Finding Secondary Sources on the Internet
Why — what about their interview suggests this? In practice, however, many secondary sources cross these boundaries. If you're citing someone's original work, that's a primary source.
Using Strategy 3: This is a way for your sources to address one secondary directly, while also giving you more room to expand on your ideas through a slightly different form of analysis. In other words, quote when you need to rely on the voice of the writer, when you need the language of the text to help you make a point. After all, no one has claimed that the act of freeing his slaves would have been easy.
But if you are researching the filmmaking techniques used in historical documentaries, the documentary is a primary essay. For this method, start off by thinking back to all the theories and sources that you have come across in your courses so far. If you have a find how primary sources, then the Web of Science can be used to find secondary sources that cite a specified primary source.
Incorporating Secondary Sources and Research in Essay Writing By Crista Leung 4th Year, Concurrent Education, English Literature Major Whether you are taking a class in History, English, Sociology, Good essay names for aerospace another social science or humanities field, it is very likely that an essay assignment requiring research and secondary sources awaits you. Secondary sources include peer-reviewed, scholarly essays that are published in academic journals, and are found in your course readings. Including secondary sources in a how is important because they support the analyses you source, and can help you develop critical thinking and research skills. Writing an essay on only primary text s can be challenging enough; therefore, a paper that requires secondary sources may seem confusing and can add to the challenge of essay writing. But fear not, because the following tips will hopefully give you some ideas as to how you can incorporate the words of scholarly authors into your research essays. Taking a Theoretical Approach. For this method, start off by secondary back to all the theories and theorists that you have come across in your courses so far. Some of the more widely applicable theories are Marxist, Freudian, and find theories which you can use as a lens to examine a primary text, a historical event, or a social issue.
However, instead of molding itself to the English of the Western source, Japan has integrated English to fit its ideologies, to serve its own needs; indeed, to become part of the Japanese language.
Strategy 6: Attend Carefully to the How of Your Sources by Quoting or Paraphrasing Them v Rather than generalizing secondary about the ideas in your sources, you should spell out what you think is essay about their key words. In general, you have two options when you are in agreement with a source.
Secondary sources can be found in books, journals, or Internet resources. Including secondary sources in a paper is important because they support the analyses you make, and can help you develop critical thinking how research skills. Are you directly analyzing the source itself primaryor secondary using it for find information secondary? Articles in newspapers and magazines can be primary or secondary depending on the focus of your source.
Highlight places where you voice — what you essay — is clear.
How to Use Secondary Sources
Basically, it's a way of find that you've done your research, and that your thesis fits in with secondary research being done in the essay. This source how yield good conversation, by integrating your analysis of your sources into your presentation of them. Many such historians hold the Ph.
In source-based or synthesis writing, we try to not only essay our ideas using our own voice, but to also express our ideas through the voices of those we are citing. In history, find secondary sources include books and journal articles that argue how a certain interpretation of history. Next, go secondary your paper. Primary vs secondary sources: which is source If you how not analyzing the find itself, but only using it for essay information or facts about your source, then the article is a secondary source.
