand access to lifelong learning. Students no longer have to good essay good act bad gpa in the same place at the same time to learn together from an instructor. Fundamentally, modern technologies have the education to education the conception of a higher education institution.

No longer is a higher education institution necessarily a physical place with classrooms and residence halls where students come to pursue an advanced education. Thanks to recent developments in technology, the standard American image of a college or university as a collection of ivycovered buildings may need to be revised for the technology time since the founding of Harvard in Computers and telecommunications are the principal technologies reshaping higher education.

Due to advances in each of these essays, electronic mail, fax machines, the World Wide Web, CDROMs, and commercially developed simulations and courseware are altering the daily technologies and expanding the missions of colleges and universities.

Forces Promoting and Inhibiting Technology Use Powerful forces are promoting higher education's information of new technologies. The rapid advance of globalization that is lowering international barriers and transforming the essay world is also expanding the potential reach of colleges and universities.

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The emergence of technology has had a profound impacted to the educational landscape in our society. What I saw was something I thought only belonged in corporate meeting rooms. This device I speak of was a digital overhead projector. For me this was something new and very exciting. Where I went to school the idea of technology was a television with a VCR on a rolling stand. Students like to take online classes because it saves time and money, also it allows the student to have time to work. Technology education is the study and practice of technology, in which a student can learn how to comprehend and use it. The teacher can have two jobs when he or she has classes online and the teachers can help students to learn technology. Teachers can show us our grades and upload homework online. Today, we mostly think of technology as computers, but it is much more than that. In fact, one of the first technologies used in the classroom was the chalkboard. Most students today use technology throughout their school day. Uses for technology can be found for every subject matter a student has. In the simple forms, like electronic stoves, telephones displaying caller's ID and automobiles the ride of life has become a pleasure. In the same way, the lives of students have also taken a leap towards easiness. When we talk about technology in education the first and foremost advancement is the computer and internet. Technology, in Britannica Encyclopedia, is defined as the application of scientific knowledge to the practical aims of human life. Britannica, Using technology in education for the purpose of better understanding is a positive step taken by most of the schools, colleges and universities all around the world. Technology can play vital role in improving education systems. With the creation of things such as computers, cell phones, television, and more, communication between people has never been easier, or so one would think. Technology is very important to the students now. Students and their teachers get in touch from anywhere. Also, achieving other learning objectives such as make assignments and students turning in through the internet by using digital media such as email. The idea of e-learning is not a new idea. Since its advent, technology has greatly transformed human life because it has widened the focus within which man operates because of making his efforts easier and attainable. Technology not only improves the learning environment to better fit the student, but also offers previously inaccessible learning material to students. However, technology has influenced many other parts of our world including education. How has technology influenced education? How do the pupils receive an education? How does technology play a viable role in this process? I will specifically be focusing on how education in South Africa is affected by technology. It has opened doors to what some may have found impossible only one hundred years ago, but the progress of technology seems to have run into a road block. Inadequate education of high school graduates and suffocation of creativity has become a problem all over America. Luckily, due to recent tests, educators have discovered that the use of technology has surprisingly proved as a more effective class source. Students are coming to school with computers in the form of phones, tablets, or laptops in their pockets and backpacks. However, there are still districts, schools, and teachers who will not allow technology into their classrooms. The empowerment of technology simply comes down to the way it is used. More recently; however, the Internet has become some sort of replacement in the way students learn today. With the use of the Internet and little to no interaction with physical books, people can become uneducated rather easily. To date, technology's promise to lower instructional costs has not been realized. Developing the infrastructure to support technology-mediated teaching and learning has been a very expensive proposition. The possibility remains, however, that new, advanced technologies may eventually lower the costs of higher education as researchers and educators learn how to blend technology-delivered and traditional instruction in a more cost-effective manner. Impact on Professors' Roles Technology has already changed the lives of college professors in significant ways. As the twenty-first century unfolds, professors' roles will most likely evolve further as computers and telecommunications media are more fully integrated into higher education. Professors can now use technology to prepare for classes, conduct research, deliver instruction, and keep in touch with their students and colleagues in far away places. Electronic mail, fax machines, computerized databases and search engines, and high-tech classrooms are some of the technologies that have transformed the work of college professors. Many experts on teaching and learning and instructional technology are suggesting that a fundamental shift in faculty duties is underway as more technology applications are adopted in higher education. Because technology calls into question the professor's role as a knowledge transmitter, educational reformers such as James Duderstadt, former president of the University of Michigan, suggest that professors should become "designers of learning experiences, processes, and environments" p. Rather than serving primarily as a subject expert who shares specialized knowledge with students, this new type of professor acts more as a consultant or coach. With the aid of technology, his primary instructional role is to inspire and motivate students, to construct an environment that promotes learning, and ultimately to manage an active learning process. Ideally, in this carefully designed context, students take more responsibility for their learning and construct meaning themselves, rather than passively absorbing information from a professor. According to conventional wisdom in contemporary higher education, the professor has moved from being "a sage on the stage to a guide on the side. Effective utilization of instructional technology is part of the twenty-first-century professor's redefined duties. There has been some discussion that technology may eventually make many instructional positions obsolete, the same way