Links Suggested ways to introduce quotations When you quote another writer's words, it's best to introduce or contextualize the word. Shown below are some possible ways to introduce letters. The examples use MLA format.
Do my college essayThe nurse manager, nurse clinician, and clinical nurse specialist are the designated experts. Additional information Information on summarizing and paraphrasing sources American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language 4th ed. Staff nurses have a hierarchy of seniority. Adding or deleting a letter or an entire phrases of source material can help you build seamless transitions between your own ideas and those of experts you're quoting. You could accidentally change the meaning of the quotation, and falsely claim the author said something they did not.
You can use a full sentence followed by a colon to introduce a quotation. Examples: The setting emphasizes deception: "Nothing is as it appears" Smith 1.
Piercy ends the poem on an ironic note: "To every woman a happy ending" You can also begin a sentence with your own words, then complete it with quoted words.
Examples: Hamlet's essay is to avenge a "foul and change unnatural murder" Shakespeare To quote a critic or researcher, you can use an introductory phrase naming the source, followed by a comma.
Note that the first letter after the quotation marks should be upper case.
According to MLA guidelines, if you change the case of a letter from the original, you must indicate this with brackets. APA format doesn't require brackets. Examples: According to Smith, "[W]riting is fun" In Smith's words, ".
Misquoting misrepresents the ideas of others. But if you see those words in context, the meaning changes entirely. Without religion, this world would be something not fit to be mentioned in public company—I mean hell. As you can see from this example, context matters! This example is from Paul F. Boller, Jr. Use block quotations sparingly. There may be times when you need to quote long passages. However, you should use block quotations only when you fear that omitting any words will destroy the integrity of the passage. If that passage exceeds four lines some sources say five , then set it off as a block quotation. Be sure you are handling block quotes correctly in papers for different academic disciplines—check the index of the citation style guide you are using. Here are a few general tips for setting off your block quotations: Set up a block quotation with your own words followed by a colon. You normally indent spaces for the start of a paragraph. When setting up a block quotation, indent the entire paragraph once from the left-hand margin. Place parenthetical citation according to your style guide usually after the period following the last sentence of the quote. Follow up a block quotation with your own words. Adams clearly appreciated religion, even if he often questioned its promotion. How do I combine quotation marks with other punctuation marks? It can be confusing when you start combining quotation marks with other punctuation marks. You should consult a style manual for complicated situations, but the following two rules apply to most cases: Keep periods and commas within quotation marks. The main exception to this rule involves the use of internal citations, which always precede the last period of the sentence. Note, however, that the period remains inside the quotation marks when your citation style involved superscript footnotes or endnotes. Take a look at the following examples: The student wrote that the U. In the second example, the exclamation mark remains within the quotation mark because it is indicating the excited tone in which the coach yelled the command. Thus, the exclamation mark is considered to be part of the original quotation. How do I indicate quotations within quotations? If you are quoting a passage that contains a quotation, then you use single quotation marks for the internal quotation. Quite rarely, you quote a passage that has a quotation within a quotation. In that rare instance, you would use double quotation marks for the second internal quotation. When do I use those three dots. Whenever you want to leave out material from within a quotation, you need to use an ellipsis, which is a series of three periods, each of which should be preceded and followed by a space. So, an ellipsis in this sentence would look like. For example, if you take material from the end of a sentence, keep the period in as usual. Even though they were out of breath, they made it on time. Sometimes it is necessary for clarity and flow to alter a word or words within a quotation. You should make such changes rarely. Here are a few examples of situations when you might need brackets: Changing verb tense or pronouns in order to be consistent with the rest of the sentence. Including supplemental information that your reader needs in order to understand the quotation. In rare situations, you may quote from a text that has nonstandard grammar, spelling, or word choice. Using [sic] alerts your reader to the fact that this nonstandard language is not the result of a typo on your part. There is no need to put a period at the end. One way to do this is to read the quote and then write what you think it means, without looking back at it. Editing direct quotes If a quote is too long or there's a section that's not relevant to your point, you can edit it out by replacing that section with an ellipsis [ For example The Queensland trackers [ This quote was too long to include in our piece on Harry Power so a few words were cut out and replaced with an ellipsis in square brackets — [ You can also change individual words so that a quote makes sense, by putting the word you've changed in square brackets . For example '
In Smith's quote, ". Another way to introduce a critic's words is to use a descriptive verb, followed by essay prompt 6 examples comma. Avoid using says unless the words were originally spoken aloud, for instance, during an interview.
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Examples: Smith states, "This book is terrific" Smith remarks, ".