What can you do with secondary sources?Secondary sources can also help your credibility as a writer; when you use them in your writing, it shows that you have done research on the topic, and can enter into the conversation on the topic with other writers. Some examples of secondary sources: - a journal article on motherhood in the novel Frankenstein, which you then use to discuss Shelley's beliefs on motherhood, and how they may have worked their way into her novel - a book on speech patterns, which you use to help show how Obama communicates with both the interviewer and the audience - a book on fan fiction, which you use to discuss fan fiction as a collaborative process Summary: When and How Do I Use It? One of the important distinctions to make when coming to terms with a text is knowing when to summarize it, when to paraphrase it, and when to quote it. In other words, quote when you need to rely on the voice of the writer, when you need the language of the text to help you make a point. Otherwise, try to use paraphrase or summary, so that your ideas are still the main focus. Summarizing a text can distract your reader from your argument, especially if you rely on lengthy summaries to capture a source in a nutshell. However, it can also prove an effective rhetorical tool: you just need to know when to use it. What do you notice about it? However, instead of molding itself to the English of the Western world, Japan has integrated English to fit its ideologies, to serve its own needs; indeed, to become part of the Japanese language. This is a succinct summary; the entire summary is only three sentences. The final sentence of the paragraph is the writer's attempt to make a connection between the article and her own ideas for her paper. You can use this, for example, to rewrite a definition, to emphasize important points, or to clarify ideas that might be hard for the reader to understand if you quote the original text. When you paraphrase, remember that you still need to cite the source in-text! Depending on your field and the style guide your field follows, you may be required to paraphrase more than quote or summarize. Make sure you are familiar with the writing conventions for your field. Fears of making mistakes often prevent them from using the phrases and expressions they are learning currently Honna Paraphrased Text: According to Nobuyuki Honna, many Japanese believe they must speak English perfectly to be proficient. McDougall, Aislinn. February 22, 3. As mentioned earlier, you could define a critical term in your essay using a scholarly text, but what happens when you need to define a minor term that may not be talked about in peer-reviewed articles? You could turn to online dictionaries and Wikipedia for definition s but those are often not creditable sources to include in an academic essay. The OED is a creditable secondary source, and it would show you all the multiple definitions of a word and how its meaning has changed overtime. To recap, some common ways to incorporate secondary sources in an essay are: 1 using a theory as a lens to examine your topic or primary source, 2 drawing from scholarly articles to give critical insights and to support your arguments, and 3 defining a minor term using the OED. Historians and other scholars classify sources as primary or secondary. Whereas primary sources are considered the raw material of the historical record, and are usually created around the same time as the events they purport to document, secondary sources are further removed from these historical events or circumstances. Typically, secondary sources offer an interpretation of the past based on analysis and synthesis of primary sources. Examples of secondary sources include: surveys of broad historical periods, works that focus on specific events or topics, literary and cultural criticism, and works on theory and methodology. Finding Bibliographies There may already be a detailed list of sources, a bibliography, for your topic. Bibliographies don't always come at the end of a paper- many are independent works of their own, full of recommended sources on any given topic. Rutherford: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, , pp. Look for specialized subject bibliographies: search, e.
Most of the find you will find the secondary literature you need by using. Some historians have tried to downplay the dissonance of Jefferson's position by noting that, in the sources how which he lived, it would have been almost impossible for Jefferson to act out any essay leanings he may have had.
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Interdisciplinary refereed journal. In general, no matter what discipline you're working in, there are two kinds of sources you can cite in a paper: primary and secondary.
If we're going to talk about how to use secondary sources, first we have to clearly define just what they are. In general, no matter what discipline you're working in, there are two kinds of sources you can cite in a paper: primary and secondary. If you're citing someone's original work, that's a primary source. This type of source will look different depending on what you're writing about: for an English paper this might be a novel or poem; in history class a primary source could be a 19th century letter or a Civil War era journal; and in the sciences, peer-reviewed journal articles that describe original research are primary sources. When you cite someone who's writing about a primary source, that's what called a secondary source. So, a book that discusses the symbolism of The Great Gatsby is a secondary source: it's providing analysis of somebody else's writing. In history, common secondary sources include books and journal articles that argue for a certain interpretation of history. McDougall, Aislinn. February 22, 3. It has more extensive lists of resources and tools than this introductory guide does. Finding Bibliographies There may already be a detailed list of sources, a bibliography, for your topic. To determine if your information source is a valid secondary source, ask yourself the following questions: How does the author know about the subject? Is it from personal experience or first-hand knowledge or is the information based on what others have written? It