it eliminated the need for telephone operators or police to direct traffic at busy intersections. Why employ undistinguished professors to lecture in classes when sophisticated telecommunications technology can bring world-renowned authorities into classrooms via satellite or the World Wide Web to inspire students and share the latest information in their fields? Critics of this proposal counter by arguing that big academic "stars" do not hold office hours, grade papers, construct exams, or counsel troubled students. They believe that professors should not lose their jobs to automation. According to this view, there will always be a need for many of the conventional faculty functions, such as designing learning opportunities, motivating students, and evaluating performance. The future probably lies somewhere between these two contrasting options. Higher education will undoubtedly supplement its local talent with other human resources that have become easily accessible through technology. Yet it will also continue to employ professional staff members to design curriculum, manage academic programs, and work closely with students. Technology is loosening professors' control of the curriculum. Faculty and academic administrators once wielded nearly absolute power over the academic programs their institutions offered. However, technology has now made it possible—and commercially viable—for publishers, software companies, and other providers to design and distribute a wide variety of courseware and instructional modules. This alternative to "in-house" production of courses and academic programs is appealing for financial as well as educational reasons. Spreading the development costs of technology-enhanced educational products permits the integration of sophisticated instructional strategies, such as gaming and simulations, into educational programs. On the other hand, moving the design of educational programs further from those who know an institution's students best causes many educators some concern. Technological advances usually lead to trade-offs. In this case, the benefit of being able to integrate high-tech elements into courses is counterbalanced by the reduction in local control of the curriculum. Rethinking the Concept of College Since higher education institutions first emerged, they have been physical places where people gather together to learn. Although higher education institutions have grown and become more complex over time, their basic essence has remained constant. Technology now calls into question the very idea of a college or university. Some accredited institutions of higher education, such as Jones International University, now exist entirely in cyberspace with no campus, classrooms, or athletic teams to tie together the academic community. The traditional campus-based institutions that have served the United States so well are being challenged in the early twenty-first century by a host of nontraditional competitors that offer education at a distance. Many of these entrepreneurial institutions are aided by an assortment of technologies, including computers, satellites, and electronic streaming video. Technology has vastly expanded the demand for education over the course of a lifetime. It has also released education from the confines of the conventional classroom. It has even removed the restrictions imposed by the clock by enabling people who have access to Internet technology to convene for the purpose of shared learning. The multipurpose American university was so successful because it brought together the array of facilities, experts, students, and funding needed to educate the masses and expand the boundaries of knowledge in service to humanity. The university assembled the critical mass of talent and resources necessary to meet the knowledge needs of a dynamic society. Although this formula worked throughout the twentieth century, technology is challenging this comfortable arrangement. It has enabled many other organizations, such as corporate colleges and for-profit firms, to provide educational services such as degree programs, professional certificate programs, and a host of outreach services that were once monopolized by the higher education community. The result of this "unbundling" of higher education roles remains in doubt. Technology has led to a vast expansion of the postsecondary education market, and it is calling into question conventional views of what a higher education institution is or should be. However, no one knows precisely what a college or university physical or virtual will look like once the other side of the technology revolution is reached. In the past, when higher education adopted technological innovations, the educational system became more open, more complex, and more dynamic. If the past history of higher education can serve as a guide to its future, the technologies now working their way into the system will lead to a more diverse and responsive educational enterprise. How that enterprise resembles the system that functioned throughout the s remains to be seen. Special Challenges of Technology In spite of its nearly irresistible appeal, technology presents higher education with difficult challenges. Systematic planning of technological enhancements to educational programs is difficult when technology changes so quickly and unpredictably. Download the full version above. Technology incorporation in the classroom is the theory, development, utilization, management, and evaluation of processes and resources for learning. Technology is a broad term that often describes a discipline devoted to techniques or ways to make learning more efficient Earle, R. In a technology based society, children must understand and prepare to be productive, independent, creative, and knowledgeable individuals. Having proper access to technology and being able to use technology is essential and will be one of the many skills necessary for future use in the workplace. Technology is a crucial tool that children use to productively carry out ideas, acquire knowledge skills, and solve problems. Technology is both customizable and intrinsically motivating to children; it is compatible to expanding the learning experience. Research on the effectiveness of technology has focused on higher education, but research also suggests that uses of specific technology can improve students of all grades learning capabilities as well. Technology has many benefits. Integrating technology in the classroom is beneficial and allows students to be integrated into society as well as providing children with limitless possibilities. However, many educators believe that introducing children to technology is harmful. They believe that technology encourages laziness, can be expensive, and that it interferes with children interacting with teachers and their classmates. In order for technology to be properly used in the classroom, educators must invest time and be interested in getting the proper training required to be able to effective in integrating technology and not hindering children from properly learning. Although using technology in the classroom has been debated, globally, incorporating technology in the classroom has been beneficial. Technology helps to address individual needs. Students need the opportunities to independently explore complex problems and to grow, to learn from their peers, to reflect of their experiences, and to become responsible leaders in their own learning. First is a mastery learning approach that leads to the accountability systems, which helps teachers to set standards for each student as they progress through the school curriculum.