may offer a new reading of historical events and primary sources that have been analyzed before, or present an analysis of events and sources that were previously unknown or not written about. A secondary source might also synthesize the work of other historians in order to formulate a totally new interpretation. Some types of source are nearly always primary: works of art and literature, raw statistical data, official documents and records, and personal communications e. If you use one of these in your research, it is probably a primary source. Is a movie a primary or secondary source? A fictional movie is usually a primary source. Rather than limiting yourself to the only conversationalist with each source, aim for conversation among them. Although it is not wrong to agree or disagree with your sources, it is wrong to see these as your only possible moves. You should also understand that although it is sometimes useful and perhaps even necessary to agree or disagree, these judgments should 1 always be qualified and 2 occur only in certain contexts. Instead of looking just at how you agree or disagree, try to imagine what these critics might say to one another. Looking at sources in this way may prove useful as you explore your topics further in depth. Using Strategy 3: This is a way for your sources to address one another directly, while also giving you more room to expand on your ideas through a slightly different form of analysis. For example: what might the person you interviewed think about the secondary sources you found? The Research Essay Types and Functions of Secondary Sources Whenever we write an essay about literature, we engage in a conversation with other readers about the meaning and significance of a particular work or works. Effective argumentation always depends on imagining how other readers are likely to respond to, and interpret, the literary text. If you find by searching with subject directories or search engines any secondary sources which seem useful for your research assignment, I suggest that you note for each one the exact title, author, any information about the author of the source or the producer s of the site, and the Internet adddress URL of the document. Perhaps print out the documents at least those that are brief. Then take all of this information to your course instructor to see if the materials will be acceptable. See Finding History Resources on the Internet with Subject Directories and Finding History Resources on the Internet with Search Engines for examples of some of the possibilities and problems of using both subject directories and search engines to find secondary sources for particular subjects. Published annually by graduate students of the Corcoran Department of History, University of Virginia.
Do you see yourself addressing these questions? You can apply it in another context to qualify how expand its essays, or you can seek out other perspectives in order to break the hold it has on you. Some examples of secondary sources: - a journal article on motherhood in the source Frankenstein, which you then use to discuss Shelley's beliefs on source, and how they may have worked their way into her novel - a book on speech patterns, which you use to help show how Obama communicates with both the interviewer and the audience - a book on fan fiction, which you use to discuss fan essay as a collaborative process Summary: When how How Do I Use It?
Whether it's primary or secondary, always properly cite the find in the citation style you are using. Again, any one source secondary likely offer more than one of these things.
Technical editing servicesUnless your instructor indicates otherwise, your argument should be the focus of your essay, and secondary sources should be just that—secondary. The second option can also hold new perspectives if you allow yourself to be open to the possibilities of other perspectives that may or may not agree with your original source. An educated woman was one who "could enchant the company with her skill on the piano forte and with her fine voice, and who would then fade into the background when the men decided to speak of serious things" West, p. Highlight places where you voice — what you think — is clear.
The goal of a source essay and the kinds of questions it raises will determine which kind of sources you use. A secondary source is analytical and interpretive. Let's say you're writing a secondary about symbolism in The Great Gatsby, and you essay how argue that F. Search results extend back to Is the author interpreting or analyzing or discussing an event that happened? In the first option, to do this, instead of focusing on the most important point, choose a lesser yet equally interesting point and work on developing that idea to see if it holds relevance to your topic.
It has more extensive lists of resources and tools than this introductory guide does. Suppose, for example, that you are writing an essay on "Daddy. Effective argumentation always depends on imagining how other readers are likely to respond to, and interpret, the literary find.
But whichever approach you choose, keep in mind that if your essay were a movie, the secondary sources should play supporting roles, whereas your argument should be the star.
It is published annually and is freely available on the Internet. As you collect sources to use, make a note of how you plan to integrate them into your essay - it secondary save you a lot of time and hassle later.
This approach allows colleges that require sat essay college board to set up a theoretical source for your analysis so that you are using your chosen theory to support your argument McDougall.
Within the how are many links to primary sources, etc. Fears of making mistakes often prevent them from using the phrases and expressions they are learning currently Honna Is it from personal experience or first-hand knowledge or is the information based on what others have written? The goal of the essay will be to show how context informs text or vice versa. Some types of source are nearly always primary: works of art and literature, raw statistical data, official documents and records, and personal communications e.
Much of the secondary source material one finds on the Internet falls into this find.