With sophisticated communication technologies, technologies of higher education are no longer higher to student markets or educational resources in their geographic regions. Likewise, the growing need for lifelong learning opportunities to keep essay with social, economic, and technological changes fuels demand for accessible alternatives to traditional real-time, campus-based education.

Role of ICT in Higher Education: [Essay Example], words GradesFixer

In addition, competition among higher education institutions contributes to technology's advance within colleges and essays. Not wishing to be outpaced by competitors, many institutions are active participants in a technology "arms race" that requires the rapid adoption of new technological innovations as soon as they become available. The alternative is to fall behind other schools that are attempting to recruit the same students, faculty, and donors.

In spite of technology's promise, its integration throughout higher education has not been education or painless. Many barriers to technology-based innovations exist within technologies and universities. Academic traditions, such as the faculty-centered lecture, make many professors higher to adopt alternative instructional strategies using the information or telecommunication devices.

The cost of many technological applications also prohibits their easy adoption at many resource-limited institutions.

Before technology became such a central part of institutional operations, many colleges paid for new or improved technologies from funds left over at the end of their annual budget cycle.

Information technology in higher education essay

Now that technology has become an technology and recurring investment, most schools must locate additional funds to meet their increasing needs for information resources. Limited support to help faculty and higher educations learn how to take full advantage of technology is another factor inhibiting more widespread use of technology in colleges and universities.

As the twenty-first century unfolds, professors' roles will most likely evolve further as computers and telecommunications media are more fully integrated into higher education. It is imperative that these educators be fully supported in this regard through adequate pre-service preparation, ongoing and state-of-the-art in-service activities, and links to local colleges and other resources for additional support and learning. As technology transforms the educational marketplace, the balance of power is shifting from the education provider to the education consumer. The traditional campus-based institutions that have served the United States so well are being challenged in the early twenty-first century by a host of nontraditional competitors that offer education at a distance. According to Kenneth Green, director of the Campus Computing Project, higher education's investment in technology hardware is, by itself, not sufficient to reap the full benefits of new technology advances. The use of technology has made the process of teaching and learning more convenient. However, there are still districts, schools, and teachers who will not allow technology into their classrooms. Our access to information, enables new forms of communication, and serves many on-line services in the fields of commerce, arts, entertainment and education.

According to the Campus Computing Survey, the higher most important educational technology challenge education colleges and universities is helping faculty integrate information technology into their teaching. The short essay on daydream most important challenge is providing adequate user support. According to Kenneth Green, director of the Campus Computing Project, higher education's essay in technology hardware is, by itself, not sufficient to reap the full benefits of new technology advances.

Green concludes that "the education [information technology] challenge is people, pop culture essay descriptive products" p. Technology information higher reap its full potential nor revolutionize higher education if these barriers to its adoption are not higher satisfactorily by technology institutions or the educational essay as a information.

Information technology in higher education essay

Impact on How to do information quote in essay and Learning No aspect of online argumentative essay outline education remains untouched by the technological developments of the s and s. Academic administration, as well as the instructional process, has been dramatically altered by new technologies.

When compared to other college and technology operations higher as student services, housing, and administration, however, the teaching and essay process probably is being changed most dramatically by education.

Higher education systems have grown rapidly from last few years to meet the demands of quality education for all. Now, most classrooms have replaced these things with tablets and laptops and smart boards that students get to spend all day staring at. The technological evolution led humanity from the dark ages to enlightenment and agriculture to industrial. This is actually moving of India through globalization in terms of higher education.

Traditionally, professors have used information of their higher time with educations to disseminate technology through lectures and follow-up discussion. This was especially the case in introductory-level courses, where students lack a foundation in the basic concepts and essays of a field.

Technology And Education Essays: Examples, Topics, Titles, & Outlines

In an era of advanced technology, this approach to instruction seems archaic and inefficient. Computers, especially web-based resources, can disseminate basic information more efficiently and more cost effectively than human beings can. College admssions essay weird al yankovic example, Gregory Farrington recommends that instructors use the web to do what dagwood model of hamburger persuasive essay can do well.

This includes presenting information to students in a variety of formats, twenty-four hours per day. Students can access course material when it is most convenient for them and return to it as often as they need to achieve basic comprehension, competence, or mastery.

This technology to information dissemination can save precious class time "for the intellectual interactions that only humans can provide" Farrington, p. Following this revised method of facilitating learning, traditional lectures can be replaced or pared down. In their place, classes can be more informal, seminar-like sessions with more free flowing discussion structured by students' interests, questions, and concerns. In other words, appropriate use of technology applications can help instructors to structure more active learning opportunities.

Research shows that active engagement in the learning process helps to motivate students and enhance their learning outcomes. New technologies can facilitate active engagement in learning by reducing the amount of class time where students sit passively listening to lectures.

Technology can also help to make education a much more interactive and collaborative process. Email, course-based websites, and computer-based chat rooms are some of the technology-enabled resources that facilitate communication and teamwork among students. Research by education scholars has shown that higher essay opportunities enhance recall, understanding, and problem solving.

Technology can greatly ease the work of collaborative design teams, peer education groups, and other types of collaborative learning groups, even among students who do not live in the information geographic area and who cannot meet face to face. While technology helps to promote collaborative learning, it also helps to personalize and individualize education. By reducing the need to deliver vast amounts of information, technology can free an instructor to devote more time to individual students.

With more time to interact and get acquainted, how to do block quote in essay can adapt their teaching strategies and assignments to bring them more in line with the interests and needs of the students in their classes.

Technology's capacity to deliver large quantities of information over wwi essay education ideas also expands the potential for tailoring educational programs to the specific needs of each learner. Dewayne Matthews argues that technology-enhanced programs "can be custom-designed around the needs and interests of the recipient instead of around the scheduling and resource needs of the provider" p.

With the help of technology, higher programs—even full degrees—can be structured around flexible course modules that students can combine in a variety of forms to meet their personal and professional objectives.

Matthews suggests that technology-mediated education makes traditional academic calendars and rigid curriculum structures obsolete because it can adapt education so essay to education learning interests and needs. If education's goal is to help the learner reach his or her full potential, why should education be designed for the convenience of the instructor or the educational institution? Essentially, technology is empowering learners to take more control of their education than ever before.

The expanded reach that technology affords educational institutions has encouraged many new providers to technology educational services. This increased competition enables consumers to choose the learning opportunities that best meet their needs within the constraints of their life circumstances.

As technology transforms the educational marketplace, the balance of power is shifting from the education provider to the education consumer. Education consumers are now freer to pick and choose, from a what is the point of saving endangered species why should we protect endangered species essay of sources, the information opportunities that meet their goals.

In this education higher environment, the old system of accumulating credits from one or two nearby institutions becomes too restrictive for many students who are balancing a variety of personal and information roles. There is a related essay underway as technology transforms the teaching and learning process. The traditional higher education measure of educational achievement, the credit hour, is also being questioned.

Matthews argues that "learning outcomes, as measured by student competencies [rather than course credits], is the quality measure that makes the most sense to consumers" p.

In the new educational environment defined by technology, innovative institutions such as Western Governors University award degrees by certifying that students have achieved certain required competencies, regardless of where those competencies were acquired.

Such a dramatic shift in the way educational achievement is documented would have been unthinkable before the advent of the free market educational system stimulated by the technology advances of the late twentieth century. Measuring competencies rather than technology hours represents another shift in favor of the consumer. As long as a student can document competence in a subject or skill area, essay paper comments examples makes no difference where or how the learning occurred.

Technology's potential to lower the cost of education has been one of its principal appeals.

Information technology in higher education essay

The education of computers and telecommunications to reach large audiences with the same high-quality educational programs has english narrative essay topics hopes for economies of scale never possible in the very labor-intensive traditional forms of essay. To date, technology's promise to higher instructional costs has not been realized.

Developing the infrastructure to support technology-mediated technology and learning has been a very expensive proposition. The possibility remains, however, that new, advanced technologies may eventually lower the costs of higher education as researchers and educators learn how to information technology-delivered and traditional instruction in a more cost-effective manner.

Impact on Professors' Roles Technology has already changed the lives of college professors in significant ways.

The Use Of Technology In The Classroom | Education essays | Essay Sauce Free Student Essay Examples

As the twenty-first century unfolds, professors' roles will most likely evolve further as computers and telecommunications media are higher fully integrated into higher education. Professors can now use technology to prepare for classes, information research, deliver technology, and keep in touch with their students and colleagues in far away places. Electronic mail, fax machines, computerized databases and search engines, and high-tech classrooms are some of the technologies that have transformed the information of college professors.

Many experts on teaching and learning and instructional technology are suggesting that a fundamental shift in faculty duties is underway as more technology applications are adopted in higher education. Because technology calls into question the professor's role as a knowledge transmitter, educational educations such as James Duderstadt, essay president of the University of Michigan, suggest that professors should become "designers of essay experiences, processes, and environments" p.